advanced english
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Advanced English

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 47

Advanced English - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 288 Views
  • Uploaded on

Advanced English. Lvhong English Department R-516 [email protected] 82066873. Unit 2. Marrakech by George Orwell . Teaching Points. I. Background knowledge II. Introduction to the passage III. Text Analysis IV. Rhetorical devices V. Questions. 1. Background Knowledge.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Advanced English' - sasha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
advanced english
Advanced English

Lvhong

English Department R-516

[email protected]

82066873

unit 2
Unit 2

Marrakech

byGeorge Orwell

teaching points
Teaching Points
  • I. Background knowledge
  • II. Introduction to the passage
  • III. Text Analysis
  • IV. Rhetorical devices
  • V. Questions
1 background knowledge
1. Background Knowledge
  • 1.        George Orwell
  • 2.        Morocco
  • 3.        Marrakech
  • 4.        The Jewish people
george orwell1
George Orwell
  • George Orwell (pen name)
  • Eric Arthur Blair (1903 – 1950)
  • British novelist and essayist
george orwell2
George Orwell
  • Orwell was famous for his political satires.
  • He was an uncompromising individualist and political idealist.
  • Orwell argued that writers have an obligation of fighting social injustice, oppression, and the power of totalitarian regimes.
george orwell3
George Orwell
  • Masterpiece:
  • ANIMAL FARM (1945)
  • NINETEEN EIGHTY-FOUR (1949)
morocco
Morocco
  • Location:
  • In North Africa, on the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, Morocco is the farthest west of all the Arab countries.
  • Capital: Rabat
  • Population: about 18,000.000
marrakech
Marrakech
  • Location:
  • In west central Morocco, at the Northern foot of the high Atlas. 130 miles south of Casablanca, the chief seaport.
  • It is the principal commercial centers of Morocco.
  • It has extremely hot summers but mild winters.
marrakech1
Marrakech
  • Marrakech is not only a fantastic city, it is also a symbol of the Morocco that once was, and which still survives here. The streets of the old and pink city have been too narrow to allow the introduction of cars, and tourists searching for the "real" Morocco have turned the medieval structures of Marrakech into good business.
ii introduction to the passage
II. Introduction to the Passage
  • 1. Type of literature:
  • --- a piece of exposition
  • 2. The purpose of a piece of exposition:
  • --- to inform or explain
introduction to the passage
Introduction to the Passage
  • 3. Ways of developing the thesis of a piece of exposition:
  • --- comparison
  • --- contrast
  • --- analogy
  • --- identification
  • --- illustration
  • --- analysis, definition, etc.
introduction to the passage1
Introduction to the Passage
  • 4.  The thesis:
  • Orwell denounces the evils of colonialism or imperialism.
  • “ All colonial empires are in reality founded upon that fact.” (P.3)
introduction to the passage2
Introduction to the Passage
  • 5. The main ideas:
  • In this essay Orwell denounces the evils of colonialism by mercilessly exposing the poverty, misery and degradation of the native people in the colonies.
introduction to the passage3
Introduction to the Passage
  • Orwell shows poverty in 5 ways:
  • 1. the burial of the poor inhabitants
  • 2. An Arab Navvy begging for bread
  • 3. The miserable lives of the Jews
  • 4. Cultivation of the poor soil
  • 5. The old women carrying firewood
iii text analysis
III. Text Analysis
  • 1. making effective use of specific verbs
  • 2. using the methods of contrast, illustration, comparison, etc.
  • 3.  clever choice of words and scenes and tenses
effective use of verbs
effective use of verbs
  • 1. Thread in “The little crowd of mourners…threaded their way across the market…” (P.2)
  • 2. Rise, sweat, starve, sink in “ They rise out of the earth, they sweat and starve for a few years…” (P. 3)
  • 3. Sidle in “An Arab navvy …sidled slowly towards us” (P.6)
effective use of verbs1
effective use of verbs
  • 4. Grope in “Even a blind man…groping in the air with his hand” (P.10)
