The Renaissance 1485- 1660 • French word meaning “rebirth” • Renewed interest in classical learning, the writings of ancient Greece and Rome
Italian Renaissance • 14th century – 16th century • Boccaccio, Petrarch, da Vinci, Michelangelo, etc. • Vatican’s Sistine Chapel done by Michaelangelo • The people are perfectly proportioned, implying people were capable of perfection. Very optimistic view of humanity.
English Renaissance • In contrast to Italian Renaissance, English renaissance was more restrained and pious. • Regarded classical learning as a means for better understanding the Bible and leading a moral life. Who does this remind you of? • Humanism: used classical Latin and Greek writings to contemplate humanity and morality. Ex. John Milton
Renaissance Poetry • English Renaissance Poetry was characterized by • New poetry that strongly borrowed from old themes or forms • Aristocratic in tone and unconcerned with working people. – why?
Sir Thomas Wyatt The Elder (1503-1542) & Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1517-1547) • worked for Henry VIII as courtiers • As Henry VIII’s ambassador, Wyatt traveled abroad • Brought love sonnet to England from Italy. • Surrey first used unrhymed iambic pentameter in a translation of parts of Virgil’s Aeneid • Neither of them published their poems, since they were expected to compose songs and verses to entertain the King and not poetry • 10 years after Surrey’s death (Wyatt died first), Richard Tottel published Songs and Sonnets - 96 of Wyatt’s poems and 40 of Surrey’s • Tottel changed some of the words around, however, so it is now popularly known as Tottel’s Miscellany
Petrarch • Francis Petrarch • What is a petrarchan conceit? • How many lines do they have? • How many syllables? What meter? • What is an octave and a sestet? What is the difference in terms of content? • What is the “turn?”
Surrey’s “Love that doth reign” (p. 344) • Translation of a Petrarch sonnet. In that one, the situation is that the poet loves a lady, but will not permit him to declare his love. • This is an “English” sonnet. • What’s the stanza structure and rhyme scheme?
Surrey’s “Love that doth reign” (p. 344) • What happens in each quatrain? • Where is the turn? What is the turn? • What is the conceit? What specific parts of the poem show this?
Wyatt • Whose list to hunt p. 340 • They flee from me p. 341
Whose List to Hunt • It’s rumored that Wyatt wrote this about his love for Anne Boleyn. Who was she? • What does he say about his affection for her? • What does noli me tangere mean? What is the historical reference?
Whose List to Hunt • What is the rhyme scheme? • According to the speaker, why is he ending his hunt of the hind? • What advice does he give to potential hunters of this hund? • What does he say is written about the hind’s neck?