Mobile & Handheld Readers The Need for Mobile & Handheld Readers in Today's Biometric Projects Speaker: Gregory McConnell, Partner
Presentation Plan 1.0 Intro: Mobile biometric readers. Why? and Why Now? 2.0 Applications of these handheld & Mobile biometric devices 3.0 Basic functionalities of the devices 4.0 Specific features and functionalities 5.0 Which biometric methods are suitable for Mobile & Handheld applications? 6.0 What do they look like? 6.1 How much do they cost? 7.0 Projects around the world who need or use Mobile & Handheld biometric readers.
1.0 Introduction: Mobile & Handheld biometric readers. Why? and Why Now? • With 9-11, vulnerabilities in our ID and travel documents systems are exposed. We want more security. • Gone from using biometrics to protect very few and specific things/places (servers, rooms, files, etc) to authenticate a relatively small number of people. • …to trying to authenticate masses of people, over large territories, in the multitude of places we may find them. • In this new context: • People don’t always come to the authentication point (door,desk/PC) • The technology has to go out to them • Away from the door, the desk/PC, to the car, the boat, the gate, etc.
2.0 Applications • Travel documents check (fast-track passes, visa, foreign vs. domestic passport, etc): • Land boarder control (up-stream verification, from vehicle to vehicle, pre-clearance • Maritime ports (ID V&A on board the ship, in port or out at sea). • Airports (fast-track frequent or domestic travelers through customs)
2.0 Applications • Physical Access & Employee ID • Gate access control • Airport Tarmak • Military base • Power plant • Construction site, other restricted access area • Manned (Guard/clerk) ID check & patrol • Fed. or State Gov. building access • Airport restricted area access and patrol • Vessel crew ID V&A and/or Time and Attendance • Etc.
2.0 Applications • National ID (Permanent Resident, Green Card, etc) • Border entry check • Plane pre-boarding check • Proof of legal age: Voting, purchase of Alcohol or tobacco, etc • Drivers License • Police verification and authentication of license/driver • Healthcare card (Nominative attribution of benefits) • Card authentication in emergency rooms (Canada, France, Germany, Sweden, etc.)
3.0 Basic functionalities of the devices • Read credentials off a ID/Travel document or access token(not necessary if Identity profiles are stored on a server or in the reading device itself) • Verify the validity of the document/token and it’s “issuing authority” • Authentication of the owner of the document/token (person presenting it) through biometrics • Display result of authentication + ID credentials
4.0 Specific features and functionalities • Validation of Origin • Digital signature (digital certificates) • Verification of Data Integrity • Digital signature (DSA, DSS, RSA) • Establishing Trusted Communication between the card and the reader • SAM (Security Access Module) • Perform any other actions with data from card • Log transaction for later download • Send transaction or ID back to a server (Wireless) • Print transaction or related action (Find, ticket, pass, etc)
5.1 Mobile/Handheld or not? • Iris Scan • Large size of reader is prohibitive (No reader available) • Facial Scan • Size (small camera) is not prohibitive • Sub-optimal lighting, background noise (images/people), and cosmetics people where outdoors may cause a problem. • Doesn’t require the individual’s cooperation (good for remote/mobile surveillance, not for handheld). • Hand Geometry • Large size device, not fit for Mobile & Handheld applications
5.2 Mobile/Handheld or not? • Voice recognition • Fits Mobile Wireless applications (authentication with server) • Environmental noise and changes (outdoors) affect accuracy • Signature verification • Has been integrated in handheld & Mobile devices • For signature capture, not V&A • May be issues with token storage
5.3 Mobile/Handheld or not? • Fingerprint sensing • Compact readers (particularly capacitive, thermal and digital linear sensors) • Fits Mobile & Handheld devices • In many cases weatherized (mostly Optical) • Biometric sleeves/hubs available as add-on to PDA (fits into Compact Flash card slot) • A few (3) companies currently manufacture and ship handheld mobile readers (both capacitive and optical)
6.0 What do they look like? • Optical fingerprint reading • Contact smart card reader • Optional 2D barcode card reader • Alpha-numeric keypad • Monochrome Graphical LCD • OS: Proprietary • What does it cost? MSRP: $3,000
6.0 What do they look like? • Capacitive fingerprint reading • Contact smart card reader • Alpha-numeric keypad • Color Graphical LCD • OS: Windows CE • Optional Bluetooth and GSM modules • What does it cost? MSRP: $2,500
6.0 What do they look like? • Capacitive fingerprint reading • Contactless smart card reader: ISO-14443 + ISO 15693 • Optional: 2D barcode reader • Navigational keypad • Monochrome Graphical LCD • OS: Proprietary • Optional: Bluetooth connection • What does it cost? MSRP: $1,025
6.0 What do they look like? • Capacitive fingerprint reading • Contact smart card reader • Navigational keypad + programmable function keys • Touch Screen Graphical color LCD • OS: Windows CE • Ruggedized • Optional: Bluetooth, GSM, desktop and car dockings. • What does it cost? MSRP: $1,900
7.0 Projects with Mobile & Handheld biometric readers USA • Project: Common Access Card (CAC) Solicitor: The U.S DoD • Project: Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) Solicitor: Transportation Security Administration (TSA) • Project: Borders E&E Solicitor: Homeland Security/TSA
7.0 Projects with Mobile & Handheld biometric readers Canada • Project: Restricted Area Pass System Solicitor: Canadian Air Transport Security Administration (CATSA) • Project: Permanent Resident Card Solicitor: Canadian Customs & Revenue Agency (CCRA) • Project: NEXUS Solicitor: CCRA / Citizenship & Immigration Canada (CIC) • Potential Project: Canadian National ID Card Solicitor: CIC
7.0 Projects with Mobile & Handheld biometric readers World • Project: Saudi National ID Card (CAFIS) Solicitor: Saudi Ministry of Interior • Project: Colombian National ID Solicitor: Colombian Fed. Gov. • Project: National ID Card of El Salvador (DUI) Solicitor: El Salvador Fed. Gov. • Etc.