Types of Literary Criticism. Formalist/ Close Reading. Concentrate on how the words on the page produce meaning and disregard anything but the text itself as relevant to reading and interpretation.
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the secrets of human nature,
the moral lessons literature
relative, this perspective is
culture of former colonies and the
consequences of imperial
(ex. England) expansion.
who proposed a model of history
in which economic and political
conditions determine social
stemming from the rise of capitalism.
1- The unconscious: the iceberg which
contains the hidden, repressed desire
of life can be released through
2- dreams: latent content is the real
desire; manifest content is the
remembered, reported dream- in
literature, the manifest is the plot; the latent is the true meaning of the author ( the unconscious) which the reader ( a psychoanalytic critic) can uncover.
3- Id ( pleasure principle) –ego-superego ( reality principle): sometimes characters can take these roles ( always symbolic).
4- Oedipal complex ( internalization of one’s father-manifests itself in guilt): can influence a character’s action; perhaps they can relate to thematic elements.
experiences, images with the
entire human race, resulting in
archetypes that affect how people
respond to life-when certain
images are in literature, they call up
one’s archetypal feelings.