POLITICS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY. Problem. Importance of Energy; Two main energy sources; Renewable Sources Non-renewable Sources Problems of Energy Pollution Population Problem Reserve Problem Sustainable Development . Energy.
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Politics of Renewable Energy
NATIONAL POLITICS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
INTERNATIONAL POLITICS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
Ref: Michael Durstewitz– Handbook of Energy Efficiency and Renewable energy
In total, 5.1% or 131 TWh of Germany’s end energy supply for electricity, heat, and transportation was provided with renewable energy sources.
FIGURE 2.3 Total and share of wind energy to reduction of CO2 emissions in Germany. (From Durstewitz, et al., Wind Energy Report Germany, 2005, ISET, Germany, 2005.)
Renewable energy devices and systems have become increasingly more visible during the last two decades, and power generation from renewable sources is also increasing.
China recently announced an increase in their renewable energy share (including large hydro) of primary energy (excluding traditional biomass) from 7 to 15% by 2020.
Ref: Debra Lew – Handbook of Energy Efficiency and Renewable energy
a. Law concerning the development and promotion of Oil Alternative Energy (Alternative Energy Law).
b. Long-term energy supply/demand outlook.
c. Enactment of “Law Concerning Special Measures for Promotion of New Energy Use, etc., (New Energy Law)” enacted in April 1997.
d. Government support system for the domestic introduction of new energy.
e. Promotion of international cooperation related to new energy.
One encouraging sign, for instance, is the rapid expansion of wind power in Denmark and Germany in only a few years, or the electrification of a growing number of villages in developing countries using solar power.
The European Commission (EC) White Paper on Renewable Energy Sources sets out a comprehensive strategy and action plan to achieve the ambitious goal of doubling the renewables’ share of the European Union’s total energy supply, from 6 per cent to 12 per cent, by 2010.
The reinforcement of policies, such as agricultural and rural policy, regional policy, and internal market measures in the regulatory and fiscal areas, affecting market penetration of renewables.
The strengthening of co-operation between EU member states along with measures to facilitate investment and information dissemination. This is crucial to the security and diversification of energy supply in the future, environmental protection and social and economic cohesion.
A report commissioned by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) says that renewable energy is making a difference in the fight against global warming and that we need more of it. In fact, renewable energy is the best way to cut carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
Unlike the promises of future technologies like “cleaner” coal or mainstream carbon sequestration, renewable energy is the best option to mitigate global warming because it is here, now, and making an impact.