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Comments on possible revisions to Criterion 6 Indicators Maintenance and enhancement of long-term socio-economic benefits to meet needs of societies Part 1 – Mission and a Holistic Framework. Ken Skog Peter Ince USDA Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory Madison, WI. Topics.

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ken skog peter ince usda forest service forest products laboratory madison wi

Comments on possible revisions to Criterion 6 IndicatorsMaintenance and enhancement of long-term socio-economic benefits to meet needs of societiesPart 1 – Mission and a Holistic Framework

Ken Skog

Peter Ince

USDA Forest Service

Forest Products Laboratory

Madison, WI

topics
Topics
  • Summary of comments on Criterion 6
  • Assumptions about C&I
  • Possible missions for C&I
  • How indicators relate to one another –
    • Latest science: the “systems” view
    • A working “holistic framework”
  • Ideas for additions/ changes
summary of comments
Summary of comments
  • Criterion 6 comments reflected a range of views about the mission of C&I in general
  • What is the mission of C&I?
  • Without a clear vision of the C&I mission, it will be difficult to recommend changes
assumptions
Assumptions
  • We need more clarity on the mission of C&I before we can advise changes to C&I
    • Some alternative missions shown next
  • Some C&I missions may require better definition of a “C&I system” (others may not)
  • The Roundtable Integrated Systems Group (IGS) has not completed a systems definition
  • Our view is that we need at least a working holistic framework, if not a more complex model of the forest system
possible mission for c i 1
Possible mission for C&I (#1)

1. Accelerate National Learning

  • With a learning focus, C&I contribute to popular scientific understanding, and enhance the awareness and insight provided to leadership and to the public. This is a communication mission—creating awareness and understanding prior to thinking.
  • It requires no agreement on goals, nor any agreement on the basic elements of the strategy to attain goals.

Source: Martha F. Riche, 2003, Developing Key National Performance Indicators,” GAO and National Academies Forum, Feb 2003

possible mission for c i 2
Possible mission for C&I (#2)

2. Assess National Position and Progress

  • Measure the position of our country and monitor progress for our citizens. This is a broad, constituent-focused mission.
  • C&I become largely descriptive indicator sets* that provide a basis for comparing progress in one country with other countries, and our current with our past status.
  • This requires a generally accepted or common vision and holistic frameworkthat helps uncover especially challenging problems and beneficial opportunities.

*For example – GDP, National Income and Product Accounts,

National productivity measures, etc.

possible mission for c i 3
Possible mission for C&I (#3)

3. Provide a Context for Policy or Program Evaluation

  • C&I would be an essential body of knowledge to use in assessing performance of particular policies, programs, or institutions.
  • For example, a well-articulated and highly developed set of indicators could provide a context for improved implementation of governmental performance initiatives (e.g. the Government Performance and Results Act, which requires Federal agencies to measure their performance in meeting agreed-upon goals).
  • This requires awell-grounded conceptual basis that integrates a wide variety of activities into an accountability framework. C&I would become a scorecard for government performance.
possible missions for c i 4
Possible missions for C&I (#4)

4. Systematically Guide Strategic Decisions

  • This mission has a policy integration focus, in that it combines policy indicators from a variety of sectors in a systems model that can guide policy choices by higher level decision makers.
  • This is a systems model that ensures integration by surfacing the interrelationships between different indicators.
  • This approach aims to answer relational questions (Why and How, not What or Whether), and responds to the growing perception amongst both experts and the public that interrelationships between economic, social, and environmental aspects of life are important and policies will have unanticipated effects if these interrelationships are not understood.
suggestions concerning missions
Suggestions concerning missions
  • It is feasible to focus on fulfilling missions 1. and 2.

1. Accelerate National Learning - a communication focus—fostering public awareness, understanding, and thinking

2. Assess Position and Progress - provide a basis for comparing progress (tracking over time is key)

  • It is less feasible to undertake missions 3 and 4

3. Provide a Context for Evaluation – C&I were not intended to be the basis for judging performance of specific programs

4. Guide Strategic Decisions via a systems model that ensures integration – At present, high level decision makers do not typically use systems models to identify/understand interrelationships among different indicators for policy development

  • Mission 2 assumes people bring a broad “holistic framework” that helps them create indicators
    • What can we draw from the draft IGS Conceptual framework?
slide11

Environmental Subsystem

Human Subsystem

Initial Environmental

Conditions

Initial Natural

Resource Capital

Initial Social Capacity

And Economic Capital

Initial Human

Conditions

Air, Water. Climate,

Plants, Animals

Soil, Microbes, Rocks

Biomass, Water,

Minerals

Economic Assets & Liabilities

Social Opportunities & Constraints

Values & Norms

Income, Health, Security

Land cover, land form and water flow alterations; Waste discharges; Biota transport

