TEXAS STATE CEMETERY • 4th GRADE TOUR GUIDELINE
WELCOME The Texas State Cemetery’s goal is to educate children of all ages on the importance of preserving our past. Students will explore the grounds of the Cemetery to learn Texas history through the people that are interred here. Students will explore the early European exploration and colonization of Texas, the heroic individuals who played key roles in the Texas Revolution, and the men and women of various racial and ethnic groups, who shaped the state. Students will also discover those individuals who, through culture, impacted life within the state and individuals who left a mark on Texas in the 19th and 20th centuries. This packet is designed to assist the student in helping them discover the Texas State Cemetery before their visit. In addition, it is also a guideline to help you, the teacher, by giving some tools that will help prepare your class for your visit to the Texas State Cemetery. The few activities in the packet will help students identify people in the Texas State Cemetery who have built communities, identify local government officials and how they are chosen, identify characteristics of good citizenship, hear of folklore, identify individuals who have preserved cultural heritage, and identify those individuals who have helped communities through science. We look forward to your visit to the Texas State Cemetery and we are excited about sharing our unique history with you and your class.
BEFORE YOUR VISIT --- Some things to keep in mind There are certain rules that must be followed during your visit at the Texas State Cemetery and some things that you may wish to consider before your arrival. When you arrive, please check in at the visitors center and the staff will help you organize your group before the start of the tour. • Large groups may wish to arrive at least 10-15 minutes early for restroom and water breaks before the tour begins. • This is a WALKING tour and can last 45 minutes to an hour. Please make sure you and your students wear comfortable clothing and shoes. • Check the weather in the Austin area before you leave. You may need to bring rain gear or a coat. • Water bottles are allowed on the tour; however, no other drink nor food (including chewing gum) is allowed on the grounds at any time. Please make lunch arrangements at a local park or other eating establishment prior to your visit at the Texas State Cemetery. • There are no rubbings of any marker or monument allowed. Photographs are allowed. • Students are expected to be respectful of the markers and monuments. We ask that they not sit, stand, kick, or climb on any of the historical markers that are in place in the Texas State Cemetery. Pencils and pens should be kept at a distance from any historical marker or monument. • Please note that we are still an active cemetery and funerals are unexpected and happen on short notice. Funerals take precedence over tours and you may be asked to reschedule. Please try to have an alternate date in mind should this rare event occur. • If you have any further questions or special needs, please contact us at: 512-463-0605.
The following is a list of individuals that students will most likely encounter on their visit at the Texas State Cemetery. French Sailor Albert Sidney Johnston Joanna Troutman Walter Prescott Webb Fred Gipson Jim and Miriam (“Ma and Pa”) Ferguson Dan Moody “Bigfoot” Wallace Stephen F. Austin Barbara Jordan Bob Bullock Edward Burleson Josiah Wilbarger Judge Edwin Waller Edmund J. Davis Joel Robison James Sylvester Jesse Grimes John Connally “Peg Leg” Ward “Three-Legged Willie” Thomas Gazley Joseph H. Barnard Tom Landry Willie Wells _____________________________________________ Other monuments or areas that will be seen: Highway 165 September 11th Monument Medal of Honor Monument Confederate Fields VE/VJ Monument _____________________________________________ Sometimes, due to time constraints, it will not be possible to see everything listed here; however, the staff makes every possible effort to include those individuals and places listed above as well as any special requests from visitors. WHO AND WHAT WILL WE SEE?
HOW DO I PREPARE MY CLASS FOR OUR VISIT? • Visit our website To familiarize the students with the Texas State Cemetery, teachers may wish to visit our web site at: www.cemetery.state.tx.us Our web site includes biographies and pictures of the people and their monuments. Students may wish to read about a certain individual in order to become more familiar with who it is they will be visiting at the cemetery. Our web site also includes pictures of the grounds and students will be able to see the area before their visit. • Talk about certain historical events Students may not be familiar with certain events in Texas history so it may be beneficial to acquaint your students with some of the facts regarding Texas history. You may want to briefly explain the following topics: • Texas Revolution –Specifically with the dates of March 2nd and April 21st. Also, briefly explain the Alamo and Goliad. • Civil War –Specifically, what is the meaning of Confederate and Union. • Texas Legislature – Specifically, there are two chambers; the House and the Senate. House members are called Representatives and Senate members are called Senators. Individuals that serve in either chamber are called legislators. • September 11, 2001
HOW DO I PREPARE MY CLASS FOR OUR VISIT? • Do some of the included activities These activities include a seek-and-find and a “Who Am I?” sheet that students can complete after they have gone through the web site and have become more familiar with the cemetery. • Tour questions are also included. This activity may be saved for the actual time of your tour or completed after the tour in your classroom. Students can take the form, fill it out as we go along, and turn it in to the teacher for a grade.
