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DEHYDRATION of FRUITS and VEGETABLES in Turkey. Assoc.Prof.Dr. Güner ÖZAY Aylin SEYLAM KÜŞÜMLER. Improvement of Turkish dried fruit and vegetable industry. Availability of almost all kind of fruits and vegetables Affirmative environmental conditions Growth of fruit and vegetables

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Dehydration of fruits and vegetables in turkey

DEHYDRATION of FRUITS and VEGETABLES in Turkey

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Güner ÖZAY

Aylin SEYLAM KÜŞÜMLER

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Improvement of turkish dried fruit and vegetable industry
Improvement of Turkish dried fruit and vegetable industry

  • Availability of almost all kind of fruits and vegetables

  • Affirmative environmental conditions

  • Growth of fruit and vegetables

    in ample quantities and in

    highest quality

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


The vegetable and fruit drying plants are generally located in the aegean and marmara regions
The vegetable and fruit drying plants are generally located in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Regional agricultural output of turkey
Regional Agricultural Output of Turkey in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


25 28 apr 2003

Close in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Dried fruit production
Dried Fruit Production in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Turkey realizes about 22.1 % of the total apricot production of the world. Half of the crops are produced in the Central Eastern Anatolian Region.

  • Turkey is among the five major producers of grape throughout the world.

  • In Turkey, there are 1 200 different types of grapes, seedless “Yuvarlak and Sultani” are the main varieties used for raisin.

  • Seedless raisin is grown in Aegean region in an area of 70 000 ha.

  • Many fig varieties grown in Turkey, but main variety is “Sari lop” intensively grown in İzmir and Aydın provinces of the Aegean Region.

  • Annual production of dried figs is 45-55 thousand tons which equals to 50-55% of the total world production.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Turkish fresh and dried apricot production by years tons
Turkish Fresh and Dried Apricot Production by years (Tons) in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Turkish raisin production by years
Turkish Raisin Production by years in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Source:Aegean Exporters Unions

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Turkish dried fig production by years
Turkish Dried Fig Production by years in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


25 28 apr 2003

Turkish Hazelnut Production by years in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Source: State Institute of Statistics

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Turkish organic production by years
Turkish Organic Production by years in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Source: Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Dehydrated fruit export
Dehydrated fruit export in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • In 2001, 30 460 000 $

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Dried apricot exports to top ten countries
Dried apricot exports to top-ten countries in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • USA main customer

    (21.1 % of total exports)

  • Most important markets (59.1%);

    • England

    • Germany

    • France

    • Russian Federation

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Turkish dried apricots exports by years
Turkish Dried Apricots Exports by Years in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Source: Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Raisin exports to top ten countries
Raisin exports to top-ten countries in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • EU main customer

    (62.6 % of total exports)

  • Most important markets;

    • UK

    • Germany

    • The Netherlands

    • Italy

    • Bel-Luxs

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Turkish raisin exports by years
Turkish Raisin Exports by Years in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Source : Undersecretariat For Foreign Trade

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Dried fig exports to top ten countries
Dried fig exports to top-ten countries in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • EU main customer

    (77 % of total exports)

  • Most important markets;

    • France

    • Germany

    • Italy

    • Switzerland

    • Israel

38.2% of exports

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Turkish dried figs exports by years
Turkish Dried Figs Exports by Years in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Source: Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Dried hazelnut exports to top ten countries
Dried hazelnut exports to top-ten countries in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Turkey supplying 80% of the world’s hazelnut exports.

  • EU main customer

    (over 80% of total exports)

  • Most important markets;

    • Germany (35%)

    • Italy

    • France

    • Bel-Luxs

    • The Netherlands

    • Switzerland

    • UK

    • Austria

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Turkish hazelnut exports by years
Turkish Hazelnut Exports by Years in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Source : Undersecretariat For Foreign Trade

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


25 28 apr 2003

Source : İstanbul Exporter Union in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

THEMATIC NETWORK

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Turkish organic product exports by years
Turkish Organic Product Exports by Years in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Dehydrated vegetable production
Dehydrated vegetable production in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • 7 000 tons %15 increase

    in 2000 in 2001

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Dried vegetable production
Dried vegetable production in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Main dehydrated vegetables produced in Turkey are;

    • tomatoes,

    • mushrooms,

    • leeks,

    • carrots,

    • potatoes,

    • garlic,

    • cauliflower,

    • squash,

    • peas,

    • sweet corn,

    • okra etc.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Dried vegetable production1
Dried vegetable production in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Dried vegetables are produced in various forms such as flaked, sliced, granulated and in powder.

  • Organic dried vegetables such as tomatoes and mushrooms are also produced in Turkey.

  • Dried vegetables are used in the production of instant soups, sauces, dressings, sauces, ready meals, prepared products, baby food, dairy products, ready pasta dishes and pasta sauces, microwave dishes and some meat and fish products.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Export of dehydrated vegetables
Export of Dehydrated Vegetables in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • The biggest share in the exports of dehydrated vegetables belongs to tomatoes whose quality is known today worldwide to all importers.

