Pskov is a gem of Russia. Pskov 2008. Dear friends,
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I should like to invite you to our ancient Russian city - one of Russia's gems. The trip will give you a unique possibility to learn about Russia's ancient culture. Pskov district was already inhabited early in the first Millennium AD. Pskov itself was first mentioned in the Chronicle in 903.
The Warrior City and Intercessor of the North - Western borders of Russia has always been famous for its independence and uniqueness. It was here at the Pskov veche (people's assembly), that the very first shoots of Russian democracy appeared. Already then, Pskov was an important Russian and European trading centre. The Pskov Schools of Architecture and Icon Painting has been world famous since ancient times.
Pskov district is also famous for such Orthodox Church holy places as the Mirozhsky and Pechory monasteries, revered by both pilgrims and tourists.
Your visit will give you a splendid impression of Russian history, culture and spiritual life. The huge variety of monuments, events and routes will impress even the choosiest of travellers.
Pskov's unspoiled and picturesque scenery, the large number of entertainment to be provided as part of the Jubilee celebrations, and low prices are sure to make your trip especially pleasant.
Welcome to Pskov!
Head of the City
Pskov is one of the most ancient Russian cities. Its first mention refers to 903.
It is located in the Baltic sea region, North – Western part of Russia on the confluence of the Pskova and Velikaya rivers, twelve kilometres away from Pskov and Chudskoye water body.
Since the very first days of its existence Pskov has had a special role and significance. It is fir 11 centuries that it was a stronghold of the Russian state, it was active in trade with cities of the Hanseatic League.
Natural conditions helped the city to develop as a crafts and trading centre of the Russian state. It is here that trading ways from Baltics to the Central Rus crossed. They sold bread and clothes, outlandish goods, honey, fat, woolens and flax. Pskov masons and campanologists, foundry men, coppersmiths were famous all over Russia. For centuries Pskov remained, freedom-loving. All important issues were decided by public veche.
From St Petersburg
Pskov and the Pskov region is a comfortable and reliable transport corridor, uniting EU and Russia.
Pskov is an important transport junction for all the Baltic region.
The transit railways connect the North – West of Russia and St Petersburg with Western Europe and Kaliningrad region.
By highways it is connected with Baltic countries, Belarus, Ukraine.
There is an international airport, river port and customs terminal.
Basic Economic Dataof 2007
Investments into fixed capital, mln Rbls
Foreign investments (Pskov region), thous. USD
Including those in Pskov
Volume of contract works, mln. Rubles.
Commissioned dwelling floor areas, thous. sq. m
Retail sales turn over, mln. Rubles
Volume of services purchased by the public, mln. Rubles
Index of user prices
Average labor force in economics
Number officially registered unemployed
Average monthly earnest per worker, Rubles
79,1 th. people
Pskov has 17 Agreements with Foreign partners.
Pskov’s Sister Cities are:
Bialystok (Poland) – 2002
Valmiera (Latvia) – 1997
Vitebsk (Byelarus) – 2002
Gera (Germany) – 1969
Daugavpils (Latvia) – 2006
Kuopio (Finland) –1967
Mianyang (China) – 1994
Nijmegen (the Netherlands) 1987
Neuss (Germany) – 1990
Norrtaelje (Sweden) –1993
Perth (Scotlqnd) – 1990
Roanoke (Virginia, USА) – 1992
Таrtu (Estonia) – 2001
Chernigov (Ukraine) –2001
Successfully developing twinnings promote development of municipal democracy, give an opportunity to thousands of people to get acquainted and establish friendly and business relations. It is thanks to twinnings that new possibilities for people to independently solve many problems arise, to develop initiative and independence of citizens. Numerous exchanges, visits of cultural, youth, tourist delegations create favourable conditions for mutual understanding and credit
Pskovites’ international links have been intensively developing in various spheres:
The reliable partnership and principle of openness are the basis of international co-operation.
Nijmegen (the Netherlands)is one of the most active sister cities
Every year volunteers of International Bouworde (the Netherlands) work at social objects of Pskov.
Pedagogical and Curative Centre
In 2007, the Centre’s second building was completed. Total volume of German investments into the Centre is 519.5 thousand EURO.
