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Baron de Montesquieu. By Kat Staley, Jamie Shirtz and Kaitie Hess. Biography. Born Jan. 18, 1689 in La Brede, France to a wealthy family Sent to Tully, near Paris to receive a classical education Became lawyer Marries Jeanne de Latrigue and recieves great wealth

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baron de montesquieu

Baron de Montesquieu

By Kat Staley, Jamie Shirtz and Kaitie Hess

biography
Biography
  • Born Jan. 18, 1689 in La Brede, Franceto a wealthy family
  • Sent to Tully, near Paris to receive a classical education
  • Became lawyer
  • Marries Jeanne de Latrigue and recieves great wealth
  • Uncle dies, leaving him his title, fortune, and office
  • Publishes his work, including “Persian Letters” and “The Spirit of Laws”
  • Dies February 10 in Bordeaux
philosophical ideas
Philosophical Ideas

People Cannot Govern Themselves:

  • Solid government ruling over people
  • Freedom is the right to be left alone
  • England’s government was well off
philosophical ideas1
Philosophical Ideas

Humankind is Bad:

  • Savage without art or science
  • “Eat or be eaten”
  • Civilizations devour each other
beliefs in government
Beliefs in Government
  • Best form of government: one in which power is balanced among three groups of officials

-contributed checks and balances

1.) Executive - enforced laws- King, President

2.) Legislative - made laws- Parliament, Congress

3.) Judicial – interprets laws- Supreme Court, English Court

beliefs in government1
Beliefs in Government
  • Contributed New Ideas:

- political liberty- people have the right “to do what one should want to do, and not being forced to do what one should not want to do”

- laws are not divinely inspired-they evolved naturally out of life

- “the separation of power”: balancing power so one does not abuse it

affect on the revolution
Affect on the Revolution
  • Colonists struggling under taxes and restrictions
  • Beliefs quoted in the media to support colonists’ protest
  • Use model government and constitution to contradict English government
  • “They should be adapted in such a manner to the people for whom they are framed that it should be a great chance if those of one nation suit another”
work cited
Work Cited

Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu. Law Brain, 11 Dec. 2009. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://lawbrain.com/wiki/Baron_de_la_Br%C3%A8de_et_de_Montesquieu>.

“Charles de Montesquieu.” Liberal Internation. Liberal International, 2012. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://www.liberal- international.org/editorial.asp?ia_id=675>.

Montesquieu. Cartage, n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/biographies/mainbiographies/m/monte squieu/1.html>.

Schaub, Diana. “Montesquieu’s Popular Science.” The New Atlantis - Montesquieu. The Center for the Study of Technology and Society, 2008. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/montesquieus-popular-science>.

“Spirit of Laws - 1748.” Montesquieu, Natural Law, and Natural Rights. The Witherspoon Institute, 2012. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nlnrac.org/earlymodern/montesquieu/primary-source- documents>.