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Introduction to ESDS International. Celia Russell Economic and Social Data Service MIMAS April 14 th 2004 University of Manchester. Introduction to ESDS International . Celia Russell and Jack Kneeshaw Economic and Social Data Service (Universities of Manchester and Essex) January 2011.

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Introduction to esds international
Introduction to ESDS International

Celia Russell

Economic and Social Data Service


April 14th 2004

University of Manchester

Introduction to ESDS International

Celia Russell and Jack Kneeshaw

Economic and Social Data Service

(Universities of Manchester and Essex)

January 2011

The economic and social data service esds
The Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS)

  • national data archiving and dissemination service for social science data

  • principal data service for UK academic social science community

  • provides help and data support

  • available at

  • core archiving services plus four specialist dataservices

Specialist data services
Specialist data services

  • ESDS International

  • ESDS Government

  • ESDS Longitudinal

  • ESDS Qualidata


    • dedicated web sites

    • data and documentation enhancements

    • user support

    • training

Esds international
ESDS International

  • provides free web-based access to key international macro level databanks

  • helps users locate and acquire international micro level datasets

  • promotes the use of international datasets in research and teaching across a range of disciplines

  • is run by Mimas at the University of Manchester and the UK Data Archive at the University of Essex

Macro and micro data
Macro and micro data

  • ESDS International is split into two types of data:

  • Aggregate or macro data are data that has been aggregated to a country or regional level. This type of data is typically produced by inter-governmental organisations like the UN or World Bank. All the aggregate databanks contain time series data.

  • Survey or micro data are data about individuals. This type of data is typically produced by an organisation in the academic sector and looks at values and attitudes.

Macro international data providers
Macro International Data Providers

  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)

  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

  • United Nations (UN)

  • World Bank

  • Eurostat

  • UK Office for National Statistics

  • International Energy Agency

Aggregate data portfolio
Aggregate data portfolio …

ESDS International provides free online access to the full versions of the latest releases of these databases to the UK academic community.

Accessing the data
Accessing the Data

  • freely available to UK FE and HE

  • access via Federated access (Shibboleth) authentication and ESDS online registration

  • special conditions may also apply

  • delivered over the web via Beyond 20/20 Web Data Server (WDS)

  • download formats include *.xls, *.csv and *.ivt

Imf databanks
IMF databanks

  • International Financial Statistics

  • Government Finance Statistics

  • Balance of Payments Statistics

  • Direction of Trade

  • World Economic Outlook

The five major databanks produced by the IMF contain data on national accounts, trade, the balance of payments and government spending for around 190 countries. Collectively, they provide a global picture of economic development and international trade over the last 50 years.

Imf international financial statistics
IMF International Financial Statistics

  • standard source for all aspects of international and domestic finance

  • published and updated monthly since 1948

  • includes over 200 countries

  • reports time series data on exchange rates, balance of payments, international liquidity, money and banking, interest rates, prices, production, international transactions, government accounts, national accounts

  • Has 3 sections: world tables, country tables and commodity prices

Imf balance of payments statistics
IMF Balance of Payments Statistics

  • 175 countries worldwide

  • covers balance of payment components and international investment positions of countries worldwide

  • Where available, most countries’ data extend from 1970’s to the present

  • Quarterly and annual data, updated montly

Imf government finance statistics
IMF Government Finance Statistics

  • Covers data government income (such as tax and bonds) and expenditure by sector (defence, education, health, etc) for all levels of government (national, state, local)

  • 149 countries worldwide

  • Annual time series data, running 1990 onwards.

