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Strategies for Analyzing an Author’s Style and Technique. ARTM Preparation. Analyzing elements of character, theme, and setting. Be sure to understand the above elements Read questions before reading so you know what to look for in passage
Strategies for Analyzing an Author’s Style and Technique ARTM Preparation
Analyzing elements of character, theme, and setting • Be sure to understand the above elements • Read questions before reading so you know what to look for in passage • Look for info in passage that relates to the three elements • Choose answer that relates to the details
Analyzing Tone (attitude of author) • Examine the author’s word choice (diction) • Determine what the connotations suggest the writer’s attitude toward the subject • Read all answer choices; eliminate those that are inconsistent with the author’s diction and tone • Examine remaining choices and choose the choice that best describes the tone of the passage • Beware of answer choices that exaggerate the writer’s attitude
Analyzing style • Examine the author’s tone and the passage’s mood • Look at the answer choices • Words like admiring, bitter, and comic suggest that the question is focused on tone or mood • Words like slangy, lofty, or elevated suggest that the question is more focused on formality or informality • Eliminate choices inconsistent with the diction, tone, or mood of selection • Select remaining choice that seems most consistent with these 3 elements
Evaluating Rhetorical Strategies • These are not based on solid evidence • Use of overgeneralization • Look for general statements. Words like: no one, every, never, and always may signal a general statement • Identify the details that support the statement • If there is no support, the statement is probably an overgeneralization • Evaluate the support • Does it really support the broad generalization or only a qualified version of the generalization? • Example: Some dogs love to play in water.
Analyzing Literary Devices • Allusion: reference to a person, place, or event from history, literature, religion, mythology, politics, sport, science, or pop culture • Metaphor: compares one thing to something quite unlike it • Simile: compares two unlike things using-like, as, than or resembles • Personification: giving human qualities to nonhuman things • Imagery: language that appeals to the senses • Irony: opposite of the expected (verbal: spoken; situational: situations; dramatic: audience knows but not character) • Symbol: an object, event, person, or animal to which extraordinary meaning is attached.