“The Integration Workshops for Disabled” is a logical continuation ofthe Pedagogical and Curative Centre project. It was launched in 2001 to work with adults having severe problems in development.
In the workshops there is a training department, plant growing, wood processing, sewing, household, development and care departments.
German partners provide equipment and organization methods based on German experience, taking account of Russian conditions. Most of the equipment are charitable gifst by the unique NGO “Pskov Initiative in Evangelic Church of Reinland” (Germany.)
One of the first projects by the “Pskov Initiative in Evangelic Church of Reinland” (Germany)was Sts Martha and Mary Hospice launched in 1993. The project affordsavailability of medical care andrehabilitationfor the most serious category of patients. Hospice has 35 beds, there will be 50 in the future. The German partners have invested over 54 thousand EURO during the years of co- operation.
Joint ventures with foreign capital
On 1.01.2007 there were 119 joint ventures with foreign capital in Pskov.
Most of them were Latvian – 65. There were 29 Estonian ventures. Besides, there were also ones with German, American, Swedish, Danish, Lithuanian and Byelorussian investments.
The municipal enterprise «Pskovskie Teplovyie seti» is realizing the project «Аutomation and optimization of fuel burning at city boilers, installation automated gas burning systems produced by «Petrocraft» (Sweden)». The project is supported by SIDA. The cost of the project is 269 mln EURO.
Among the most successful Joint ventures with foreign capital are PKC Group Oyj and JSC Dula.RU.
PCC Group is offers manufacturing services for wiring harnesses, cabling and electronics.
The JSC Dula.RU is an offspring of the European holding «DULA-Werke Dustmann & Co.». It produces trading and office equipment and furniture in Pskov. The first stage investment was 5 mln EURO.
VI – VII c.
The early settlers of Pskov, the Slavic Krivichi tribe occupied the land and started building there settlements at detinets or the Krom, future spiritual, historic and architectural centre of Pskov.
The city of Pskov is founded at the confluence of the Pskova and the Velikaya rivers.
For the first time “The Tale of Bygone years” (a historical Russian chronicle) records Pskov. This happened in connection with the Kievan Prince, Igor, marrying a local lady Olga: “Igor grew up, and set off to collect tribute, the way Oleg used to, and the lands submitted to him, and people brought him a wife from Pskov named Olga”.
The Grand Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavovich, Princess Olga’a grandson, sent his son Sudislav to rule Pskov. Sudislav is followed by Christian priests to convert Pskovites to Christianity. Sudislav became the first Pskov Prince.
Early XI c.
The Pskovites adopted Christianity. Pskov was subjected to Novgorod, preserving its independence to a significant extent.
1137 - 1138
Pskov was ruled by grandson of Vladimir Monomakh, the Righteous Prince and miracleworker, Prince Vsevolod (baptised as Gavriil) became the first Pskov Saint. Vsevolod founded the Trinity Cathedral. In 1192 his relics were brought to the Cathedral.
Pskov gained independence from Novgorod.
Construction of the Mirozhski monastery Transfiguration cathedral, world famous for its unique frescos, was completed
XII – XV
Pskov successfully withstood 26 sieges by the German knights and the troops of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania..
Late XII c.
The Pskov Veche appeared and developed in Pskov. The assembly gathered on the square in front of the Trinity Cathedral.
The campaign of the Livonian order against the Russian lands. It was the first and the only time that Pskov was captured by the enemy.
Liberation of Pskov and Izborsk. The Pskovites and Novgorodians led by Alexander Nevsky won a victory over the German knights during the Battle on Ice on the Chudskoye lake, ending the Crusade.
Flourishing of Pskov. The Unique Pskov schools of architecture, painting and icon-painting developed, dozens of churches and monasteries were constructed, the city was brimming with a rich cultural life. Literary masterpieces were created. Pskov history was recorded in chronicles. The city traded with the Hanseatic league. Pskov’s population was over 30000 residents. The author of a German chronicle wrote about Pskov: “Pskov occupies such a vast territory that it could be equalled in its circumference to one of many cities taken together. Germany does not have a city matching up to Pskov.”
