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Chapter 26 p. 740-749 Quiz. AP World History. 1. The “annihilation of time and space,” extolled by the public and the press, referred especially to A) the development of aircraft. B) submarine telegraph cables. C) transcontinental railroads. D) the science fiction musings of H. G. Wells.

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slide2
1. The “annihilation of time and space,” extolled by the public and the press, referred especially to

A) the development of aircraft.

B) submarine telegraph cables.

C) transcontinental railroads.

D) the science fiction musings of H. G. Wells.

E) an accurate clock.

slide3
2. The largest railway network in the world at the end of the nineteenth century was in

A) Great Britain.

B) Canada.

C) Mexico.

D) Japan.

E) the United States.

slide4
3. Industrial chemistry was a great advantage to Germany because Germany

A) controlled the sources for the raw materials.

B) was the most innovative nation at that time.

C) allowed the government to support those industries.

D) had the most advanced scientific institutions.

E) was forbidden to do military research.

slide5
4. The most prominent early use of electric current was

A) in steel making.

B) for lighting.

C) for telegraph systems.

D) in the chemical dye industry.

E) the electric chair.

slide6
5. The negative environmental effects of nineteenth-century industrialization included all of the following except

A) smoke and particulate matter polluting the air.

B) large piles of waste product and slag left behind.

C) chemical and dye materials dumped into the rivers.

D) deforestation and reduction of agriculture for areas used for mining coal, iron, and limestone.

E) depletion of the ozone layer.

slide7
6. By 1900, the nation that controlled the majority of the world's trade and finances was

A) Germany.

B) Great Britain.

C) Russia.

D) the United States.

E) Austria.

slide8
7. The most important urban technological innovation was

A) gas lamps for lighting.

B) electric streetcars and subways.

C) paved roadways for transport and travel.

D) pipes for water and sewage.

E) apartment buildings.

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8. The growth of towns and cities was made easier by railways, creating the commuter society. This affected primarily which class?

A) Students traveling to universities

B) Missionaries seeking to evangelize

C) Middle-class entrepreneurs escaping to country estates on the weekend

D) Working-class laborers in the suburbs

E) The wealthy, who could afford train tickets

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9. The Victorian Age refers to rules of behavior and family wherein

A) marriage was an economic contract between male and female.

B) men and women began to share equally the duties of child-rearing.

C) the home was idealized as a peaceful and loving refuge.

D) male and female children were educated away from the family in boarding schools.

E) women were finally encouraged to work outside the home.

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10. Families were considered middle class only if they

A) had a second home.

B) were college-educated.

C) did not work with their hands.

D) owned their own horses.

E) employed a full-time servant.

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11. When the typewriter and telephone were first used in business in the 1880s,

A) businessmen found that they were ideal tools for women workers.

B) only men could use them.

C) they created new jobs for immigrant workers.

D) widespread job losses resulted.

E) they were a failure because people feared new inventions.

slide13
12. Why were women considered well suited for teaching jobs?

A) Women refused to do most other types of work.

B) They were better educated than men.

C) Men were needed in factory work.

D) Teaching was an extension of the duties of Victorian mothers.

E) Teaching was considered unimportant.

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13. This phenomenon takes place as societies develop a complex economic system that relies on the factory system of production. It began first in Europe and spread around the world over time. It is considered one of the hallmarks of modern society.

  • 14. This term describes land or goods held exclusively by individuals or groups rather than owned by the government or society at large.
slide15

15. This industrial movement, beginning in the late 19th century and continuing into the 20th century, led to new methods of production of steel, chemicals, electricity, and precision machinery.