Investment,

Use of Goods

And Services

Underlying

Social And

Economic

Processes:

Underlying

Environmental

Processes:

Atmospheric

Hydrologic

Biologic/

Ecologic

Geologic

Processes Producing

Tangible Environmental

Outputs

Flow of Tangible

Environmental

Outputs

Extraction

Production of

Economic Goods

and Services

Processes Producing

Intangible Environmental

Attributes

Demographic,

Cultural,

Governance’

Legal,

Market,

Interaction,

Family,

Education

Flow of

Intangible Environ.

Attributes

Interaction with

Intangible Env.

Attributes

Processes Producing Tangible

Environmental Events

Flow of Tangible

Environmental

Events

Interaction with

Tangible Env.

Events

Land cover, land form and water flow alterations; Waste discharges; Biota transport

Air, Water. Climate

Plants, Animals

Soil, Microbes, Rocks

Biomass, Water,

Minerals

Economic Assets & Liabilities

Social Opportunities & Constraints

Values & Norms

Income, Health, Security

New Natural

Resource Capital

New Environmental

Conditions

New Social Capacity

And Economic Capital

New Human

Conditions

Tier 2 – ISG Conceptual Framework

slide12

Environmental Subsystem

Human Subsystem

Initial Environmental

Conditions

Initial Natural

Resource Capital

Capital/ capacity

Initial Social Capacity

And Economic Capital

Initial Human

Conditions

Air, Water. Climate,

Plants, Animals

Soil, Microbes, Rocks

Biomass, Water,

Minerals

Economic Assets & Liabilities

Social Opportunities & Constraints

Values & Norms

Income, Health, Security

Land cover, land form and water flow alterations; Waste discharges; Biota transport

Investment,

Use of Goods

And Services

Underlying

Social And

Economic

Processes:

Underlying

Environmental

Processes:

Atmospheric

Hydrologic

Biologic/

Ecologic

Geologic

Suggested focus areas

Benefits/ values

Processes Producing

Tangible Environmental

Outputs

Flow of Tangible

Environmental

Outputs

Extraction

Production of

Economic Goods

and Services

Processes Producing

Intangible Environmental

Attributes

Demographic,

Cultural,

Governance’

Legal,

Market,

Interaction,

Family,

Education

Flow of

Intangible Environ.

Attributes

Interaction with

Intangible Env.

Attributes

Processes Producing Tangible

Environmental Events

Flow of Tangible

Environmental

Events

Interaction with

Tangible Env.

Events

Investments

Effect on Land use/ Land cover

Land cover, land form and water flow alterations; Waste discharges; Biota transport

Air, Water. Climate

Plants, Animals

Soil, Microbes, Rocks

Biomass, Water,

Minerals

Economic Assets & Liabilities

Social Opportunities & Constraints

Values & Norms

Income, Health, Security

New Natural

Resource Capital

New Environmental

Conditions

New Social Capacity

And Economic Capital

New Human

Conditions

Tier 2 – ISG Conceptual Framework

slide14

A General Holistic Framework – Relationship of Criterion 6 Indicators to other Criteria

Measure at t0 t1 Measure at National, regional scales

CAPACITY (stocks)

Natural capital

Biodiversity (C1)

Productivity (C2)

Ecosystem health (C3)

Soil and water (C4)

Carbon cycles (C5)

Protected areas (42)

Subsistence use (47)

Built capital

Technology (40)

Human capital

R, D &E (39)

Social capital

Legal, institution,

economic framework (C7)

INVESTMENT (flows) /Investment performance

Forest mgt and industries (38)

Research, development and education (39)

Extension of new technology (40)

Return on investment (41)

BENEFITS/ VALUES (Flows and stocks)

Wood and Nonwood products

(29-34)

Recreation

(35-37)

Cultural and spiritual values

(42-43)

Employment and community

(44-47)

Well being

workshop objectives
Workshop Objectives:
  • Provide specific recommendations for improving national level Indicators.
  • To inform the U.S. position on the refinement of the Montreal Process Criteria Indicators.
    • i.e. suggest changes for all countries to adopt
suggested missing information or indicators
Suggested missing information or indicators
  • Benefits/ values
    • Distribution of benefits (equity)
    • Water and other ecological services
  • Holistic Feedback effect of benefits/ values on land use and capacities
    • Effect of benefits/values on land use and land value