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Model-Driven Development for Embedded Software Product Lines

Model-Driven Development for Embedded Software Product Lines

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Model-Driven Development for Embedded Software Product Lines

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  1. Model-Driven Development for Embedded Software Product Lines Julia Rubin, Tali Yatzkar-Haham, and Uri Avraham Model Driven Engineering TechnologiesIBM Haifa Research Lab June 25, 2008

  2. Handcrafted for individual customers Production Line – Mass Production Mass Customization: large-scale production tailored to individual customers’ needs Product Lines - Motivation • Software is becoming complex • Reuse is becoming an imperative • Mass customization – producing goods and services to meet individual customer's needs – should be done with near mass production efficiency

  3. Software Product Line Engineering Software product lines refers to engineering techniques for creating a portfolio of similar software systems from a shared set of software assets • A product line represents a family of manufactured products • A product line architecture explicitly captures the commonality and variability of a product line components and their compositions Software Product Line Engineering makes it possible to • create software for different products • use variability to customize the software to each different product

  4. Product Management Product Management Domain Engineering Requirements Architecture Components Tests Domain Requirements Engineering Domain Design Domain Realisation Domain Testing Domain Artefacts incl. Variability Model Application Engineering Application Requirements Engineering Application Design Application Realisation Application Testing Application N – Artefacts incl. Variability Model Application 1 – Artefacts incl. Variability Model Requirements Architecture Components Tests Product Line Engineering Framework Domain Engineering:Define and realize the commonality and variability. The goal is to establish a reusable platform Application Engineering:Reuse domain artifacts, exploiting variability to build a product. The goal is to derive a product from the platform established in the Domain Engineering phase Based on the “Software Product Line Engineering” book by Klaus Pohl,Günter Böckle and Frank J. van der Linden

  5. Feature Model - a Mechanism to Capture Commonalities and Variabilities Feature represents requirement or characteristic of a product A MP3 Product Line may include the following (high level) features: • Photo Viewer • Audio Codec • Video Codec • Sound Device • Language • Camera • FM Radio A feature model describes all possible features of a system, and also defines semantic relationships between these features

  6. Feature Model Types • Simple Flat model - feature list • More complex model - connections and grouping of features with conditions among them • mutual exclusive groups • mutual inclusive groups • required dependency between features • selective groups (up to n features from the group) • parameterized features • …

  7. Simple Flat Feature Model

  8. Complex Feature Models are Based on FODA (Feature Oriented Domain Analysis) • Introduced in 1990 by K. Kang et al, Carnegie Mellon Universityhttp://www.sei.cmu.edu/domain-engineering/FODA.html • Has undergone several extensions to improve its expressiveness • The original Feature Diagrams are composed of: • A root element that refers to the complete product line • Feature nodes: mandatory (by default) or optional (with a hollow circle, e.g. coolant). • Relations between nodes that can be: • Consists-of: and-decomposition (e.g. between Monitor Fuel Consumption and its sons) • Consists-of: xor-decomposition (e.g. between Methods and its sons) • Constraints: mutually-exclusive (added as textual annotation)

  9. Tool-Assisted Feature Model Configuration Feature states: User selected (“Registered”) Machine selected (“Registration”, to hold global constraint) User eliminated (“Wish Lists”) Machine eliminated (“Send Wish List”, sub component) Undecided (“Search”)

  10. Feature Model Survey Gears FODA: Feature-Oriented Domain Analysis Feature Modeling Plug-inCardinality-Based Feature Modeling and ConstraintsMapping Features to Models Designing Software Product Lines with UML Hassan Gomaa Software Product Line Engineering

  11. Interesting Qualities • Different lifecycle phases are controlled by feature models of different granularity: • e.g., a requirements feature model is less detailed than a design feature model. • Different degrees of details depending on different perspective • e.g. customer:small degree of details, sales:middle degree of details, development:maximum degree of details • hierarchies among these • Partial configurations

  12. UseCase - Samsung’s Digital Printer Platform (Product Line) INKJET MONO LASER MFP INKJET COLOR LASER MFP MONO LASER MFP COLOR LASER 59 Printers 12

  13. Model Driven Development Environment for Electronics Software Product Lines • Supports component based modeling • Addresses the specific requirements of product line software development • Based on a standard modeling framework (UML) and on the Rational toolset • UML Profile • Takes advantage of existing IBM Rational tooling capabilities: • Editors • Validation framework • Transformation framework • More… • With tooling to automate transformations from models to product artifacts and build scripts

  14. Design - Architecture of Printer Platform DPSVC Printer Services Service Manager PictBridge SmarThru JMS Smart Panel PrintSS ScanSS CopySS CSS Printer Middleware ImSS CommSS FaxSS OSAL HAL Toner Ink No-Nois ScanLens Memory HDD Power Paper VxWorks pSOS Embedded Linux x86 MIPS ARM Albatross ATI Etc Base Platform 14

  15. Architecture of the Printer Platform in RSA

  16. Architecture of the Main Printer Component in RSA Variability Support

  17. COM2 Component Model Highlights • Components are modelled at two different levels - the functionallevel and the buildlevel • Variability can be categorized as external and internal • External variability are variation points that are visible at the level of components and their connections • Internal variability exists internally within the implementations of components • Variability is controlled by configuration variables • The same configuration variable can control variability of one or more components, i.e., the same variability can exist across multiple model elements. • Configuration propagation is used when an assignment of a value to a configuration variable of some component propagates down to all its subcomponents and controls their variability chooses

  18. From Platform Model to Products Platform Model (Product Line Model) Components + VariabilityDigital Printer Platform Update,Add New Features RunValidation Configuration ProductSCX-4321Model Product MJC-8700Model RunValidation Any other printer… Transformation Transformation ProductSCX-4321Build Scripts ProductMJC-8700Build Scripts

  19. Summary - Benefits • Reduction in the average time to create and deploy a new product • Predictive versus opportunistic software reuse • Reduction in the average number of defects per product • Improved quality through reuse • Common elements are reviewed and tested in many products • Reduction ofmaintenance effort • Propagation of error corrections to all products • Better coping withevolution • Adding a new feature to the platform allows adding it to any derived product • Increase in the total number of products that can be effectively deployed and managed • Multiple products are created from the common base • Increase automation using model-driven development

  20. Thank You!Questions?