PRESENTATION CREATED BY: ALFONSO A. PINO. MD. COLLABORATOR: PROFESSOR NIDIA ROMER. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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PRESENTATION CREATED BY: ALFONSO A. PINO. MD. COLLABORATOR: PROFESSOR NIDIA ROMER. PowerPoint Presentation
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PRESENTATION CREATED BY: ALFONSO A. PINO. MD. COLLABORATOR: PROFESSOR NIDIA ROMER.

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PRESENTATION CREATED BY: ALFONSO A. PINO. MD. COLLABORATOR: PROFESSOR NIDIA ROMER.
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PRESENTATION CREATED BY: ALFONSO A. PINO. MD. COLLABORATOR: PROFESSOR NIDIA ROMER.

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  1. THE AXIAL MUSCLESHUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 1 (BSC 2085 L)LABORATORY MANUAL (ROMER, PINO, POPE) CHAPTER 6MARTINI, ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 7TH EDITION, CHAPTER 11

  2. PRESENTATION CREATED BY: ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.COLLABORATOR:PROFESSOR NIDIA ROMER. ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  3. NOTE: • THIS IS A STUDY GUIDE, NOT AN ALL INCLUSIVE REVIEW. • THERE MIGHT BE THINGS NOT COVERED BY THIS STUDY GUIDE THAT MIGHT BEASKED IN YOUR PRACTICUMS / QUIZZES. • STUDENTS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR READING THEIR TEXBOOK (S) AND FOR ALL THE MATERIAL COVERED DURING THE LABORATORY PERIOD, AS PER THE COURSE SYLLABUS ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  4. Muscles of head & neck • Muscles of the pectoral girdle (anterior view) • Muscles that move arms • Muscles of the respiration • Muscles of the abdomen • Muscles of the pectoral girdle (posterior view) • Muscles of the vertebral column ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  5. ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  6. ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  7. HEAD & NECK • SCALP- FRONTALIS- TO RISE EYEBROWS • TO WRINKLE FOREHEAD • OCCIPITALIS- TO TENSE &TO RETRACT THE SCALP • EYE- ORBICULARIS OCCULI- TO CLOSE THE EYE ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  8. MARTINI PG 337 ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  9. MOUTH- • ZYGOMATICUS- MINOR (TOP) & MAYOR (BOTTOM) • F- TO RETRACT & TO ELEVATE CORNER OF THE MOUTH • (SEE MANDIBLE) • RISORIUS- TO DRAW THE CORNER OF THE MOUTH TO THE SIDE • DEPRESSOR ANGULI ORIS (TRIANGULARIS)- • F- TO DEPRESS CORNER OF THE MOUTH • ORBICULARIS ORIS- TO COMPRESS & TO PURSE THE LIPS • MENTALIS- TO ELEVATE & TO PROTRUDE LOWER LIP • BUCCINATOR- TO COMPRESS CHEEKS ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  10. ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  11. MASTICATION- • MASSETER- TO ELEVATE MANDIBLE (SEE MANDIBLE) • TEMPORALIS- TO ELEVATE MANDIBLE • PTERIGOID MEDIAL- TO ELEVATE MANDIBLE • TO CLOSE THE JAW. (SEE MANDIBLE) • PTERIGOID LATERAL- TO OPEN THE MOUTH & TO PROTRUDE • THE MANDIBLE. (SEE MANDIBLE) ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  12. ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  13. MARTINI PG340 ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  14. NECK • PLATISMA- TO TENSE THE SKIN OF NECK & TO DEPRESS • THE MANDIBLE • STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID- • TOGETHER- TO FLEX THE NECK • ALONE- TO BEND THE HEAD TOWARD SHOULDER • TO TURN FACE TO OPPOSITE SIDE ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  15. ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  16. MUSCLES OF THE PECTORAL GIRDLEANTERIOR VIEW • SERRATUS ANTERIOR- TO PROTRACT SHOULDER & • TO ROTATE THE SCAPULA (UPWARD ROTATION) • PECTORALIS MINOR- TO DEPRESS & PROTRACT • SCAPULA (SHOULDER) • DELTOID- TO ABDUCT THE ARM • PECTORALIS- MAJOR- TO FLEX & TO ADDUCT THE ARM • & MEDIAL ROTATION OF SHOULDER ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  17. MARTINI PG 352 ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  18. RESPIRATION • DIAPHRAGM- MAJOR MUSCLE OF RESPIRATION • EXPANDS THORACIC CAVITY TO CAUSE BREATHING • IT SEPARATES THE THORACIC AND • ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITIES • INTERCOSTAL EXTERNAL- TO ELEVATE RIBS DURING INHALATION INTERCOSTAL INTERNAL- TO DEPRESS RIBS DURING FORCED EXHALATION ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  19. ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  20. MARTINI PG 353 ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  21. MARTINI PG 346 ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  22. ABDOMEN • RECTUS ABDOMINIS- TO FLEX VERTEBRAL COLUMN • TO DEPRESS RIBS • EXTERNAL OBLIQUE- TO FLEX SPINE & TO COMPRESS ABDOMEN • TO DEPRESS RIBS • INTERNAL OBLIQUE- SAME AS ABOVE • TRANSVERSUS ABDOMINIS- TO COMPRESS ABDOMEN ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  23. ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  24. MUSCLES OF THEPELVIC FLOOR • UROGENITAL DIAPHRAGM • DEEP TRANSVERSE PERINEAL MUSCLE: STABILIZES CENTRAL • TENDON OF PERINEUM • EXTERNAL URETHRAL SPHINCTER: CLOSES URETHRA • PELVIC DIAPHRAGM • COCCYGEOUS: FLEXES COCCYGEAL JOINTS, TENSES & SUPPORTS • PELVIC FLOOR • LEVATOR ANI (from external to internal) • ILEOCOCCYGEOUS: TENSES FLOOR OF PELVIS, FLEXES • COCCYGEAL JOINTS, ELEVATES & RETRACTS ANUS • PUBOCOCCYGEOUS: AS ABOVE • SUPERFICIAL TRANSVERSE PERINEAL: STABILIZES CENTRAL TENDON • OF PERINEUM • EXTERNAL ANAL SPHINCTER: CLOSES ANAL OPENING