  • historical (pre 1990) data is released as a separate database

World economic outlook
World Economic Outlook

  • Each year the IMF produce the World Economic Outlook report, which presents the IMF staff's analysis and projections of economic developments at the global level

  • The WEO database contains the data that underpins that report

  • data on national accounts, inflation, unemployment rates, balance of payments, fiscal indicators, and commodity prices

  • Projections for most indicators run up to 2015

Imf direction of trade
IMF Direction of Trade

  • Contains data on the value of exports and imports between each country and all its trading partners

  • 186 countries and 12 regional groups from the 1980’s onwards

  • Monthly, quarterly and annual data are presented

  • Data runs from 1980 to the present

  • The database is updated monthly

Long and consistent time series

Stable data domains

Good geographic and temporal coverage

Up-to-date data

Inside the database
Inside the database

An idea of database size…

Around 70,000 time series

Around 2.1 million annual data values

Around 25 million monthly data values

World bank databases
World Bank Databases

  • Collects data on all aspects of human development worldwide

  • Annual data, designed for international comparability

  • World Development Indicators

  • Global Development Finance

  • Africa Development Indicators

World development indicators
World Development Indicators

The World Development Indicators provides a broad picture of poverty trends and social welfare, the use of environmental resources, the performance of the public sector, and the integration of the global economy.

  • Global database covers 190 countries

  • Annual data starting 1960

  • Widely cited

  • Our most popular database

Global development finance
Global Development Finance

  • financial flows to developing countries.

  • exclusively covers developing countries

  • also contains the Bank's projections for debt repayments etc for next ten years

  • Annual data starting 1970’s

Africa development indicators
Africa Development Indicators

  • Very comprehensive source of data on Africa

  • Time series data starting 1965 on 1,200 indicators for over 50 sub-Saharan countries

  • Data on household welfare, demography, health, education, the regulatory environment, national accounts, trade and debt, communications, transport, energy and the environment.

  • Data on Africa can be patchy – this database fills in gaps with estimates for missing data

Introduction to esds international

Example from Global Development FinanceTotal Workers Remittances

Organisation for economic cooperation and development
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

  • OECD Education Statistics

  • OECD Globalisation

  • OECD International Development

  • OECD International Direct Investment Statistics

  • OECD International Migration Statistics

  • OECD International Trade by Commodities Statistics

  • OECD Main Economic Indicators

  • OECD Main Science and Technology Indicators

  • OECD National Accounts

  • OECD Quarterly Labour Force Statistics

  • OECD Services Statistics

  • OECD Social Expenditure Database

  • OECD STructural ANalysis


National statistics and eurostat
National Statistics and Eurostat

National Statistics Time series data

  • is a comprehensive database of more than 40,000 economic and socio-economic time series for the UK

    Eurostat New Cronos

  • is the main database produced by the EU’s statistical office, containing detailed harmonised data on a range of social and economic themes at a national and regional level for EU member countries

Overseas students in uk higher education source eurostat new cronos 2010
Overseas students in UK higher education Source: Eurostat New Cronos 2010

Un and its agencies
UN and its agencies

  • The UN Common database has been used for many years by the UN internally as a basis for the formulation of policy. Covers a huge range of human development topics including health, culture, family life, education and the environment

  • COMTRADE country-country pair data on imports and exports of commodities and manufactured goods

  • The UNIDO Industrial Statistics and Demand Supply databanks cover employment and trade world-wide, broken down by country and manufacturing sector.

International energy agency
International Energy Agency

  • CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion

  • Energy Prices and Taxes

  • Energy Technology Research and Development Database

  • World Energy Statistics and Balances

    • Energy Statistics of OECD Countries

    • Energy Balances of OECD Countries

    • Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries

    • Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries

Iea specialist databanks
IEA specialist databanks

  • Electricity information

  • Coal Information

  • Natural Gas Information

  • Oil Information

  • Renewables Information

Countries of interest
Countries of interest

Source: ESDS International World Bank web server logs

India United Kingdom Mexico Brazil South Africa Ghana Nigeria Kenya China United States


Foreign direct investmentLand useFood exportsFinal consumption expenditureAdjusted net savings

International survey data www esds ac uk international access micro asp
International survey data:


  • Programme of cross-national and cross-temporal comparative social research, designed to monitor social and political attitudes

