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Vital Mission Ending Homelessness Among Veterans. Methodology. Analyzed Veterans Affairs CHALENG dataset Data has limitations should be used as rough guidelines, not precise estimates. Analyzed Census Bureau American Community Survey All confidence intervals are 90 percent level

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vital mission ending homelessness among veterans
Vital Mission

Ending Homelessness Among Veterans

methodology
Methodology

Analyzed Veterans Affairs CHALENG dataset

  • Data has limitations should be used as rough guidelines, not precise estimates.

Analyzed Census Bureau American Community Survey

  • All confidence intervals are 90 percent level
  • Bivariate analysis for differences among veterans
far too many veterans are homeless
Far too many veterans are homeless

Approximately,

336,00 over the

course of the year

In 2006.

Number has not changed dramatically -

194,000 2005

Veterans make up approximately 26 percent of the homeless population, but only 11 percent of adults over 18

causes of homelessness among veterans
Causes of Homelessness Among Veterans

Primary driver: lack of affordable housing

  • Veterans have additional obstacles:
    • Physical health and disability – Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
    • Mental health and substance abuse - PTSD
    • High occupation demands
    • Overseas for long periods
    • Employment and Skills Transfer
    • VA Service Capacity and Service Utilization
chronic homelessness conservative estimate
Chronic Homelessness Conservative Estimate

44,000 to 66,000

Total Homeless Veterans 195,827

Source: GAO estimate and author’s tabulations

rising concern about female veterans 2 to 4 times more likely than nonveterans
Rising Concern About Female Veterans2 to 4 times more likely than nonveterans
  • Women will make up 10 percent of veterans by 2010
  • At high risk of homelessness, sexual assault and victimization, which is linked to PTSD
  • 63,594 female veterans face severe rent burden; more likely to have rent burden than male counterparts

Photo take by Dottie Guy

rising concern about iraq and afghanistan veterans
Rising Concern about Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans
  • Early reports of requests for housing and services
  • Very little data available; 400 homeless?
  • High rates of PTSD and TBI
  • Impact of all volunteer force?
  • 8 percent of renters

have severe rent burden

veterans are generally well housed
Veterans Are Generally Well-Housed

Source: Author’s tabulations of ACS 2005

but there is a subset of veterans with risk factors for homelessness
But There is a Subset of Veterans with Risk Factors for Homelessness

89,553 to 467,877

Source: Author’s tabulations of ACS 2005

solutions research points towards affordable housing
Solutions: Research points towards affordable housing
  • Supported housing (HUD-VASH)
  • Rental assistance
  • Prevention
ending homelessness among veterans
Ending Homelessness Among Veterans
  • Risk assessment process homelessness prevention pilot program
  • Permanent supportive housing (housing linked with services) by 25,000
  • Veterans housing vouchers by 20,000
  • Create a shallow housing subsidy program for veterans with rent burden

Cost Estimate

$6.4 billion

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Vital Mission

Ending Homelessness Among Veterans

November 2007

Mary Cunningham

Meghan Henry

Webb Lyons

www.endhomelessness.org