the plateau continent n.
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Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Plateau Continent. Africa. Physical Features. Much of central Africa is a high, dry plateau Sahara – world’s largest desert Nile River – longest river in the world Lake Victoria – world’s second largest freshwater lake Lake Tanganyika – longest freshwater lake in the world.

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physical features
Physical Features
  • Much of central Africa is a high, dry plateau
  • Sahara – world’s largest desert
  • Nile River – longest river in the world
  • Lake Victoria – world’s second largest freshwater lake
  • Lake Tanganyika – longest freshwater lake in the world
climate zones
Climate Zones
  • What landform dominates Northern Africa?
  • What is the climate type found along the equator?
population density
Population Density
  • Largest Cities:
  • Cairo, Egypt
  • Lagos, Nigeria
  • 1. Where is most of the population concentrated in Egypt?
  • 2. Have you noticed a pattern in the northern part of Africa?
economic activity
EconomicActivity
  • What natural resource is found mainly in the southern part of Africa?
  • What land use dominates most of Africa?
  • What land use is the least common in Africa?
countries of africa
Countries oF Africa
  • 53 countries
  • Largest: Sudan
  • Smallest: Seychelles
  • At least 2,000 languages spoken in Africa
  • Swahili and Arabic are two of the most common languages
european colonialism
European Colonialism
  • Africa was divided up by 8 countries in Europe during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
  • Europeans wanted power and strategic advantage, exploited the resources of Africa, established settlements, and converted Africans to Christianity.
  • In general, Europeans took what they wanted from Africa with very little concern about the quality of life for Africans.
african independence
African Independence
  • Africans fought European imperialism since its beginnings, but this opposition gained strength after World War I and again after World War II.
  • Many Africans resented European presence.
  • Africans desired self-rule because they were generally treated as second-class citizens by Europeans.
  • The World Wars also demonstrated that Europeans were imperfect and raised questions about European racism.
  • Finally, many African soldiers were exposed to other places and they saw that European powers were weakened by the wars in Europe.
african independence1
African Independence
  • In 1945, many prominent leaders of Africa met in Manchester, England and drafted a resolution as an appeal to their colonial powers and a warning of what would come if this appeal was ignored.
  • By 1960, Africa had 27 independent states. That number grew to 39 six years later, and the number became 47 by 1975.
tribal traditions
Tribal traditions
  • Social life revolves around the extended family.
  • Extended families are linked to clans, kin groups, and tribes.
  • Religion and language is closely tied to the group that one joins by birth.
languages of africa
Languages of Africa
  • Niger-Congo: spoken by one out of every two Africans, spread by Bantu migrations
  • Afro-Asiatic: second-most-spoken on the continent, mainly in North Africa
  • Nilo-Saharan: western bend of the Niger River through the Sahel region into parts of east Africa
  • Khoisan: smallest number, found in Southern Africa, known as “the click languages”
  • Because there is usually such a wide variety of languages spoken in one country, trade languages, such as Swahili, Hausa, Fulani, and Creole have developed for cross-cultural communication.
agriculture
Agriculture
  • Africa is largely a rural continent.
  • Many young Africans are moving to the cities to find work, however, many Africans stay in the rural villages and practice subsistence farming and livestock raising.
religion
Religion
  • 46 % are Christian (mainly in West, East, Central, and Southern Africa)
  • 40% are Muslim (mainly in North and West Africa)
  • Over 100 million practice indigenous religions