“Partnering to Preserve Farmland in Hiram Township With Transfer of Development Rights” 2008 Ohio Farmland Preservation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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“Partnering to Preserve Farmland in Hiram Township With Transfer of Development Rights” 2008 Ohio Farmland Preservation PowerPoint Presentation
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“Partnering to Preserve Farmland in Hiram Township With Transfer of Development Rights” 2008 Ohio Farmland Preservation

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  1. “Partnering to Preserve Farmland in Hiram Township With Transfer of Development Rights”2008 Ohio Farmland Preservation Summit Lynne J. Erickson, AICP, Director Portage County Regional Planning Commission October 2, 2008

  2. Partnering to Preserve Farmland in Hiram Township With Transfer of Development Rights • Background • Process Overview • TDR Feasibility Study Findings • TDR Legislation and Program Components • Next Steps

  3. Hiram Township, Portage County

  4. Protecting Hiram Twp. Farmland

  5. Hiram Protected Areas

  6. Hiram Comprehensive Plan

  7. Hiram Comprehensive Plan

  8. Hiram Comprehensive PlanScenic Resources

  9. Hiram 2020 Comprehensive PlanKey Issues Identified • Manage Growth, Preserve Small Town and Rural Character • Preserve and Protect Farmland and Open Space, Scenic Resources • Prefer conservation type development in Twp. • Commercial and residential development in Village-traditional pattern.

  10. Preserve a majority of the agricultural land base in the Township for future generations. Encourage sustainable economic growth of the Village. “Township and Village will develop a Transfer of Development Rights Program..” Land in Primary Agricultural Conservation Area will be sending area from which development rights will be sent to designated receiving areas in the Village. Village High Density Areas-densities of 6-8 Dwelling units/acre permitted ONLY with transferable development rights Hiram 2020 Comprehensive Plan Selected Goals and Strategies

  11. Testing TDR Feasibility in Hiram Village and Township • The OSU Center for Farmland Policy Innovation-Farmland Protection Partnership Program • PCRPC worked with Comp Plan partners to write grant • Hiram Village awarded grant-$58,900 • Partner Contributions-$31,300 • 18 month project

  12. Hiram TDR Project Key Components • Organize for TDR Program Support-Citizens Advisory Committee formed in May 2007 • Conduct Feasibility Study/Market Analysis • Development of Implementing Policies, Legislation and Procedures • Public Outreach and Education

  13. TDR Feasibility Study and Market Analysis Phase • Rick Pruetz, FAICP, nationally renowned TDR expert was contracted to do study • TDR Program Component Options Presented to Citizens Advisory Committee and Community in October and December 2007 • Final TDR Feasibility Study-January 2008

  14. Study Conclusions TDR can save 1,000 acres of farmland TDR and other tools can save 5,000 acres Program would be feasible and successful if TDRs are required of all bonus units Proposals based on feedback and attempt to • Keep it simple • Use limited TDRs wisely • Focus on primary goals Four basic program components • Eligible sending sites • Easement requirements • TDR allocations • Receiving areas

  15. Hiram Success Factors • Experience with preservation and landowner interest in additional preservation • Experience with tools similar to TDR • Potential for affordable TDRs • Easement value uniformity should keep program simple • Desire for Village-Township cooperation

  16. Inter-jurisdictional Approach Legislation proposes both Village and Township accept TDRs Independent Township program could work Program would work better if Village participated • Take advantage of existing community and infrastructure • Create pedestrian-friendly, sustainable development • Village and Township both benefit from preservation of farmland • Agricultural economy • Food security • Rural character • Scenic resources

  17. Main Legislation Components Township and Village legislation have identical sending site provisions • Sending sites eligibility • Easement requirements • TDR allocations Receiving areas in Village form when sites are upzoned to implement Comp Plan with existing zoning districts New PD zone proposed for receiving sites in Township

  18. Eligible TDR Sending Sites Eligibility Criteria • Township RR Zone • Currently farmed (CAUV) • Minimum 25 acres (sometimes 20) • Not already preserved • When located in two zoning districts, RR portion must be at least 25 acres Reasons • Simple • Targets active farmland • Large enough to farm but too big for most estate lots • Maximizes participation

  19. Easement Requirements Proposed Easement • Prevents any land division • Allows “agricultural uses” per Township Zoning Regs (farming, dairying, pasturage, agriculture, viticulture, animal and poultry husbandry; and forestry and forest products) • Allows one dwelling on site • If only part of qualifying parcel is zoned RR, easement does not apply to non-RR portion Reasons • Simple • Certainty of perpetual preservation

