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Get L.A. Moving Plan (A Working Proposal) Transit Coalition Monthly Meeting 23 January 2007 Presentation by Damien Goodmon. LA County Rail Transit 2011. Heavy Rail Red (& Purple) & Green Light Rail Blue, Gold & Expo/Aqua Commuter Rail Metrolink.

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Presentation Transcript

Get L.A. Moving Plan

(A Working Proposal)

Transit Coalition Monthly Meeting

23 January 2007

Presentation by

Damien Goodmon

la county rail transit 2011
LA County Rail Transit 2011
  • Heavy Rail
    • Red (& Purple) & Green
  • Light Rail
    • Blue, Gold & Expo/Aqua
  • Commuter Rail
    • Metrolink
background boston square system
The Square:

Center of the community

- Events/festivals

Job center

Outdoor shopping & dining

Filled with pedestrian activity

Allows small businesses to compete with chains

Harvard Square (Cambridge, MA)

Background: Boston Square System
background boston square system5
Background: Boston Square System

MBTA (“T”)

  • The subway station was the center of the bus system for the local area
    • Hub and Spoke
    • Train = heart
    • Bus = veins
initial research
Initial Research
  • MTA Library
    • Environmental Impact Reports
    • Major Investment Studies
    • MTA Long Range Transportation Plans
    • SCAG Regional Transportation Plans
    • Predecessor Rail Systems: P.E. & LARy
  • Transit Advocates
    • Transit Coalition
    • Skyscraper Page Forum
    • Sierra Club
  • Media
    • Politician’s Statements
  • Research revealed general agreement on need & placement of rapid transit
    • No concrete plan to build a system to get L.A. moving
factors mta transit service policy
Daily Boardings Greater Than 50K/day = 100% Grade Separation

Station Spacing

Urban Rail: Average 1 per mile

Travel time:

30 to 34 miles/hr

Commuter Rail


Factors: MTA Transit Service Policy
factors current transit usage
Factors: Current Transit Usage
  • Bus Ridership
  • Rapid Bus Service
    • Major Transit Corridors
    • Rapid Bus Stations
factors projected traffic increases
Factors: Projected Traffic Increases


  • Red: Less than 20 mph
  • Yellow: 20-35 mph
  • Blue: Greater than 35 mph
factors transit dependency
Factors: Transit Dependency

A census tract is designated transit dependent when according to 2000 census:

  • 13.5% or more households do not own a car.
  • 21.7% or more households include individuals 65 or older, and less than 34.1% have 2 cars, and less than 17.1% have 3 or more cars.
  • 17.6% or more of the households have income of $15,000 or less (in 1999 dollars).
factors destinations
Factors: Destinations
  • Transportation centers, Tourist attractions, Malls, Museums, Stadiums, Entertainment districts, Schools
85% of the Lines are Unoriginal
    • One canvass: Build a system not lines
  • Proposal as of January 2007
  • Digital Production by Steve Boland and Jason Law
get l a moving system stats
Metro Rail

12 Lines

344 Stations

387 Total Miles of Revenue Track

309 Miles of New Track

Metrolink Lines

10 Lines

30 Metrolink Stations (LA County)

86.8 Miles of New Track

Hollywood/Highland Station

Get L.A. Moving System Stats
getting it built organization
Divide Map Along Metro Sector Boundaries

San Fernando, Westside-Central, South Bay, Gateway, San Gabriel

2011: System will have branches to build from in all sectors

Complete projects within boundaries by uniform date

Joint Powers Authorities or divisions of larger construction authority

JPA advantages: More flexibility (state laws) & quicker response to construction challenges

Division advantages: Design consistency, central project management & improved overall coordination

Metro’s Current

Planning Districts/Sectors

Getting It Built: Organization
getting it built aggressive schedule
13 Year Deadline

Simultaneous Investment

First 3 years:

Develop bureaucracy(ies)

Finalize EIR or begin design or construction of projects with up-to-date studies

Train workforce

Ensuing 10 years:

All projects in EIR, Design or Build stage

Involve the entire county throughout the process

M.O.S./Phased Openings

Example: Westside-Central JPA/Division

Total: 79.2 miles of new rail

Getting It Built: Aggressive Schedule
getting it built tunneling
Getting It Built: Tunneling
  • Community preferred
    • Significantly less environmental impacts during construction and operation
      • Permits longer construction workday if necessary (16-22 hours)
  • Tunneling has become cost competitive (capital)
    • At-grade option not as attractive
      • More expensive (real estate acquisition, longer construction schedules, utility relocation, etc.)
      • Metro Transit Service Policy requires route serving 50K/day to be 100% grade separated
    • Elevated rail nearly as expensive as subway
  • Drastic improvements in tunneling technology
    • Single-bore twin track instead of twin tunnel
    • One tunnel boring machine = 3 miles/yr
      • 11 T.B.M.s = Excavate 33 miles/yr
    • Not limited to corridor
      • Diversions possible
        • GLAM: 99% on streets & highways
    • Shallow Tunneling
      • Allows open air (trench) stations

50’ diameter tunnel boring machine (Madrid)

getting it built stations
Boring Shallow Tunnels with Open-cut/Open-air/Trench Stations

Trench stations significantly cheaper than cut-and-cover Stations:

Open-cut stations: $15-25 million each

Red line MOS-3 (Opened 2000: Hollywood/Highland to North Hollywood)

Cut-and-cover stations: $61-78 million each

Tunnels: $40-45 mil/mile

Possible placement of Crenshaw Line Leimert Park open-cut station (Leimert/Vernon):

D.C. Metro Open Cut Station:

