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The Global Economic Recession: Rethinking “Education for All” (EFA) Sustainability. Mary Goretti Nakabugo Irish-African Partnership for Research Capacity Building (IAPRCB) Mary Immaculate College, University of Limerick, Ireland goretti.nakabugo@mic.ul.ie / gnakabugo@yahoo.co.uk

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the global economic recession rethinking education for all efa sustainability
The Global Economic Recession: Rethinking “Education for All” (EFA) Sustainability

Mary Goretti Nakabugo

Irish-African Partnership for Research Capacity Building (IAPRCB)

Mary Immaculate College, University of Limerick, Ireland

goretti.nakabugo@mic.ul.ie / gnakabugo@yahoo.co.uk

DSA Conference 2009

Contemporary Crises and New Opportunities

University of Ulster, Coleraine Campus

2nd – 4th September 2009University of Ulster

COLERAINE

slide2

The global economic

crisis threatens efforts

to reduce poverty

and achieve other

development targets,

such as EFA

economic threat to efa
Economic Threat to EFA

EFA in poor nations has depended mainly on donor funding.

Developed nations are rethinking their expenditures – including international development.

They might honour commitments to EFA till 2015,

But what will happen after that?

slide4

Is the global financial crisis a wake-up call to reconsider approaches to EFA provision?

What strategies have low-income nations put in place to consolidate UPE gains and ensure EFA sustainability?

external funding for efa
External Funding for EFA

“Aid to basic education in low-income countries more than doubled between 2000 and 2004, but decreased significantly in 2005” UNESCO 2007, p.1).

external funding for efa1
External Funding for EFA
  • “Commitments to basic education increased from US$2.7 billion to US$5.1 billion in 2004 before declining to US$3.7 billion in 2005” (UNESCO 2007: P.3).
  • It is projected that if pledges are met, bilateral aid to basic education will likely reach US$5 billion a year in 2010, far below the US$11 billion a year required to reach the EFA goals
implication
Implication?

“…the years ahead will require unwavering political will to consistently ensure that education from early childhood onwards is a national priority, to engage governments, civil society and the private sector in creative partnerships, and to generate dynamic coordination and support from the international community” (Matsuura in UNESCO, 2007: i).

paper focus
Paper Focus

This paper is a synthesis of EFA data and National Development Plans of the four African countries participating in the Irish-African Partnership for Research Capacity Building (IAPRCB) with a view to examining their approach and progress towards EFA attainment and sustainability.

Malawi Mozambique Tanzania Uganda

progress towards efa globally some highlights
Progress towards EFA Globally – Some Highlights

According to the 2008 EFA Global Monitoring Report (UNESCO 2007, p.1):

  • primary school enrolments rose from 647 million to 688 million worldwide between 1999-2005, with an increment of 36% in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Out of the 129 countries, 51 have achieved or are close to achieving EFA.
  • 53 countries are in an intermediate position
  • 25 are far from achieving EFA as a whole.
what does the future hold
What does the future hold?

The economic recession raises the need to think beyond 2015 – it is not business as usual

Need to think of realistic and sustainable approaches to education provision

Possible to embark on what Takyi-Amoako (2009: p.1) has termed “an exit strategy out of development aid dependency”?

Rethinking beyond EFA to education that is for the qualitative growth of individuals who are able to impact meaningfully on their communities and contexts

back to the future a personal story
Back to the future? A personal Story

Would it help to strive for free Quality Higher Education?

So that parents have

something to look forward to?