1266 – 1299
Pskov is ruled by Prince Dovmont Timofei, who defeated numerous enemies of the city. Dovmont was canonized and his remains are kept in the Trinity Cathedral.
The Pskovites build a new stone fortress in Izborsk.
Pskov people built a new stone fortress in Izborsk..
Yefrossin Pskovskiy , the future Pskov Saint and the founder of Our Saviour’s Yelesarovo Monastery, was born in the village of Videlebiye in the vicinity of Pskov.
The Pskov mint was founded. The city coins its own money.
The foundation of the Dormition of Our Lady Monastery in Pechori
Foundation of the Pechory Dormition monastery.
1476 - 1479
Pskov masons build the Cathedral of Annunciation and the Church of the Deposition of the Robes of Our Lord in the Moscow Kremlin.
Pskov loses its independence and enters the unified Russian state.
A big bell casting shop was founded. Bells were cast for Snetogorsky. Mirozhsky, Pechory, Solovetsky and many other monasteries and churches.
Pskov icon painters were invited to the Moscow Kremlin for painting works after the fire.
The death of Saint Righteous "God's fool"Nicholas Sallos , having saved Pskov from bloodshed and devastation by Ivan the Terrible. His relics lie in the Holy Trinity Cathedral.
1581 – 1582
The Pskov walls were unsuccessfully besieged by the army of Stephan Bathori for 5 months.
«Admiring Pskov. “O Lord, what an enormous city! Like Paris! …»” - the King’s secretary Jan Piotrowski wrote in his campaign diary.
«Pskov saved Russia from the greatest danger and the memory of this important service shall not be wiped off our h istory until we lose our love for Fatherland. (N.М. Каramzin)..
The Saint Annunciation Nikandrova hermitage was founded.
The independent Pskov Eparchy was formed.
Pskov was besieged by the troops of the Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus
Ioassaf, the Archbishop of Pskov and Velikiye Luki, became Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia.
Pskov icon painters are called to Moscow for painting works in churches.
The newly built Holy Trinity Cathedral was consecrated, which preserves its appearance today.
1701 – 1708
Peter I repeatedly visited Pskov personally to lead the construction of defence fortifications during the Northern war. The Tsar stayed at the chambers of the rich merchant Yamskoi.
The Patriotic war started. The Russian army was under the command of the Pskov noble M.I.Kutuzov.
A.S.Pushkin repeatedly visited Pskov.
1824 – 1826
The Mikhailovskoye exile of Pushkin. Here the poet later wrote many chapters of his novel in verse ”Eugene Onegin”, the poem “Gypsies”, and the national folk drama “Boris Godunov”.
The great Russian poet A.S.Pushkin was buried in the Svyatogorski monastery on February 6th (19th February new style).
6 – 9 August 1903
Nicholas II visited Pskov. The Tsar inspected a parade, visited the Holy Trinity cathedral, the Morozhski monastery, and toured the city.
Russia celebrated Pskov’s thousandth anniversary.
The great Russian composer N.A.Rimski – Korssakov died in Lubensk estate (the Pliusski district of the Pskov region now).
On March 2nd (March 15th by new style) at the Pskov railway station in his saloon carriage, the last Russian emperor Nicholas II signed his Manifesto of Abdication from the Russian throne.
1920 - ies
Icons and ancient relics were withdrawn from churches and monasteries. Churches were closed and priests persecuted.
1941 – 1944
Pskov was occupied by German fascist invaders. On July 23rd 1944 Pskov was liberated. Only 83 buildings escaped destruction.
On November 1st the government adopted Decree on immediate restoration of the 15 cities having most suffered from fascist invaders. Pskov was among them.
Late XX – early XXI centuries
Rebirth of Pskov churches and monasteries. At the moment there are 28 acting churches in Pskov.
On March 1st 90 heroic paratroopers of the 6th airborne company from Pskov were having a many hours furious unequal fighting with a two thousand gun-men detachment in Argunskoye gorge (Chechnya). 84 men were killed, 30 of them were born in Pskov and the Pskov region.
Pskov celebrated the 1100th anniversary of its first mention in “the Tale of Bygone Years”. Monuments to Princess Olga by sculptors V. Klykov and Z. Tsereteli were unveiled