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Hazardous Materials Transportation. Hazardous Materials Transportation. Department of Transportation (DOT) requirement Familiarity with general regulations Recognize and identify hazardous materials Familiarity with job-specific requirements

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hazardous materials transportation1
Hazardous Materials Transportation
  • Department of Transportation (DOT) requirement
    • Familiarity with general regulations
    • Recognize and identify hazardous materials
    • Familiarity with job-specific requirements
    • Knowledge of emergency response, personal protection, and accident prevention procedures
  • Regulations
    • 49 CFR Subpart H
general awareness
General Awareness
  • Hazardous material
    • …a substance or material that the Secretary of Transportation has determined is capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property when transported in commerce, and has designated as hazardous under section 5103 of Federal hazardous materials transportation law (49 U.S.C. 5103).
  • The term includes
    • hazardous substances (as defined in the regulations)
    • hazardous wastes
    • marine pollutants
    • elevated temperature materials
    • materials designated as hazardous in the Hazardous Materials Table (see 49 CFR 172.101)
    • materials that meet the defining criteria for hazard classes and divisions in part 173 of subchapter C of the chapter
general awareness1
General Awareness
  • The DOT is concerned with chemicals that pose a hazard to human health or the environment during transportation.
  • Other government agencies, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), have their own definitions of hazardous chemicals.
  • Definitions from different agencies may overlap, but are not necessarily the same.
  • Rule of Thumb:
    • Not all chemicals defined by OSHA as hazardous are regulated by the DOT, but all chemicals regulated by the DOT meet the definition of an OSHA hazardous chemical.
general awareness2
General Awareness
  • Anyone involved in the transportation of regulated hazardous materials must be trained
    • Packaging shipments
    • Preparing shipping papers
    • Receiving hazardous materials
general awareness3
General Awareness
  • Hazardous Materials are listed in 49 CFR 172.101
  • The Hazardous Materials Table includes (among other things):
    • Hazardous materials description and proper shipping name
    • Hazard Class or Division
    • Identification Number
    • Packing Group (PG)
    • Labels
    • Special Provisions
    • Quantity Limitations
general awareness4
General Awareness
  • Bill of Lading
    • Shipping document used to describe shipments of any product or materials
    • Bills of lading must indicate if a product is hazardous under DOT regulations
    • If hazardous, product descriptions on the bill of lading must match exactly the Proper Shipping Name found in the Hazardous Materials Table
    • Bills of lading typically have a column marked “HM” to indicate if a product is regulated as a hazardous material
general awareness5
General Awareness
  • Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest (Manifest)
    • Acts as the Bill of Lading for a shipment of hazardous waste (or Liquid Industrial Waste)
    • Requires additional information and descriptions found in the hazardous waste regulations established by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and/or Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ)
general awareness6
General Awareness
  • Bill of Lading descriptions must follow a specific order
    • Proper Shipping Name
    • Hazard Class
    • Identification Number
    • Packing Group
    • Reportable Quantity (RQ) (only if applicable)
general awareness7
General Awareness
  • Example:

Sulfuric Acid, 8, UN1830, PGII, RQ

Proper Shipping Name(From 49CFR172.101)

Hazard Class(8 = Corrosive Material)

Identification Number

Packing Group

Reportable Quantity exceeded in shipment (Sulfuric Acid RQ = 1000 lbs.)