4th Grade --Who Am I? 1. I am known as the “Father of Texas”. Who am I? 2. My flag is considered to be the first Lone Star Flag to fly over the Republic of Texas. Who am I? 3. I was a general in the Civil War after serving as Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas. Who am I? 4. I wrote several books, but I’m most famous for Old Yeller which was turned into a movie. Who am I? 5. We were governors of Texas in the early 1900s. My wife became Texas’ first female governor. Who are we? 6. I carried the mail through Comanche territory and was a Texas Ranger. I’m known for having big feet. Who am I? 7. I was the first person to be buried in the cemetery in 1851. I was a Republic of Texas veteran, a legislator, and vice-president of the Republic. Who am I? 8. I saw that the Cemetery needed a change and put forth an effort to renovate the Cemetery grounds. Who am I? 9. I lived 11 years after being scalped by Indians. Who am I? 10. My monument stands the tallest at 31 feet tall. I was a Reconstruction governor and a lawyer in Texas. Who am I? 11. We helped capture Santa Anna and were Republic of Texas veterans. Who are we? 12. I lost a leg in the Siege of Bexar and went on to build the Capitol of Texas. Who am I? 13. I was a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and became Austin’s first mayor. Who am I? 14. I’m known to have three legs. I also became a lawyer and chief justice of Texas and helped create many of Texas’ early laws. Who am I? 15. My nickname is “El Diablo” and I played baseball in the Negro Leagues. I had a .392 batting average and was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Who am I?
ANSWERS TO WHO AM I? • Stephen F. Austin • Joanna Troutman • Albert Sidney Johnston • Fred Gipson • Ma and Pa Ferguson (Jim and Miram Ferguson) • Big Foot Wallace • Edward Burleson • Barbara Jordan • Bob Bullock • Governor Dan Moody • Josiah Wilbarger • Edmund J. Davis • Joel Robison and James Sylvester • Peg Leg Ward • Judge Edwin Waller • Three Legged Willie • Willie Wells
4th Grade Tour Questions 1. Who was the first person to be buried in the Texas State Cemetery? 2. What other important building in Austin is made of the same type of rock as the Columbarum Wall and what type of rock is it? 3. What is one of the three names for the cemetery road? 4. Where did most of the veterans in Confederate Field live before they were buried in the Texas State Cemetery? 5. What two flags can be seen on the Albert Sidney Johnston sculpture? 6. What flag did Joanna Troutman sew? 7. What was the nickname of Stephen F. Austin’s first settlers to his colony? 8. Who was the first African American women to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives? 9. Name one improvement during the Renovation of the Cemetery. 10. How long did Josiah Wilbarger live after being scalped by Indians? 11. Which governor has the tallest monument? 12. How old is the statue on Governor Connally’s monument? 13. What does cenotaph mean? 14. What safety precaution did Willie Wells invent?
ANSWERS TO TOUR QUESTIONS • Edward Burleson • Capitol/Pink Granite • HWY 165; Albert Sidney Johnston Blvd; Lou Kemp Rd. • Confederate Men’s Home • The flag on his body is the Confederate Flag and the one under his head is the Texas Flag • The “Liberty or Death” flag • “Old 300” • Barbara Jordan • Answers may include: added the visitor’s center and gallery, the pond, the hilltop, landscaping, and tombstones were taken down, cleaned, and repaired. • 11 years • Governor Edmund J. Davis • About 600 years old • A monument in honor of someone who is buried elsewhere. • Batting helmets.
OTHER INFORMATION • Our address is: Texas State Cemetery 909 Navasota Austin, TX 78702 We’re located off of 11th Street; just one mile southeast of the Capitol Building • Our phone number is: 512-463-0605 And our fax number is: 512-463-8811 • Our web site is: www.cemetery.state.tx.us • Our email address is: firstname.lastname@example.org Published in 2006 by The Texas State Cemetery