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The WTO TBT Agreement ISO CASCO/DEVCO – BIS Regional Workshop on Certification and Conformity Assessment: Building Confidence for Developing Countries New Delhi, 6-7 December 2004 Erik Wijkström WTO Trade and Environment Division erik.wijkstrom@wto.org +41 22 7395729.

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Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

The WTO TBT AgreementISO CASCO/DEVCO – BIS Regional Workshop on Certification and Conformity Assessment: Building Confidence for Developing CountriesNew Delhi, 6-7 December 2004Erik Wijkström WTO Trade and Environment Divisionerik.wijkstrom@wto.org+41 22 7395729

Slide 1


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

Allow: regulatory autonomy (legitimate objectives)

Avoid: unnecessary barriers to trade

Use: international standards!

Slide 2



Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

Overall, import weighted tariff on

industrial products

≈ 40%

> 4%

Slide 4


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

%

tariffs

1947

2004

Slide 5


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

NTBs

%

tariffs

?

1947

2004

Slide 6



Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

TBT

SPS

Slide 8



Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

Non-discriminationMFN, NT…

“like product”

Slide 10


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

Non-discriminationMFN, NT…

Slide 11




Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

Unnecessary barriers to trade

Balance between pursuing a regulatory policy objective (choice of measure) and discouraging Members from adopting or maintaining measures that unduly restrict trade

Slide 14



Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

Technical Regulations

Standards

Conformity Assessment Procedures

Slide 16


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

Definition (Annex 1 of TBT Agreement)

3. Conformity assessment proceduresAny procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that relevant requirements in technical regulations or standards are fulfilled.Explanatory noteConformity assessment procedures include, inter alia, procedures for sampling, testing and inspection; evaluation, verification and assurance of conformity; registration, accreditation and approval as well as their combinations.

Slide 17


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

TBT Committee work programme on CAPTriennial Review: November 2003(G/TBT/12, paras 29-41)

“With a view to improving Members' implementation of Articles 5-9 of the Agreement and promoting a better understanding of Members’ conformity assessment systems, the Committee agrees to the following work programme ...”

Slide 18


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

Why?

Slide 19


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

TBT Committee work programme on CAP

Not new: approaches discussed before

“renewed emphasis”

To do what?

Workshop

early 2006

SDoC

Other

Accreditation

SDoC Workshop

21 March 2005

4th TR, end- 2006

Special Meeting

29 June 2004

Slide 20


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

Definition

Principles

Summing up on CAP

Work program(experiences with implementation)

Slide 21


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

A word on how the TBT Committee works

Slide 22


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

forum

Slide 23


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

specific trade concerns

horizontal issues

“TBTTriennial Reviews”(Article 15.4)

technical assistance

Slide 24


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

“specific trade concerns”

Request explanation / clarification from Enquiry Point

Bilateral consultations

Raise issue at TBT Committee meeting

Request formal consultations (Dispute Settlement)

(Solution)

Slide 25



Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

EC – Sardines (2002)

EC – Trade Description of Sardines (Peru)(first TBT case)

Slide 27


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

Summing up

NTBs are growing in importance

Quality and safety key competitive factors today

TBT and SPS Agreements are relevant and important

Basic principles are familiar: MFN, NT, etc.

Key in TBT: use of international standards

“renewed emphasis” on CAP

Work Programme CAP in 3rd TR

Slide 28


Avoid unnecessary barriers to trade

DO NOT HESITATE TO CONTACT:erik.wijkstrom@wto.org+41 22 7395729

Slide 29