Getting It Built: Stations
getting it built financing
Capital Cost: $31-38B

Economy of Scale:

Subway: $100-125 million/mile

At-grade: $40-60 million/mile

$20 Billion County Bond

Bond repayment: $1.3 billion/year

‘06 LA County budget: $21 billion (likely $24B by ‘10)

State & Federal Matches

Several projects would be #1 urban rail priority in the country and #1 transportation priority in the state

Need to identify additional funding sources

2010 County Budget:

2023 County Budget:

Getting It Built: Financing
case study beijing
Case Study: Beijing

“Underground” Expansion Plans:

  • Jan 2007: 71 miles (33 miles of subway)
  • 2010: 169 miles
  • 2020: 348 miles
  • Proves it is physically possible to build a substantial amount of subway tunnels quickly
case study madrid
“Many cities around the world desperately need new metro lines, but they cannot afford to build them at an estimated [$300 million to $400 million per mile], nor be forced to wait a dozen years for the lines to become reality. The truth is these estimates of cost and time are simply wrong. In Madrid, with all humbleness, we have now proved it on more than one occasion.”

- Madrid Metro President Manuel Melis

‘95 - ’99 Subway Expansion:

23 miles at $70 million/mile

‘99 - ’03 Subway Expansion:

36 miles at $85 million/mile

Included rolling stock and yard

‘03-’07 Subway Expansion:

33 miles

Spain: World’s 8th largest economy, European Union country, union labor, stringent environmental & safety standards

Case Study: Madrid
case study madrid24
Economy of scale

Sizeable but functional stations

Single-bore (31’ diameter), twin-track tunnels

10 T.B.M.s currently in operation

Simultaneous investment

Divide project into small manageable segments

Civil contracts plus two specialist consultants contracts for quality control & technical assistance

Fixed price with a bill of quantities

Architectural and civil engineering project management the responsibility of a small group of engineers employed by government

‘99 - ‘03 Expansion: 3 chiefs engineers and 6 associates

Designer exclusion from construction

Time is money: both to engineers/contractors and system patrons

Extensive monitoring of conditions around worksite

Political leaders respond to construction concerns within 24 hours

Case Study: Madrid
case study los angeles
Case Study: Los Angeles
  • Mayor’s Sept. 8 Meeting:
    • 13-mile Wilshire subway: construction to operation in 18 months
      • 8 - 10 T.B.M.s simultaneously excavating twin tunnels
      • Requires capital up front
  • Mayor: Currently polling a local bond to complete local transit projects
current state nimby to imbyf
Current State: NIMBY to IMBYF
  • NIMBY: Not in my backyard
  • IMBYF: In my backyard first
    • Lack of large dedicated funding source forces LA County politicians and transit advocates to compete against one another instead of combine their powerful forces to work together
    • Wastes time and resources necessary to effectively lobby for matching funds: state, federal & private
  • Short phases take too long to complete
    • Wilshire Subway: Who wants to wait 20 years?
    • Term-limited politicians and voters have no confidence rail expansion will directly benefit them
      • Direct result of piecemeal planning
  • Shared Burden = Shared Benefit
    • Christmas tree legislation/Coalition building: The more stakeholders invested in the success of the system the greater the commitment to its completion
angelinos want a solution
Angelinos Want A Solution
  • Crises: Mobility, Gas Prices, Environment, Terrorism
  • Mass transit is the solution
    • Poll: 60% of county voters are willing to increase taxes for rail expansion projects
      • Issues are not partisan; impact everyone
        • Potential to create a truly widespread coalition
      • Current efforts to lower threshold from 2/3rds to 3/5ths or 55%
la economy requires a solution
The high cost of traffic/personal autos

Lost income

Goods movement

Companies have to increase salaries to attract the skilled workers willing to endure the commute

Lost time with families and friends

Health impacts

The housing crisis

3 - 6 million more Angelinos by 2020: where are they going to live?

Saturate marketplace with housing

Must increase density where appropriate without sacrificing mobility

The high cost of sprawl

Infrastructure: civil & social services

D.C. Metro Silver Springs station before and after

LA Economy Requires a Solution
transit villages smart growth
Transform our streets currently lined with single-use land and single-story buildings into walkable, bikeable, livable and enjoyable communities

Elegantly increase density where appropriate

Create and cultivate thriving local economies and small businesses

Connect our communities and major destinations (not just intersections)

Lifecycle cost versus Capital cost

Create transit-oriented development not just transit-proximate development

While preserving single-family home neighborhoods

Arlington County, VA (EPA Smart Growth award):

Transit Villages/Smart Growth

Los Angeles General Plan (1974)

we are the vehicle for change
We are the Vehicle for Change
  • Support is going to come from the grassroots
    • It takes courage, commitment and long-term vision not currently widespread among politicians
    • Up to average Joe & Jane Citizen to spark the conversation about a regional master plan and educate the electorate about its importance
    • We must continue working together to maximize our limited resources of time and energy, and inspire average citizens to join the effort
  • There are many steps in this journey:
    • Preserving and increasing mass transit operational funding, 1998 Prop. A ban, Robbins law, etc.
los angeles is a world city
Los Angeles Is A World City

Learn from fellow world city’s successes and challenges:

  • London
  • Tokyo
  • New York
  • Paris
  • (Curitiba’s not on the list of world cities)
city of dreams can do country
City of Dreams/“Can Do” Country
  • L.A. voters responded to the school overcrowding crisis with 19.2 billion in bonds and now students that attended elementary schools that were busting at the seams when the bonds were passed have a completely new choice of brand-new first class high schools to attend
  • We have the capacity - Let’s create the plan - LET’S GET L.A. MOVING!