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Safe Transport for Infants. Passenger Safety Texas AgriLife Extension Service in cooperation with Texas Department of Transportation.

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safe transport for infants

Safe Transport for Infants

Passenger Safety

Texas AgriLife Extension Service

in cooperation with

Texas Department of Transportation

Educational programs of the Texas AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin.

The Texas A&M University System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas Cooperating

the problem
The Problem
  • Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among children.
  • Nationally, over half of the children who died in crashes were unrestrained (NHTSA).
effectiveness of child restraints
Effectiveness of Child Restraints
  • 71% effective in reducing infant deaths
  • 54% effective in reducing toddler deaths
  • 69% effective in reducing hospitalization need
  • Children are 37% less likely to be fatally injured riding in the rear seat.
what is the best child safety seat
What Is the Best Child Safety Seat?
  • Fits child  appropriate for child’s height, weight, and age
  • Fits in the vehicle
  • Seat that will be used correctly all of the time
why rear facing for infants
Why Rear-facing for Infants?
  • Babies have large, heavy heads
  • Small, flexible shoulders
  • Bones not fully developed
rear facing increases protection
Rear-facing Increases Protection
  • Seat absorbs crash forces
  • Back of seat spreads crash forces along the entire torso
  • Protects head, neck, and spinal cord


Rear Facing Infant Seat



  • Read the instruction book.
  • Mail in the registration card.
infant only seats
Infant-Only Seats
  • Rear-facing only
  • Birth/5 lbs. to 18-22 lbs
  • Some now go to 30 lbs
  • Most come with a base
infant only seats9
Infant-Only Seats
  • 3-point harness
  • 5-point harness









air bag warning
Air Bag Warning

Never use a rear-facing seat in front of an active

air bag.

keeping baby rear facing
Keeping Baby Rear-facing

Use rear-facing to the highest weight or height allowed by the manufacturer’s instructions.

Make sure there is 1 inch from the top of the child’s head to the top of the shell.

Install at the correct angle.

According to instructions

harness adjusters
Harness Adjusters
  • Harness adjusters vary
harness straps snug
Harness Straps Snug
  • Straps should be at or below shoulders
  • Straps must be snug
  • Not able to pinch any of webbing on harness
harness retainer clip
Harness Retainer Clip
  • Keeps harness straps on baby’s shoulders
  • Always goes across chest from armpit to armpit

Retainer Clip

aftermarket products
Aftermarket Products
  • Do not add:
    • Thick padding under or behind child or harness
    • Pads on harness straps
acceptable padding
Acceptable Padding

Receiving blankets/cloth diapers that don’t interfere with harness and/or shell contact may be used.

carry handle
Carry Handle

Read manual to determine correct position

for handle when used in vehicle

next step convertible seats
Next Step - Convertible Seats

5-Point Harness

Tray Shield


rear facing convertibles
Rear-facing Convertibles
  • Rear-facing until at least 20 lbs. and one
  • year old
  • Safer to leave child rear-facing longer (to weight and height limit of seat)
  • Current rear-facing convertible seats go to 30/35 lbs. rear-facing

5-Point Harness

correct angle
Correct Angle

Infant seats must be reclined according to the manufacturer’s instructions

No more than 45o

Seat may have adjustment foot (infant only) or recline adjuster (convertible)

May need to use rolled towel or pool noodle

Older infant can be less reclined (approximately 30o)

installing it correctly
Installing It Correctly
  • Must be rear-facing
  • Center position is safest IF secure installation can be achieved
  • Correct angle according to instructions
  • Read instructions in vehicle owner’s manual
  • Contact technician for inspection
what to avoid second hand seats
What to Avoid - Second-Hand Seats
  • Seat involved in crash
  • Missing labels
  • More than 6 years old
  • Cracks or rust
  • Parts missing
  • On recall list
  • Recall Lists on NHTSA Website
  • NHTSA:
    • 1-888-DASH-2-DOT
  • Child Safety Seat Manufacturer
  • Get a free safety seat inspection with a certified technician
  • Locate a technician