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T-DNA Mutagenesis . T ransfer-DNA Mutagenesis: a chemical or physical treatment that creates changes in DNA sequence which can lead to mutation strains that are passed on to the next generation. -PURPOSE:

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PowerPoint Slideshow about 'T-DNA Mutagenesis' - saniya


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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Transfer-DNA Mutagenesis:

a chemical or physical treatment that creates changes in DNA sequence which can lead to mutation strains that are passed on to the next generation.

slide3

-PURPOSE:

To create loss of function mutations in order to determine the function of a gene.

slide4

T-DNA Flanking Region

RB

T-DNA

LB

KAN

Pdi2

-HOW DOES THIS WORK:

Vector transmission by way of Agro plant is randomly inserted into the nuclei chromosomal sites.

slide5

-Agro?

Agrobacteria tumefaciens is a bacteria found on certain plants that were found to cause tumors on wounded plant areas. Found to contain Ti (Tumor inducing) plasmid that creates a mutation in the plants genomic sequence. The Ti plasmid’s ability to integrate itself into a DNA sequence was isolated and the tumor inducing quality was taken out.

slide6

-LOSS OF FUNCTION MUTATIONS:

is when a mutation is created in such a way that death does not occur so as to observe the effects on the plant by the loss of a certain gene. In other words, a gene is knocked out and the plant is grown and observed for any differences between the mutant strain and the control strain. Thus facilitating (understanding) the function of that knocked-out gene.

slide7

Pdi2 A

LB

T-DNA

Primer F1

Wild Type

R1 primer

T-DNA in the Arabidopsis Genome

T-DNA – from Ti plasmid in the Agrobacteria tumefaciens..

Uses the insertional quality to carry foreign genes into the plant genome.

slide8

T-DNA Flanking Region

RB

T-DNA

LB

KAN

Pdi2

-VALID TEST RESULTS:

To achieve valid data from the gel results. Homozygous cells must be used, not Heterozygous.

Genotype -

Segregation

slide9

-HOMOZYGOUS:

2 of the same (genes). On gel, homozygous will only produce one band on either the wild type control side or the T-DNA control side, not both. Needed for accurate results.

slide10

-HETEROZYGOUS:

different genes. On gel, will produce a band on both the WT control side and the T-DNA control side. Not used for verification of T-DNA.

slide11

-GEL ELECTROPHORESIS:

1. Verify if sample is homozygous, 2. Verify that T-DNA knockout is not there, 3. Verify that T-DNA is there and inserted.

WT A1 A2 TDNA+ - WT+ A1 A2 WT -

WT A1 A2 WT+ - WT A1 A2 TDNA+ -

slide14

Pdi2 A

LB

T-DNA

Primer F1

Wild Type

R1 primer

-disrupted genes do not make RNA. That function has been knocked out.

-F1 and R2 primer will make WT.

-F1 and LB primer will make T-DNA knockout.