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TAKING UNIVERSAL DESIGN AROUND THE BLOCK. Maurizio Antoninetti Doctoral Candidate San Diego State University/ UC Santa Barbara. A study on aging Baby Boomers and on the integration of Universal Design at the neighborhood scale to address their future residential (im)mobility).

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Taking universal design around the block l.jpg

TAKING UNIVERSAL DESIGN AROUND THE BLOCK

Maurizio Antoninetti

Doctoral Candidate

San Diego State University/ UC Santa Barbara

A study on aging Baby Boomers and on the integration of Universal Design at the neighborhood scale to address their future residential (im)mobility)


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Why Universal Design at the urban scale?

What would the contribution of Universal Design at the neighborhood scale be?

Picture: Traffic Safety Center - Surface Transportation Policy Project 2002, cover

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Population 50 to 64

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006




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Our present cities lack of fundamental basic human factors:

  • They are not affordable

  • They are rigid

  • They lack integration

  • They are confusing

  • They are mostly ill planned and lack livability.

Robert Solow, Nobel Prize-winning economist at MIT, puts it this way: "Livability is not some middle-class luxury. It is an economic imperative."

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Can we ameliorate the urban environmentby transforming it into a universally designed place?

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Why UD at the urban scale?

  • To function universally, UD must be implemented at different scales

  • The urban scale is the big container of all disparities and equalities of our daily life

  • The city must be ergonomically and universally designed to work for, and not against, everybody’s human basic needs

  • Urban planning and city management have yet to address such issues while urban environments are rapidly declining toward confusion, disorder, and inequality.

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Why is ADAAG not enough?

  • Lack of an holistic approach

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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With the implementation of UD:

  • Mix of uses facilitates short range activities

  • Integration with public transit provides sustainable alternatives to driving

  • Different housing typologies within the same neighborhood allows wider ranges in pricing

  • The overwhelming desire to age in place becomes reality

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006

Source: http://www.wholeworldwindow.com/0305portland/medium/0797%20trams%20of%20old%20portland.jpg


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Neighborhood Design and Provisions

Desire to Age in Place

Ability to Age in Place

Personal Characteristics

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Flexibility in Use

  • Possibility to move to a better tailored residence without living the neighborhood, its services, its people

  • Possibility to start and patronize local businesses

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Simple and Intuitive Use

  • Focal points or landmarks

  • Human scale

  • Overall accessibility

  • Sense of place

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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A more integrated consumption of space

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Homogeneity and confusion vs. View finding through landmarks

Spaces are for mobility, places instead are for pause

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Low Physical Effort

  • Basic needs are close by and handy

  • Pedestrian and bicycle paths allow healthier lifestyles

  • Urban design promotes social interactions

  • Personal independence is maintained or supported at feasible costs

Source www.ci.boulder.co.us/duhmd/

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006





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Tolerance for Error

  • Unexpected personal changes are less destructive

  • Lack of physical and mental aptness is tolerated

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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NIPA Personal Saving Rate

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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NIPA Personal Saving Rate

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006



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Difference in the value of median sales prices for the period First Quarter 2004 - First Quarter 2005 for selected MSAs

(National Association of Realtors 2005)

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Difference in percentage of the median sales prices for the period First Quarter 2004 - First Quarter 2005 for selected MSAs

(National Association of Realtors 2005)

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Action Plan period First Quarter 2004 - First Quarter 2005 for selected MSAs

  • The federal government

  • New tax policies

  • New transportation policies

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Action Plan period First Quarter 2004 - First Quarter 2005 for selected MSAs

  • Planning and land-use laws, policies and practices

  • Flexible zoning regulations

  • Provisions in local land-use policies

The Fuse-Grid Approach by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC)

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Action Plan period First Quarter 2004 - First Quarter 2005 for selected MSAs

  • Businesses and government agencies

  • Community groups and private citizens

    • Goal: Communities should be shaped by choice, not by chance

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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Action Plan period First Quarter 2004 - First Quarter 2005 for selected MSAs

  • We need UD on our old streets

  • The entire community must understand the benefits of UD.

  • We need visionary thinkers and designers

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006


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THANK YOU! period First Quarter 2004 - First Quarter 2005 for selected MSAs

Maurizio Antoninetti

mantonin@mail.sdsu.edu

M. Antoninetti - ICADI 2006