Lauren Kight Pd.1 • PSSA HELP!!
Hasty Generalization • To jump to the easiest, quickest, most obvious conclusion without enough examples to support it
Red Herring • Something that draws attention away from the central issue.
Appeal to Fear • a fallacy in which a person attempts to create support for his or her idea by increasing fear and prejudice toward a competitor.
False Cause • informal fallacy which is committed when an argument assumes a causal relationship without sufficient grounds.
Bandwagon • A cause or party that attracts increasing numbers of adherents
Prefixes • Mis - bad, badly • De - down, away • Dis - apart, not • Re - again, back • Un – not/reversal or cancellation of action or state
Suffixes • Able - able, can do • Ous - full of • Ment - act of, result • Ness - state of • Ful - full of
fallacy • A false or erroneous idea.
Denotation • The exact, literal dictionary definition of a word. Ex.) The denotation of the word home is simply "a place where one lives"
irony • method of expression in which the ordinary meaning of a word or situation is the opposite of the thought in the speaker's mind; when the opposite of what you expect to happen occurs.
parody • humorous imitation of a serious writing; to make fun of something by copying it. A parody follows the form of the original.
sarcasm • bitter, cutting remarks intended to hurt someone's feelings.
exaggeration • to stretch the truth, make something seem better or worse that it really is. Hyperbole, a exaggerated ridiculous comparison for effect, can also be used.
Ridicule • To make fun of something.
Pun • a humorous use of a word where it can have different meanings; a play on words with almost the same meaning. There is only one way to open the door and that is the key.”
allusion • a reference to a person, a place or event from a word of literature, myth, the Bible, history, sports, science, the arts, etc.
satire • using irony, sarcasm, ridicule, etc. in a literary composition to hold human vices, weaknesses, etc. up to ridicule; the author's purpose is to to encourage the correction of the weakness, etc.
Tips • Wake up • Eat the crappy breakfast the school gives to you • Listen to the crappy lectures they give you • Go to testing room • Listen to the teacher read the same directions everyday • DO NOT FALL ASLEEP (this might be really hard but just try to deal) • Go to get extra time to avoid your boring 4th period class • Have a nice rest of the day