New Information Technology and Civil Society. KEIS 7. Yanuar Nugroho, Ph.D Research Associate Suite 8.07 Harold Hankins Building email@example.com. Structure. 30+ minutes presentation …. … but … a LOT of stories from the field
Yanuar Nugroho, Ph.D
Suite 8.07 Harold Hankins Building
… but …
Civil society constitutes a vast array of associations, including trade unions, professional associations, religious groups, cultural and sports groups and traditional associations, many of which are informal organizations that are not registered. Nonetheless, despite the huge variety of different types of organisations that are found in the developing world, most of the funding from international sources for service provision is channelled through non-governmental organisations. The NGO sector in most developing countries is formally organised and often subject to certain government regulations, and has developed considerable capacity and experience in the delivery of development projects. For this reason, although it is important to keep the terms CSO and NGO analytically distinct, in practice the majority of CSOs involved in service provision are NGOs (Clayton, 2000:1-2)
Adopted and modified from Fakih (1996), Eldridge (1995) and Hope and Timmel (1988)
That is, a networked of organisations, groups, and movement within civil society aiming at mainly widening participation in political decision making for ‘civic agendas’ such as development, protection of environment, defence of human rights, among many others.
(Global )Civil Society
Because the Internet’s inherent characteristics and transnational reach parallel (or correspond to) those of global civil society, the medium serves as both a logical and an effective tool for establishing and maintaining social connections that can contribute to global civil society… By increasing the ease with which people can establish and maintain relationships, share resources and information, and coordinate their activities, the Internet aids the process of building and maintaining the social bases of global civil society. (Warkentin, 2001:33)
Parameter estimation: Issues and concerns of each category
Latent Class Analysis. BIC(LL)=5407.792;NPar=94; L2=4214.830; df=127; p<0.0001; and Class.Err=2.6%.
Parameter estimation: application used by each category
N=268; Latent class analysis. BIC(LL)=2024.3602; NPar=90; L2=983.6697; df=131; p<0.0001 and Class.Err=4.35%
What negative aspects have you been experiencing in using the Internet in your CSO?
Reasons for not
using the Internet
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SNA shows evidence how the national network of Indonesian CSOs expands and grows over time –i.e. in 4 (four) social transition period in Indonesia.
Label shows the CSOs that were interviewed. Note that they represent the ‘centre’, ‘periphery’ and ‘isolate’
SNA shows evidence how the
international network of Indonesian CSOs expands and grows over time – i.e. in 4 (four) social transition period in Indonesia.
This evidence challenges existing
proposition about the role and involvement of international CSO during the transition period to democracy in Indonesia (e.g. Uhlin, 2000)
It is argued that by becoming more active in the cyber-world –through creating an online persona (McCaughey and Ayers, 2003; Warkentin, 2001)—CSOs will engage in framing activities like online public opinion building, especially in the era when online media is increasingly gaining popularity. By shaping the way issues are conceptualised and understood, CSOs can often affect public opinion building in important ways.
It is also with this in mind that CSOs’ members need to share a collective identity and role, develop mutual respect and increase trust among each other in order to maintain organisational cohesion.
CSOs certainly need to anticipate this development and possibly prepare for new paradigms in their socio-political activism. Not only is the future changing, but the change itself can, and will, affect CSOs’ undertakings – in which the use of the Internet will play a mediating role.
While the Internet has successfully facilitated ways of fostering reform and development agenda to the wider public, CSOs will need to remember that the essence of social movement is real engagement, not just information exchange (Juris, 2004).
While Internet use can facilitate collective and collaborative work particularly when CSOs endeavour to influence public policy making, CSOs need to build their own capacity in order to be able to strategically use the technology.
As we saw, the transforming and unpredictable character of technological innovation makes any manageable form of cost-benefit analysis impossible. Does this mean that we have no way by which to judge it? No, because all such technology comes into existence and develops in a context, and that context as its broadest is the one to which reference has just been made –human nature and the human condition. It is a context, however, which bears on our assessment of technology not by providing a medium in which costs and benefits may be compared, but by providing us with the standard against which the ultimate value of technology must be measured.
(Gordon Graham, Internet philosopher, 1999:169)