  25. MARTINI, Pg- 349

  26. POSTERIOR VIEW • PECTORAL GIRDLE • TRAPEZIUS- TO ELEVATE, DEPRESS & RETRACT SCAPULA • TO ROTATE SCAPULA UPWARD • TO ELEVATE CLAVICLE & TO EXTEND THE NECK • RHOMBOIDS- (MAJOR & MINOR) • TO ADDUCT SCAPULA & DOWNWARD ROTATION • MOVE ARM • LATISSIMUS DORSI- TO EXTEND, TO ADDUCT • MEDIAL ROTATION OF SHOULDER • INFRASPINATUS- LATERAL ROTATION OF SHOULDER • TERES MINOR- SAME AS ABOVE • TERES MAJOR- TO EXTEND, ADDUCT & MEDIAL ROTATION • OF SHOULDER • SUPRASPINATUS- TO ABDUCT THE SHOULDER ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  27. Infraspinatus ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  28. VERTEBRAL COLUMN • ERECTOR SPINAE- TO EXTEND THE SPINE • SPLENIUS CAPITIS- TOGETHER TO EXTEND THE NECK • ALONE- TO ROTATE & FLEX THE NECK • SEMISPINALIS CAPITIS- TOGETHER TO EXTEND THE NECK • ALONE- TO EXTEND & FLEX THE NECK ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  29. ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  30. Infraspinatus ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.

  31. REMEMBER!GO TO THE TUTORING ROOMAND PRACTICE WITH MODELSROOM 3326 ALFONSO A. PINO. MD.