  • Mushrooms and leeks are the other major export items.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Export values for dried vegetables
Export values for dried vegetables in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • USA main customer (26.2 % of total exports)

  • Most important markets;

    • Germany (16.7%)

    • UK (12.1%)

    • Italy (11.7%)

    • Austria (9%)

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Export of dehydrated vegetables by years q tons v 1000 us
Export of Dehydrated Vegetables by Years in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.(Q: Tons, V: 1000 US $)

Source: Aegean Exporters’ Union

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Number of factories
Number of Factories in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • In Turkey, although there is not exact data about dried fruit and vegetable producing factory, it is assumed that the amount of them is > 100.

  • Some companies have specialised in the production of dried fruit and vegetables, whereas others offer these products in their assortment of food products.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Most important trade marks and products
Most important trade marks and products in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Seb-Kur

  • Established in 1973

  • Area: 20.000 m2 inside and 150.000 m2 outside

  • Products;

    • dried tomatoes

    • parsley

    • onion

    • pepper

    • leek

    • other spices

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Kfc safe fruit corporation
KFC (Safe Fruit Corporation) in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Established in İzmir (Menemen), as Turkish Dutch joint venture

  • In 1997, SFC has started supplying Mars Confectionary

  • In 1999, export values; 14.000 tons of Sultanas, 3.000 tons of figs, 1.500 tons of apricots

  • In 2000, Celepler Group bought the Dutch party and increased main capital to 3.800.000 US $

  • Approved by many companies like Marks and Spencer, Krafts Jacobs, Tesco, United Biscuits

  • Machinery; Bosch packaging lines with Ishida weighers, Roxema machinery for Block Bottom packages with zipper

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Brands of sfc
Brands of (SFC) in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Products of sfc
Products of SFC in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Sultanas

  • Apricots

  • Figs

  • Tomatoes

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Osman ak a s a
OSMAN AKÇA S.A. in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • established in 1955, in İzmir

  • supplies a big range of bulk and retail dried fruits to all major users around the world

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Osman ak a s a1
OSMAN AKÇA S.A. in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Products; figs, sultanas, apricots

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Clarke dried fruit
CLARKE DRIED FRUIT in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Settled since 40 years in İzmir

  • Products;

    • apricots,

    • figs

    • fig paste

  • Agents settled in

    • Canada, Argentina,

    • Brazil, UK, Ireland,

    • Italy, France

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Franco fruits
FRANCO FRUITS in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Established in 1952, in İzmir

  • Annual export values; 3 500 tons of dried figs, 1 000 tons of dried apricots (in 1997)

  • products; apricots, figs, sultanas, sour cherry in bulks or in packages

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Gabay
GABAY in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • established in 1962, in Aydın

  • Area; 7 000 m2

  • seasonal capacity of 5 000 tons of

  • dried figs and 2 000 tons of dried apricots

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


F gsan
FİGSAN in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • established in 1986, in İzmir

  • factory area; 4 000 m2

  • Equipment :4 lines of Spice milling and cleaning,  2 lines of packaging,  2 line of Dicing

  • Products;

    • Dried fruits (figs, cherries, peaches, pine nuts)

    • Sun-dried tomatoes

  • Trade Marks : Elephant Brand, Rainbow

  • Export markets;

    • US, Europe, Japan, South Africa, South America, Far East, Middle East

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Capo foods
CAPO FOODS in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • established in 1988, in Pamukova-Adapazarı

  • during the season 1995/1996, processed about 4 500 tons of fresh vegetables harvested from contracted cultivations

  • mainly supply the European soup and spices industry

  • nearly all the production is exported to Germany

  • other European countries are being delivered from the partners in Germany

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Capo foods1
CAPO FOODS in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Products;

    • Eggplant

    • Cauliflower

    • Leek

    • Broccoli

    • Paprika

    • Asparagus

    • Tomatoes

    • Zucchini

    • Chives

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Sundora
SUNDORA in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • established in Izmir in 1994

  • factory area; 7500 m2

  • hygienically process up to 8000 tons of bulk apricots, figs and chopped products

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Sundora1
SUNDORA in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Products;

    • Apricots

    • Figs

    • Prunes

    • Dates

    • Peaches

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Ethem zsoy
ETHEM ÖZSOY in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • established in 1947

  • Products,

    • Tomatoes

    • Apricots

    • Figs

    • Sultana raisins

    • Caramelized raisins

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Pagysa
PAGYSA in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Since 1821

  • Products;

    • Sultanas (capacity; 15,000 tons/year)

    • Apricots (8,000 tons/year)

    • Figs (2,500 tons/year)

    • Tomatoes (2,000 tons/year)

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Most important companies in hazelnut production
Most important companies in hazelnut production in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Oltan

  • Gürsoy

  • Balsu

  • Cargill

  • Karin

  • Progıda

  • Arslantürk

  • Gürbüz

  • Poyraz Karlıbel

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Most important companies in hazelnut export in 2002
Most important companies in in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.hazelnut export (in 2002)

Source: Black Sea Exporter Unions

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Other important companies
Other important companies in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

Balsu;

  • Established in İstanbul in 1986

  • Controls over 18% of the annual Turkish hazelnut kernel export.