  20. TDR Allocation Rate Proposed Rate • One TDR for each 2.5 acres of all land in the parcel • Plus 1 TDR/ 10 acres in excess of 25 acres • Plus 1 TDR/400 feet of public road frontage • Only land subject to easement produces TDRs (only RR) Reasons • Simple • Sufficient to motivate landowners • Same as RR zone (1/2.5 acres) • Bonus for larger parcels • Save valuable frontages

  21. Village Receiving Sites • All upzoned parcels in Village • Maximum density of prior zoning is baseline density of new zoning • Units exceeding baseline are bonus • Developers must acquire one TDR for • Each bonus single family unit • Each 1.5 bonus units in two-family building • Each 2.0 bonus units in multi-family building • Allowance doubles for developments filed prior to TDR ordinance first reading • Alternative compliance: $10,000 in lieu of each TDR otherwise required • Maximum density limited by new TDR receiving zone • Maximum density consistent with Comp Plan

  22. Village Receiving Site Example • 10-acre Village site zoned R-2, maximum density two units per acre • Planned and appropriate for medium density, four units per acre • If appropriate, site re-zoned R-2/R-3: developers who chose to exceed two units per acre must meet TDR requirements and R-3 regulations • Assume developer wants to build 40 units • 20 units are baseline (10 acres X 2 units/acre) • 20 units are bonus units requiring one TDR or $10,000 in lieu of each TDR • 20 TDRs would preserve one 40-acre farm with 1,000 feet of road frontage

  23. Township Receiving Areas Township draft resolution proposes new Planned Development Overlay Zone • Allows exemplary projects that serve as receiving areas • Preserves farmland • Promotes community and sense of place

  24. Proposed PD Overlay Minimum 20% on site open space Commercial, recreational, institutional and public uses can be approved if compatible with predominantly residential use PD zone has its own development requirements Special environmental review process TDR requirement • Baseline density: one unit/2.5 acres • All units above baseline are bonus, subject to TDR Zoning Commission is not obligated to approve PDs or to allow maximum density permitted by PD

  25. Example: TDR Requirement in PD Overlay Zone Assume 12.5-acre PD • 2.5 acres open space (20%) • 10-acre residential development site • Baseline density (one unit per 2.5 acres) allows four dwelling units • Assume PD approval would allow two units per acre yielding 20 dwelling units • 16 units are bonus and subject to TDR requirements (if all single-family dwellings, 16 TDRs required)

  26. Payment in Lieu Developers can choose to pay $10,000 in lieu of each TDR required Assures developers of ability to comply Should not interfere with average private negotiations Proceeds used primarily to buy easements from eligible sending sites Can fund administration Can be matched with other funds to leverage preservation dollars Amount adjusts automatically each year based on percent change in median housing value in Portage County

  27. Reactive and Proactive Reactive: Draft legislation allows Village and Township to respond to developer proposals Proactive: Village and/or Township can work with developers, landowners and public to plan and ultimately rezone ideal receiving sites one at a time • Intensive public input yields greater consensus • Developers and public gain greater certainty about location and design of future growth

  28. TDR Administration Legislation calls for appointment of TDR Manager to administer program • Employee of Hiram Village, Township, Portage County or other government agency • Tasks often assigned to existing staff position

  29. Conclusion If adopted as drafted, TDR legislation would help preserve farmland and benefit residents of Village and Township (food security, scenic resources, rural character, quality of life)

  30. Next Steps • Work with Village and Township to implement legislation • Finalize Administrative Procedures • Await first transfers • Evaluate • Adjust program as needed

  31. Selected Resources • Rick Pruetz, FAICP, arje@attglobal.net • Saved by Development: Preserving Environmental Areas, Farmland and Historic Landmarks With Transfer of Development Rights by Rick Pruetz, AICP • Beyond Givings and Takings: Saving Natural Areas, Farmland and Historic Landmarks with Transfer of Development Rights and Density Transfer Changes, Rick Pruetz, AICP http://www.beyondtakingsandgivings.com/tdr.htm • Holding Our Ground: Protecting America’s Farms and Farmland by Tom Daniels and Deborah Bowers • Transfer of Development Rights: A Flexible Option for Redirecting Growth in Pennsylvania by Brandywine Conservancy Environmental Management Center http://www.brandywineconservancy.org/

  32. Lynne J. Erickson, AICP, Director Portage County Regional Planning Commission 124 N. Prospect St. Ravenna, OH 44266 330-297-3613 lerickson@pcrpc.org