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LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE IN HELSINKI CITY PLANNING CURRENT CHALLENGES. ” To be is to be in a place ” Edward S. Casey. Designing the environment is about interpretation of places and making places. ”Space allows movement, place is pause.” Yi-Fu Tuan 1979.

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landscape architecture in helsinki city planning current challenges

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE IN HELSINKI CITY PLANNINGCURRENTCHALLENGES

slide2

”To be is

to be in a place ”

Edward S. Casey

Designing the environment

is about interpretation of places and making places

”Space allows movement, place is pause.”

Yi-Fu Tuan 1979

“Place is a totality made up of concrete things that determine an environmental character, an atmosphere. Place is more than just a location. It is a qualitative, total phenomenon, which cannot be reduced to any of its properties without losing its concrete nature out of sight.”

Christian Norberg-Schulz

“We don’t live in ‘space’”.

J.J. Gibson

Place = lived space

Public space = a good place

slide3

Public spaces creating identifiability

MJK 6/05

MJK 6/05

MJK 6/01

Ref. Henry Hope Reed, Map of Central Park

slide4

Public spaces creating identifiability

MJK 9/00

Ref. McMillan Plan for Washington D.C 1901:

Kiinteistövirasto

MJK 6/03

Ref. Maamme kuvat

slide5

Green areas system as part of City Structure

Boston Emerald Necklace, Ref. Zaitzewsky 1982

Helsinki Green Fingers, City Planning Dept.

slide7

The Finnish3-step planning system

  • The Master plan is the overall scheme over land usage and traffic arrangements. The plan covers the whole city and directs planning on the more detailed level.
  • The Local plans examine the whole city more precisely than the Master plan. The Local plan contains planned locations for functions like living, work and recreation. The Local plan will later direct the more detailed plan for the area, the detailed plan level, which usually is carried out in zones.
  • The Detailed plan regulates for what purpose a certain piece of land can be used and how much can be built on it. The regulations also consider the height of buildings, the width of streets and other matters that will affect on the structure and the townscape of the area. The plan is submitted to the town council to reach legal validity.
slide8

CITY PLANNING DEPARTMENT Director of Planning Tuomas Rajajärvi

Strategic Urban Planning Division

Transportation and Traffic Planning Division

Administrative Division

Town Planning Division

slide9

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS IN CITY PLANNNING

Landscape planning in Helsinki is integrated within the land use planning process, both in master plan and detailed plan levels.

The Environmental Unit aims to create preconditions for a diverse living environment rich in recreational values.

We are responsible for a green areas strategy for the whole city.

Our primary concern is to bring forward and guard landscape related values in the city planning process, and to develop the green areas structure on these grounds.

The landscape architects have local knowledge, but also a holistic vision of the role of green areas in the city scale.

slide10

THE ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL UNIT IN THE PLANNING PROCESS

planning, design and expertise

PRODUCTS

Cultural heritage

historic buildings and

landscapes

Landscape

features, space, image, structure

Green areas network, green corridors and connections

Areal entities of cultural and historic value

MP

Nature

ecology

Landscape surveys and plans

Nature surveys

Overall plans for green areas

EIA-surveys (landscape, nature, recreation)

Building preservation surveys and inventiories

Surveys and plans for historic milieus

Principles for development, building instructions

Expert services, statements etc.

Recreation

quantity, quality, accessibility and activites of green areas

LP

Values, zoning, needs

DP

Identification of valuable areas and objects

Definition of objectives

Creation and reassessment of alternatives

slide11

www.hel.fi/ksv > Town Planning > Master Planning > Master Plan 2002, see also titles City planning projects>Helsinkipuisto and Keskuspuisto

www.hel.fi/ksv/Mitä.../yleiskaava/yk2002/liittyvät raportit/selostus osa 2 s.28- (kpl 11.5. virkistysalueet)

landscape architecture competition for

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE COMPETITION FOR

ANNOUNCEMENT OF RESULTSCity of Helsinki

LÄNSISATAMANPUISTO PARK

KSV/Maria Jaakkola-Kivinen

slide15

JÄTKÄSAARI

SUOMENLINNA

PIHLAJASAARET

slide23

KILPAILUALUEEN RAJAUS

20.6.-30.9. 2005, 42 entries

slide24

landforming/land art

long vistas

Landscape objectives

modern, maritime

aesthetic quality

artistic entity

Functional objectives

diversity

flexibility

seasons and users

feasibility

integration

winteruse

water feature

bordering and entrances

lighting

accessibility

identity

a work of art

functional park

slide45

”Back to basics”

Basic elements:

1. Pedestrian axes; monumental and functional

2. Powerful water feature

3. Series of thematic gardens

- southern square at the cutting edge/intersection/encounter spot of these

Basic concept:

Express and make visible the dynamics of the place

slide48

3-dimensional water in all of its states and forms

’memory’, relics and reminiscence of history