  • An annual roasting capacity over 50 000 MT

  • Products;

    • Natural

    • Blanched

    • Manufactured

    • Roasted

    • Hazelnut paste

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Karin
Karin in the Aegean and Marmara Regions.

  • Factory area: 35 000 m2 in Çorlu

  • Karin Foods is a global supplier of roasted hazelnuts and hazelnut products.

  • Karin produces for leading brands in the confectionary industry including Cadbury, Cantalou, Danone, Kraft-Suchard, Mars, Nestle and Unilever.

  • processes over 10.000 tons of hazelnut products annually.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


25 28 apr 2003
Technology and machinery acquisition, local producers, engineering services for installation and maintenance

  • Turkish dried fruit and vegetable producers and exporters are highly equipped to meet the specifications of end-users such as colour, grade, cut, allowable levels of extraneous matter and bacteria count, moisture content, packaging and storage requirements, etc.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


25 28 apr 2003
Technology and machinery acquisition, local producers, engineering services for installation and maintenance

  • Although there exist some local producers of machines, in some big factories it is preferred to construct the high-technology machines from EU especially Italy.

  • Some of these foreign companies have representatives in Turkey and they give technical support and training to the personnel in drying factories.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


25 28 apr 2003
Institutional support to the drying industry; research institutions, experimental plants; extension services; laboratories; associations

  • There exits many food engineering, food technology departments in the Universities including programmes on food preservation, packaging, and drying.

  • Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health (with labs and research institutes)

  • There exists some private institutions and little governmental laboratories give technical advice and experimental support to the drying industry.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


25 28 apr 2003
Institutional support to the drying industry; research institutions, experimental plants; extension services; laboratories; associations

  • TUBITAK-MRC FSTRI, an applied research institute, provides R&D studies, consultancy and training.Pilot plant with a quite rich machinery park, has the facilities for pilot scale applications for unit processes applied within the food industry.

  • Almost all type of foodstuffs including dehyrated foods can be produced at the pilot plant.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


25 28 apr 2003
Institutional support to the drying industry; research institutions, experimental plants; extension services; laboratories; associations

  • Our pilot plant is open to the use of industry at its capacity.

  • Some projects about drying; Improvement of processing conditions & qualities of major Turkish export food, dried apricots, figs and raisins; NATO-SfS, German Technical Cooperation Organization

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Solar tunnel dryer
Solar Tunnel Dryer institutions, experimental plants; extension services; laboratories; associations

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


25 28 apr 2003
Institutional support to the drying industry; research institutions, experimental plants; extension services; laboratories; associations

  • Safety and quality of the dehydrated food should be controlled by laboratories, especially accreditated ones. In this respect, the accreditation has been granted to the laboratories ofTUBITAK-MRC Food Science & Technology Research Institute against ISO/IEC 17025:1999 (including SO2 analysis).

  • Other related organisations are: Undersecretariat of Customs (export/import); Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade (Foreign Trade Policy, harmonisation with EU legislation), Local Municipalities (local inspection food sale places), Unions of Agricultural Co-Operatives for the Sales of Figs, Raisins, Cotton, Olive and Olive Oil.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Dried fruit and vegetables regulations
Dried Fruit and Vegetables Regulations institutions, experimental plants; extension services; laboratories; associations

  • Although there exist some standards and specifications published by Turkish Standart Institute, there is not any regulation about dried fruit and vegetables in Turkish Food Codex.

  • Dried fruit and vegetables exports from Turkey is controlled by the Government to ensure compliance with the standards.

  • Two important quality criteria of dried fruit and vegetables are moisture and SO2 which should not exceed 2000 ppm for apricot, fig and raisin.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Ministerial department responsible for official register and control
Ministerial department responsible for official register and control

  • The Turkish food industry and food imports are primarily regulated by three related laws and regulations; the June 2, 1995 Turkish Food Law, the November 16, 1997 Turkish Food Codex, and the June 8, 1998 Food Regulation.

  • The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA), General Directorate of Protection and Control, has primary responsibility for production, import, and food safety issues regarding food, and packaging material, including dehydrated products.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP


Ministerial department responsible for official register and control1
Ministerial department responsible for official register and control

  • In Turkey, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) inspects all food products.

  • HACCP system is an obligation of TFC for primarily easily perishable food processing plants.

  • ISO 9000 certification is widespreadly applied in the industry.

  • Ministry of Health is responsible for registration of food companies prior to launching the production; production permission is granted by MARA.

  • Food Factories are subjected to periodical quality checks and audits by the Inspectors from local Municipal Councils/Ministry of Health to ensure that packed foods strictly conform to the specified or approved quality standards.

THEMATIC NETWORK

SECOND WORKSHOP