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Helping babies learn. HPC 3O May 7 th , 2013. Encouraging Learning. Depends on the caregiver – attention, time and knowledge of parents Giving child basic care helps build mental abilities. Encouraging Learning. Ways to encourage learning: Learn about child development

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Helping babies learn

Helping babies learn


May 7th, 2013

Encouraging learning
Encouraging Learning

  • Depends on the caregiver – attention, time and knowledge of parents

  • Giving child basic care helps build mental abilities

Encouraging learning1
Encouraging Learning

Ways to encourage learning:

  • Learn about child development

  • Give your time and attention

  • Provide positive feedback

  • Express love

  • Talk!

Safe learning
Safe Learning

  • Allow freedom of movement at home

  • 1st few months  move baby from room to room to be with family

  • Older babies should not be restricted to playpens for too long

  • Childproof your home!

The importance of play
The Importance of Play

  • Sounds with a saucepan

  • Play is work as well as pleasure

  • Stacking blocks, shaking rattles, chewing on teething toys, throwing a ball – all are ways to strengthen muscles, refine motor skills and learn about the world

Different toys for different ages
Different Toys for Different Ages

  • Birth – 3 months: bright colors and interesting sounds. Ex: hanging mobile, baby’s random arm and leg movements. Brightly color crib liners, wallpaper and pictures

  • 4-6 months: sense of touch. Babies need to touch, handle, bang, shake, suck and chew. Ex: stuffed toys, squeak toys, simple picture books

  • 7-9 months: Anything that makes a noise is fascinating! Enjoy blocks and balls. Pots, pans and lids!

Different toys for different ages1
Different Toys for Different Ages

  • 10-12 months: need things to crawl after. Like toys that they can push or pull. Baskets, boxes and other containers are fun! Picture books

Choosing toys
Choosing Toys

  • Look for toys that encourage participation and use

  • Young children – simple toys, and as abilities increase, you can look for more complex toys

Choosing toys1
Choosing Toys

  • Some toys are labelled as “educational”  they can be expensive! And usually have limited usefulness

  • Offer household items to child  clean bucket, plastic bowls, mixing bowl, large spoon, metal pan, cardboard box with a “window” cut in it, etc;

  • When buying toys, look for those that will remain interesting and appropriate for a number of years.

Choosing toys2
Choosing Toys

  • Blocks are a good example!

Developing communication skills
Developing Communication Skills

  • Major task: how to communicate with others

  • Communicating without words – crying (1st) means of communication. Crying takes a pattern at 1st month of birth

Developing communication skills1
Developing Communication Skills

  • Different cries for different problems

  • Babies send messages with movements and gestures – ex: wiggling baby doesn’t want to get dressed, clinging to parent’s leg is showing fear or shyness

  • Special sounds can send messages of emotion

Learning to speak
Learning to Speak

  • Baby must learn to associate meanings with words – gradual process

  • Depends on the caregivers! Talk, talk, talk! – use simple words, not baby talk

  • Development over the first year, gives the baby the physical attributes needed to speak

Learning to speak1
Learning to Speak

  • Babies get ready for real speech by babbling. Encourage it!

  • A child’s first real words are understandable between the ages of 8 – 15 months

  • First words are usually common, simple and have special meaning for the baby: “mama”, “dada” or “bye-bye”

Learning to speak2
Learning to Speak

  • Milestones of language development:

    -1-6 months: sounds (coos, gurgles and squeals). Changing shape of mouth for different sounds at the end of this period

    -7-12 months: Starts to make more different sounds. Babies respond to their names and add actions to verbs (waving when saying bye-bye)

Learning to speak3
Learning to Speak

-13-18 months: vocabulary starts to grow quickly. Children use words in combinations such as “no nap” and “want juice”

-18 months – 2 years: Learn as many as 12 words a day. By 2 years, most know a few thousand words and begin to use words to express feelings

-2 to 2 ½ years: construct three-and four word sentences. Pronouns

Learning to speak4
Learning to Speak

-2 ½ to 3 years: speak in longer sentences that follow the rules of grammar for tense and using plurals. Also understand that the order of words in a sentence can affect meaning

-Infants wave goodbye with their hands before they can say “bye-bye”. How is that typical of their development?

Learning to speak5
Learning to Speak

  • Answer: Waving is a simpler task than generating speech; simpler to complex is a developmental pattern

In class activity
In-Class Activity

  • Read pages 340-341. Answer questions 1 & 2

  • Art Activity: Sketch your own model of a baby’s room decorated to provide a stimulating environment.


  • Ask your parents what your first words were when you spoke as an infant. Share your findings with the class tomorrow. We will then discuss patterns that are revealed by the class’s responses