Rocks, Weathering, and Erosion Makeup Test. Rocks and the Rock Cycle Test. If you need to take or retake the Rocks and the Rock Cycle portion of the test, answer questions #1-#11. If not, skip to question #12 to take the Weathering and Erosion portion of the test. Question #1.
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If you need to take or retake the Rocks and the Rock Cycle portion of the test, answer questions #1-#11. If not, skip to question #12 to take the Weathering and Erosion portion of the test.
A student classified the rock below as sedimentary. Which observation about the rock best supports this classification?
(A) The rock is composed of several minerals.
(B) The rock has a vesicular texture.
(C) The rock contains fragments of other rocks.
(D) The rock shows distorted and stretched pebbles.
The photograph below shows an igneous rock. What is the origin and rate of formation of this rock (all of the circular areas are holes in the rock)?
(A) plutonic with slow cooling
(B) plutonic with rapid cooling
(C) volcanic with slow cooling
(D) volcanic with rapid cooling
What type of rock is shown in the picture to the right?
What is the origin of the course-grained igneous rock shown below?
(A) lava that cooled slowly on Earth’s surface
(B) lava that cooled quickly on Earth’s surface
(C) magma that cooled slowly beneath the Earth’s surface
(D) magma that cooled quickly in beneath the Earth’s surface
The wavy bands of light and dark minerals visible in the metamorphic rock below probably formed from the
(A) cementing together of individual mineral grains
(B) cooling and crystallization of magma
(C) evaporation of an ancient ocean
(D) heat and pressure during metamorphism
All of the rock I am looking at in the picture below formed from sand. A shallow sea of saltwater covered the sand and then evaporated. The mineral residue from the saltwater solution cemented the sand grains together, forming a material that is most similar in origin to
(A) an extrusive igneous rock (B) an intrusive igneous rock
(C) a clastic sedimentary rock (D) a foliated metamorphic rock
igneous sedimentary metamorphic
sedimentary igneous metamorphic
sedimentary metamorphic igneous
igneous metamorphic sedimentary
The photograph below shows a house partially buried in sand. Which erosional agent most likely piled the sand against these buildings?
(A) glacial ice
(C) ocean waves
(D) frost wedging
Which rock layer appears to be most resistant to weathering and erosion?
The photograph below shows a sample of sediment at the bottom of a stream. Which of the following is true about the sediment?
(A) well-sorted and far from the source rock
(B) poorly-sorted and far from the source rock
(C) poorly-sorted and medium distance from source rock
(D) well-sorted and very near the source rock
Which of the following type of weathering gives the butte in the picture its red color?
(B) acid precipitation
(D) ice wedging
What type of weathering has taken place in the picture below that has given the sediment its color?
(A) erosion. (B) mechanical (Physical)weathering.
(C) ice wedging. (D) chemical weathering
Which number in the picture indicates weathering from plants or animals?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3
Which number in the picture indicates weathering from oxidation?
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3
The illustration below shows an arch of rock located in Utah. (Yes that’s me in the picture.) How did the arch most likely form?
(A) The rock in the arch was more resistant to erosion than
the surrounding rock that was eroded.
(B) An earthquake forced bedrock upward in the shape of
(C) Sand and gravel were deposited and compacted in the
shape of an arch.
(D) An underground glacier tunneled through the bedrock.
What type of weathering occurred to the rock shown in the picture to the right to break it apart?
What erosional agent created the canyon shown below?
What will the sediment at the bottom of the waterfall look like?
Small and smooth
Small and angular
Large and smooth
Large and angular