by adeel sankeeth and sen n.
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By: Adeel , Sankeeth , and Sen. Alkanes and Aromatics. Types of Reactions. Alkanes. Aromatics. Substitution Reaction Halogenation (Halogen) Nitration (HNO 3) Alkylation (Alkyl Halides). Substitution Reactions UV or heat as catalyst Product formed is always halogenated alkane

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types of reactions
Types of Reactions

Alkanes

Aromatics

Substitution Reaction

Halogenation (Halogen)

Nitration (HNO3)

Alkylation (Alkyl Halides)

  • Substitution Reactions
    • UV or heat as catalyst
    • Product formed is always halogenated alkane
  • Combustion Reaction
alkane reactions
Alkane Reactions

Combustion Reaction:

Substitution Reaction:

aromatic reactions
Aromatic Reactions

Nitration:

Alkylation:

Halogenation:

practical and industrial uses
Practical and Industrial Uses

Alkanes

Aromatics

Earlier Uses:

After shave lotion

Industrial solvent for degreasing metals

Current Uses:

Intermediate to make other chemicals (eg. Ethylbenzene, cyclohexane)

Small amounts used to make rubbers, lubricants, dyes, detergents, drugs, and explosives.

  • Used as fuels
    • 1-4C: heating and cooking purposes
    • 5-8C: serve as fuels for internal combustion engines
    • 9-16C: diesel and aviation fuel
    • 16+C: lubricating oil and fuel oil
environmental impact
Environmental Impact

AROMATICS

  • Air Pollution
  • Water,Marine Life
  • Plants, Roots, Crops
  • Photochemical Smog

ALKANES

  • Air Pollution
  • Greenhouse Gas Effect
  • Acidic Rain
    • Plants
    • Fish
    • Wildlife
    • Structural Damage
summary of alkanes
Summary of Alkanes
  • 2 Reaction types : Combustion and Substitution
  • Industrial use : Fuels
    • Heating and cooking
    • Internal combustion engines fuel
    • Diesel and aviation
    • Lubricating oil and fuel oil
  • Environmental Impact
    • Air Pollution
    • Greenhouse Gas Effect
    • Acidic Rain (Fish, Wildlife, Plants, Structural Damage)
summary of aromatics
Summary of Aromatics
  • 3 Reaction types : Nitration, Alkylation, Halogenation
  • Industrial Use
    • After shave lotion
    • Degreasing metal solvent
    • Rubbers, explosives, detergents, lubricants, dyes, and drugs.
    • Chemical creation intermediate (cyclohexane).
  • Environmental Impact
    • Air pollution
    • Photochemical Smog
    • Plants, Roots, Crops
    • Water, Marine Life
quiz were you paying attention
Quiz: Were you paying attention?
  • The following is an example of a(n)
    • A) Aromatic
    • B) Alkane
    • C) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Peroxide
quiz were you paying attention1
Quiz: Were you paying attention?
  • The following is an example of :

Hint: Rhymes with filtration

quiz were you paying attention2
Quiz: Were you paying attention?
  • What are two industrial uses of Aromatics?

Hint:

quiz were you paying attention3
Quiz: Were you paying attention?
  • Alkanes use ______ or ________ as a catalyst in substitution reactions.

Hint:

quiz were you paying attention4
Quiz: Were you paying attention?
  • Which of the following are the types of reactions experienced in Aromatics?
    • A) Halogenation, Nitration, Alkylation
    • B) Combustion, Nitration, Alkylation
    • C) Combustion, Combustion, Combustion
    • D) All of the Above
    • E) D
    • F) E