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Tonight’s Agenda 6:30-6:35 Welcome & Announcements Fun with Homework assignment? Contact sheet Web site update May 22 field trip: Josh Haas Saturday field trips Dress warmly Leave from Sanctuary @ 8 am 6:35-7:35 Bird Song w/ Bob Pettit 7:35-7:45 Break (Birds & Beans Coffee)

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tonight s agenda
Tonight’s Agenda

6:30-6:35 Welcome & Announcements

  • Fun with Homework assignment?
  • Contact sheet
  • Web site update
  • May 22 field trip: Josh Haas
  • Saturday field trips
  • Dress warmly
  • Leave from Sanctuary @ 8 am

6:35-7:35Bird Song w/ Bob Pettit

7:35-7:45Break (Birds & Beans Coffee)

7:45-8:25Waterfowl ID w/ Kara Haas

8:25-8:30 Closing

  • New resources
  • Week 2: “Homework” assignment
bird id week 2

Bird ID: Week 2

Female and Male Bufflehead

What is it?

family anatidae
Family Anatidae
  • Ducks, geese, & Swans
  • Distribution
    • All continents but Antarctica
  • Defining Characteristics
    • Adapted for swimming, floating and diving
    • Swans and Geese are longer necked; tip up while feeding
    • Ducks divided into dabblers (tip up) and divers (deeper water; normally dive for food)

What is it?

Canvasback

american black duck
American Black Duck
  • Found year round in Michigan
  • Dabbling duck; diet plants and aquatic invertebrates
  • Overall, much darker than female Mallard
  • Males and females look similar, but
    • males have yellow to yellowish bills
    • females have olive/greenish bills
  • Speculum may show thin white trailing edge
redhead
Redhead
  • Migrant; breeds in Western US and Canada & Alaska, with some occurrence in Great Lakes region
  • Marshy lakes and ponds
  • Diving duck; diet largely plants
  • Sexually dimorphic (male and female different)
    • Males have red head, yellow iris, blue bill with white and black tip, and rounded, grayish back
    • Females relatively non-descript

© Larry Burdick

canvasback
Canvasback
  • Migrant; breeds in Western US and Canada & Alaska,
  • Marshy lakes and ponds
  • Diving duck; diet largely plants
  • Similar in coloring to Redhead, but
    • Long, black bill and flat forehead
    • Back and sides are whiter than in Redhead
    • Red iris
which is which
Which is Which?

Canvasback

Redhead

greater scaup
Greater Scaup
  • Migrant, breeds in upper north and northwest Canada and Alaska
  • In winter, most often found more open water; salt water
  • Diving duck; diet aquatic invertebrates and plants
  • Species has a blue bill with a black tip
    • Males have rounded, dark head (with green iridescence); belly and flanks white, back has black barring
    • Females have white patch at base of bill
lesser scaup
Lesser Scaup
  • Migrant, breeds in upper western US, western Canada, and Alaska
  • In winter, prefers fresh water and smaller ponds
  • Diving ducks
  • Similar in appearance to Greater Scaup, but
    • Smaller in size
    • Thinner and straighter bill
    • Head tends to have a purplish iridescence
    • Head is smaller, narrower, and a peaked crown
which is which12
Which is Which?

Lesser Scaup

Greater Scaup

which is which13
Which is Which?

© Carolyn Fields

Greater Scaup - male

Lesser Scaup - male

Greater Scaup - female

ring necked duck
Ring-necked Duck
  • Migrant; wooded lakes or ponds in northern US and Canada
  • Diving duck; aquatic plants & invertebrates
  • Males and females are different
    • Males have black back, peaked head, gray sides, white “spur”, and white outline on bill.
    • Females gray cheeks, dark cap and white eye ring.
bufflehead
Bufflehead
  • Migrant; breeds in Canada and Alaska; in woodlands near small lakes or ponds
  • Diving duck; aquatic invertebrates
  • Smallest duck, compact; with relatively large head; short bill
  • Males and females are different
    • Males have large white patch on back of head, black back.
    • Females have oval patch on cheek
common goldeneye
Common Goldeneye
  • Migrant; breeds in Canada and Alaska; nest in tree cavities in coniferous forests
  • Winters on forested lakes and rivers across U.S.
  • Diving duck; aquatic invertebrates
  • Small duck, large round white spot before eye;
  • Males and females are different
    • Males are white on neck and breast with a dark green head
    • Females white around neck, dark rusty brown head
hooded merganser
Hooded Merganser
  • Breeds in northern US and southern Canada; woodland ponds and rivers
  • Smallest Merganser
    • Thin bill (eat small fish, aquatic invertebrates)
    • Crest on head
  • Males and females are different
    • Males with white fan-like patch on head; white breast framed by black “spurs”
    • Female has brown crest
common merganser
Common Merganser
  • Breeds in northern US and Canada
  • Deep water; forested, clear lakes and rivers
  • Diving duck; diet mostly fish and aquatic invertebrates
  • Largest of the mergansers
    • Thin, hooked red bill
  • Males and females look different
    • Males head have green heads, all white bodies with dark back
    • Females have rust-colored crested heads, white chin, and gray bodies
questions
Questions?
  • Homework for next time: use new resources
    • Get outside! Visit a body of water to see what is visiting.
    • Open windows on the next warm day and listen.
  • Field trips Saturday;
    • Leave at 8am, dress warm!
    • It will be cold by the lakes.
  • May 22 Field Trip – be prepared to sign up on April 14 if you want to participate.