  • 5. Mummify in “all of them are mummified with age and the sun” (P.19)
  • 6. Hobble in “…the file of old women had hobbled past…” (P.20)
  • 7. Tip in “…its master tips it into the ditch”
  • (P.20)
choice of words
choice of words
  • 1. Wailing a short chant over and over again (p.2)
  • 2. An Arab navvy working on the path nearby (P.6)
  • 3. He stowed it gratefully (P.7)
  • 4. His left leg is warped out of shape (P.9)
  • 5. As the Jews live in a self-contained community (P.11)
choice of words1
choice of words
  • 6. The plough is a wretched wooden thing (P.18)
  • 7. All of them are mummified with age and the sun (P. 19)
  • 8. Their splendid bodies were hidden in reach-me-down khaki uniforms (P.23)
  • 9. So had the officers on their sweating chargers (P. 26)
new words
New words
  • Pomegranate
  • Chant
  • Bier
  • Hack
  • Oblong
  • Hummocky
  • Derelict
new words1
New words
  • Undifferentiated
  • Mound
  • Prickly
  • Nibble
  • Navvy
  • Stow
  • ghetto
new words2
New words
  • Warp
  • Clamour
  • Grove
  • Desolate
  • Fodder
  • Yoke
  • harrrow
new words3
New words
  • Trickle
  • Hobble
  • Gut
  • Plight
  • Squash
  • Syphilis
  • garrison
word formation
Word formation
  • 1. Burying-ground
  • 2. Gravestone
  • 3. mid-air
  • 4. Overcrowding
  • 5. Nine-tenths
word formation1
Word formation
  • 1. Burying-ground (verbal noun in –ing+noun)
  • Drinking cup
  • Hiding place
  • Diving board
  • Waiting room
  • Writing desk
  • Typing paper
word formation2
Word formation
  • 2. Gravestone (noun + noun)
  • Oilwell
  • Silkworm
  • Shirtsleeves
  • Girl-friend
  • Gaslight
  • Window-pane
word formation3
Word formation
  • 3. mid-air (adj + noun)
  • Half-brother
  • Black-market
  • Half-pay
  • Madman
  • Darkroom
  • hothouse
word formation4
Word formation
  • 4. Overcrowding (adv + verbal noun)
  • Dry-cleaning
  • Overeating
  • Oversleeping
  • Deep-freezing
  • Down-grading
  • Up-dating
word formation5
Word formation
  • 5. Nine-tenths (cardinal plus ordinal number)
  • One-fifth
  • Two-sixths
  • Three-eighths
  • One-ninth
iv rhetorical devices
IV. Rhetorical Devices
  • 1.        rhetorical questions
  • 2.        repetition
  • 3.        simile
  • 4.        elliptical sentences
rhetorical devices
Rhetorical Devices
  • 1. Rhetorical questions:
  • What does Morocco mean to a Frenchman? An orange grove or a job in Government service. Or to an Englishman? Camels, castles, palm trees…(P.17)
rhetorical devices1
Rhetorical Devices
  • 1. Rhetorical questions:
  • Are they really the same flesh as your self? Do they even have names? Or are they merely a kind of undifferentiated brown stuff, about as individual as bees or coral insects?…(P.3)
rhetorical devices2
Rhetorical Devices
  • Repetition:
  • But there is one thought which every white man thinks when he sees a black army marching past…Every white man there had this thought …I had it, so had the other onlookers, so had the officers on their sweating chargers and the white N.C .Os…

(P.25-26)

rhetorical devices3
Rhetorical Devices
  • Simile
  • Long limes of women, bent double like inverted capital Ls, work their way slowly across the field… (P.18)
  • And really it was like watching a flock of cattle to see the long column, a mile or two miles of armed men…(P.26)
special difficulties
Special Difficulties
  • 1. Making sentences more compact by proper subordination such as:
  • --- subordinate clauses
  • --- appositives
  • --- prepositional phrases
  • --- verbal phrases
v special difficulties
V. Special Difficulties
  • 2.  synonyms:
  • --wail, cry, weep, sob, whimper, moan
  • --glisten, glitter, flash, shimmer, sparkle
special difficulties1
Special Difficulties
  • 3.  Paraphrasing some sentences
  • (P.27)
  • The burying-ground is merely a huge waste of hummocky earth, like a derelict building-lot.
v questions
V. Questions
  • 1. Orwell shows the poverty of the natives in at least five ways. Identify them.
  • 2.  Could paragraphs 4-7 just as well come after 8-15 as before? Why or why not?
  • 3.  Does this essay give readers a new insight into imperialism?
  • 4. Comment on Orwell’s lucid style and fine attention to significant descriptive details.
ad