general awareness8
General Awareness
  • Proper Shipping Name (PSN)
    • A uniform description of the hazardous material
    • Some PSN are specific, others generic (i.e., N.O.S.)
    • Generic PSN must include descriptions of the two most prevalent hazardous ingredients contributing to the hazard (i.e., Corrosive Liquid, N.O.S. (Hydrochloric Acid, Nitric Acid))
general awareness9
General Awareness
  • Hazard Class
    • Nine Hazard Classes defined by the DOT and United Nations (UN)
    • Class 1
      • Explosives
    • Class 2
      • Gases
    • Class 3
      • Flammable Liquids (and Combustible Liquids)
general awareness10
General Awareness
  • Class 4
    • Flammable Solids; Spontaneously Combustible Materials, Dangerous When Wet Materials
  • Class 5
    • Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides
  • Class 6
    • Toxic Materials and Infectious Substances
  • Class 7
    • Radioactive Materials
general awareness11
General Awareness
  • Class 8
    • Corrosive Materials
  • Class 9
    • Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods
general awareness12
General Awareness
  • Labels
    • Containers of hazardous materials to be shipped off site must be labeled prior to shipment
    • Labels must conform to DOT requirements
    • Selection of label is based on the product’s Hazard Class as indicated in the Hazardous Materials Table
general awareness13
General Awareness
  • Class 1 – Explosives
  • Class 2 - Gases
general awareness14
General Awareness
  • Class 3 – Flammable Liquids (and Combustible Liquids)
  • Class 4 – Flammable Solids; Spontaneously Combustible Materials; Dangerous When Wet Materials
general awareness15
General Awareness
  • Class 5 – Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides
  • Class 6 – Toxic Materials and Infectious Substances
general awareness16
General Awareness
  • Class 7 – Radioactive Materials
  • Class 8 – Corrosive Materials
general awareness17
General Awareness
  • Class 9 – Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods
general awareness18
General Awareness
  • Identification Numbers
    • “UN” or “NA” numbers
    • Four digit identifier
      • Allows quick-reference of product hazards
        • Cross-reference with Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) in emergency
      • Used on placards
      • Uniform among all United Nations members (almost)
general awareness19
General Awareness
  • Packing Group
    • Three categories of packaging
    • The Packing Group (PG) is based on the hazard(s) of the product
      • PG I, PG II, and PG III from most to least hazardous, respectively
general awareness20
General Awareness
  • Packaging
    • All packaging must meet specific UN standards
      • Packaging specifications can be found on the Hazardous Materials Table and within the regulations
    • All outer packaging must be marked with the “UN” symbol, packaging specification (i.e., burst strength), among other things
  • All HazMat employees must receive training on:
    • Emergency Response procedures (i.e. Spill Response)
    • Hazard protection
    • Accident prevention
  • Emergency Response procedures
    • Follow OCC Emergency Response Plan and spill response procedures
    • If the emergency is immediate and potentially life threatening, leave area and call 911
    • DOT Emergency Response Guidebook provides information on responding to transportation-related emergencies

DOT Emergency Response Guidebook contains Emergency Response information for regulated chemicals

    • Label Identification
    • Emergency Notification
    • Chemical/Guide Number Cross-Reference
    • Response Guides
    • Isolation/Evacuation Distances
  • Hazard Protection
    • In the event of a spill, leak, or other release of a hazardous material, it is important to take precautions prior to responding
    • Follow the guidelines for the selection of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) established by OCC
    • Refer to the OCC Written Hazard Communication Program for additional information on hazardous materials located at the campus or facility
  • Refer to the following OCC programs for additional guidance and chemical-specific information:
    • Hazardous Materials Transportation
    • Hazard Communication
    • Chemical Hygiene/Lab Safety
    • Regulated Waste Management
    • Spill Response
    • Personal Protective Equipment
    • Respiratory Protection
  • Accident Prevention
    • Always make sure that containers of hazardous materials are properly managed
      • Out of traffic areas
      • Within secondary containment
      • Away from floor drains
      • Kept closed except when filling or emptying
      • Containers compatible with contents
  • Transportation security has become an important issue
  • HazMat employees must be aware of potential security threats associated with the shipment of hazardous materials
  • Never accept shipments of materials without a proper Bill of Lading
  • Never accept shipments sent to an unfamiliar recipient without verification
  • Verify that the carrier is properly licensed for hazardous materials transportation
  • Refer to the OCC Emergency Response Plan for appropriate contacts if a suspicious or improperly prepared package is received