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Emergence of Transregional Networks of Communication and Exchange. With the increase of trade; demand and localized trade networks develop. Land and Water trade routes. Eurasian Silk Road Trans-Saharan Caravan routes Indian Ocean Sea lanes Mediterranean Sea Lanes.

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Emergence of Transregional Networks of Communication and Exchange


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    1. Emergence of Transregional Networks of Communication and Exchange With the increase of trade; demand and localized trade networks develop

    2. Land and Water trade routes • Eurasian Silk Road • Trans-Saharan Caravan routes • Indian Ocean Sea lanes • Mediterranean Sea Lanes

    3. New Technology facilitates trade • Domesticated pack animals transport goods across longer routes • Yokes • Saddles • Stirrups • Animals include: Horses, Oxen, Llamas, and Camels

    4. Innovations in maritime technology • Lanteen sail • Dhow Ships

    5. Lanteen Sail Helped make use of the monsoon winds to travel faster

    6. Dhow Ships More streamlined

    7. New farming techniques • The qanat system- is a water management system used to provide a reliable supply of water for human settlements and irrigation in hot, arid and semi-arid climates. • Qanats are constructed as a series of well-like vertical shafts, connected by gently sloping tunnels. Qanats tap into subterranean water in a manner that efficiently delivers large quantities of water to the surface without need for pumping.

    8. Qanat System of irrigation Series of Shafts and tunnels

    9. Effects of disease Roman Empire Chinese Empire • The Antonine Plague, AD 165–180 caused up to 2,000 deaths a day in Rome, one quarter of those infected.[3] Total deaths have been estimated at five million.[4] The disease killed as much as one-third of the population in some areas and decimated the Roman army.[5] • Epidemic disease came later to China than to Rome but still had the same negative impact on classical Chinese society.