  • Carried out bi-annually since the early 1970s

  • Coverage across all EU member states

  • EBs are made available to analyse and download online (registration required) via ZACAT:

Other regional barometers
Other regional barometers

  • Like the EB, the Latinobarómetro, the Afrobarometer, Arab Barometer and Asia(n)barometer all measure opinions, attitudes, behaviours, and values of the people of the region on such issues as the economy, politics, culture, social policies and the distribution of wealth

  • ESDS International provides links to access these data – free, but registration required

Eurofound surveys
Eurofound surveys

  • Eurofound is an EU body, whose role is to provide information, advice and expertise on living and working conditions in Europe

    • European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS)

    • European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS)

    • European Company Survey (ECS), was Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance (ESWT)

  • Access via ESDS catalogue

European election study
European Election Study

  • Focus on electoral participation and voting behaviour in European Parliament elections

  • Seven studies so far: 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004 and 2009

  • Open access to recent studies via

European social survey
European Social Survey

  • Biennial multi-country survey covering over 30 nations which aims to measure and explain trends in attitudes, beliefs and values across European nations

  • Access via ESS Data Archive web site (registration required) is free of charge and provided by the Norwegian Social Science Data Services

  • Users can currently access data and documentation from rounds 1, 2, 3 and 4

  • ESS Data Archive:

International social survey programme
International Social Survey Programme

  • Continuing (since 1983) annual programme of cross-national collaboration on surveys covering topics important for social science research

  • Each survey has a special focus, e.g. the environment; the role of government; social inequality

  • ISSP data are made available to analyse and download online (registration required) via ZACAT:

World values survey
World Values Survey

  • Designed to enable a cross-national, cross-cultural comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe.

  • To date four waves have been conducted in 1981-1984, 1990-1993, 1995-1997, and 1999-2004; responses have been integrated into one dataset, to facilitate time series analysis

  • Access (registration required):

    >Bancos de Datos ASEP/JDS web site:

    >World Values Survey web site:

Young lives birth cohort study
Young Lives birth cohort study

  • Long-term project investigating the changing nature of childhood poverty in four developing countries

  • Conducted in Ethiopia, India (in the Andhra Pradesh state), Peru and Vietnam

  • Study aims to follow 2,000 children (aged approximately 1 year in 2002) and their households, from both urban and rural communities, in each of the four countries (8,000 children in total) for a period of 15 years

  • Access via ESDS catalogue

Introduction to esds international

Selected countries/samples: Argentina 1998, Argentina 2000, Argentina 2001, Argentina 2002, Argentina 2003, Argentina 2004, Argentina 2005

Www esds ac uk international resources research asp Argentina 2001, Argentina 2002, Argentina 2003, Argentina 2004, Argentina 2005

  • Cross-national surveys

    • growing inventory

  • Database of survey questions

    • to be developed topic by topic; ‘trust’ first

  • Methodology, measurement and analysis

    • e.g. translation, equivalence/harmonisation

  • Forums, networks and centres of expertise

    • links to centres conducting cross-national research

Www surveynet ac uk index search aspx collectionid 1099 Argentina 2001, Argentina 2002, Argentina 2003, Argentina 2004, Argentina 2005

Case studies 50 reward
Case Studies - £50 reward! Argentina 2001, Argentina 2002, Argentina 2003, Argentina 2004, Argentina 2005

Esds international provides
ESDS International provides: Argentina 2001, Argentina 2002, Argentina 2003, Argentina 2004, Argentina 2005

Up to date data – the databanks are updated with the latest releases

Data free at point of use (licence costs paid centrally)

Single web interface to all the aggregate databanks – users only have to learn it once

Helps users locate and acquire international micro level datasets

Single portal for wide range of international databanks, links to other resources eg freely available data

Consistent and comprehensive documentation

Training, user support, helpful helpdesk on



Questions? Argentina 2001, Argentina 2002, Argentina 2003, Argentina 2004, Argentina 2005