AIM To investigate the land use along a transect through the CBD and inner city areas of Worcester
HYPOTHESES These are statements or questions which you will investigate to explore your aim. Your two main hypotheses are: • Worcester has the typical characteristics you would expect to find in a city CBD. • Worcester has typical inner city characteristics of an old industrial centre. For each of these hypotheses, you will need to explain the characteristics which you consider to be typical. This should be at least 600 words.
INTRODUCTION • Where is the area located? (Include maps of different scales). • What effect will other settlements in the area have on Worcester? • What is the area like? (Include photos, Google Earth images etc.) • What is the history of the area? • How does the history of the area relate to the land use in the different parts of the city? If you use other people’s photos (such as from the internet) make sure you always give the source. Never try to pass something off as your own if it isn’t.
How will I go about investigating the hypotheses? You will be investigating your hypotheses by identifying a number of statements from your introduction which you think will tell you whether Worcester has a typical CBD and inner city – such as… • The taller buildings will be in the centre of the CBD. • Certain services will cluster (e.g. …) • Pedestrian numbers will increase towards the centre of the CBD. • The environmental quality scores will be highest in the centre of the CBD and in areas where redevelopment has occurred.
METHODOLOGY Describe, explain and justify the methods used in your fieldwork to collect your data. Show a map of your route. Mark on places where surveys were taken, sketches completed etc.
DATAPRESENTATION • Present your results in ways that make them easy for you and your reader to interpret. • Use a variety of methods of presenting data. Use maps, graphs, charts and annotated photos. These may be hand drawn or completed on the computer. • Find ways of linking different data together. E.g. you could link together your EQS results with photos that illustrate environmental quality. • Think creatively e.g. use a folded piece of A3 paper, if A4 paper is too small; use overlays to compare information.
ANALYSIS You need to use the data you’ve collected to see whether your aim and hypotheses are correct. • Describe results that you have not already been covered in any annotations e.g. place X has a high environmental quality; place Y has a low environmental quality. • Compare places for the highest and lowest e.g. place C has the highest buildings etc • Explain likely reasons for what you see e.g. place H has the highest pedestrian count, as this is where all the large stores are located, such as M&S and Debenhams. • Explain possible reasons for what you see • Link different graphs or photos e.g. place Z has the lowest EQS (graph 2C) which is due to the amount of derelict land (photo 1A)
CONCLUSION • Return to the main aims – take each one in turn and decide whether or not they are true. • The statements may be correct, partly correct, or incorrect. • You need to use evidence that you have collected to help you decide – not just from general impressions you have in your mind. • If you are not sure whether a statement is correct or not, it is OK to say so. But you must give plenty of examples to support each side of the argument, to show why you cannot decide. • Finish by listing the main findings of your work. What firm conclusions can you come to?
EVALUATION Your evaluation assesses the validity of what you have done. Is what you have found out reliable?
EVALUATION OF METHOD • Did your data collection methods work well? Did some work better than others? • Would results be different at another time of the day? Week? Year? E.g. would EQS data be different in winter? • How accurate were the results? How do you know? If you went at different times, would you get similar conclusions? • Are there any anomalies that cannot be explained easily?
EVALUATION OF CONCLUSIONS • Even though you only took a small sample of places/people are your conclusions valid? • If you went to similar places, would you find similar things – e.g. would Birmingham or Malvern show similar results. • Would you go about the investigation in the same way again? If not, why not?
RELEVANCE OF INVESTIGATION • How is your investigation useful to others? • Who might be interested in your investigation and why? What might they do with the information? • Could your investigation be extended? • What parts might be worth developing and how?