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ILLUSTRATION ILLUSTRATION ILLUSTRATION. Cave Painting, Lascaux, France, 20,000 years old. Cave Painting, Lascaux, France 20,000 years old. Eagle Ranch Cave Painting, Australia 4000 years old. Cave Painting Australia Date Unknown. Petroglyphs Utah. Petroglyph, Utah Freemont Period

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slide5

Cave Painting

Australia

Date Unknown

slide7

Petroglyph, Utah

Freemont Period

500AD – 1500AD

slide8

Navajo Pictograph

Utah, after 1540 AD

slide10

Sumerian Cuneiform Script

4500 years old

Egyptian Pyramid Text

3000 years old

slide11

Papyrus fragment of a spell from the Book of the Dead written for Nes-pauti-taui, Egypt c. 1000 BC

Heiroglyphs from the “Papyrus of Ani,” Book of the Dead Egypt, 1292 BC – 1185 BC

slide12

Illustration from the Papyrus of Ani

Ani and his wife bow, while the god Anubis weighs Ani’s heart against the feather of truth.

slide13

Papyrus of Nany, a woman in her seventies, chantress of Amun-Re. She holds her mouth and eyes in her hand, while her heart is weighed.

slide14

Maya Codices (Books)

Heiroglyphics written on amatyl paper

Yucatan, c. 1500 AD

Many such records of Mayan civilization were destroyed by the Spanish Conquistadors and priests in 1562. Only three remain.

slide15

Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts

“Book of Kells”

Four Gospels with Latin text

Ireland, c. 800 AD

slide16

Book Cover with Byzantine Icon of the Crucifixion

Ivory icon carved about 1000 AD in Constantinople.

Book cover gilded silver on wood backing, set with sapphires, glass and crystal, made in Spain before 1085 AD.

slide17

Hand-Written Manuscript

Tempera and gold leaf with brown ink on parchment.

French, c.1290 AD

slide18

“The Entombment”

Tempera colors and gold leaf on parchment

Attributed to Masters of Dirc van Delf, Dutch

Utrecht, c. 1405-1410 AD

slide19

“Hours of Simon de Varie,” Illuminated by Jean Fouquet Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, & iron gall ink on parchment, covered with red morocco (soft goatskin leather). French, 1455 AD

slide21

Breviary belonging to Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots Her notes can be seen in the margins

Late 1400s AD

slide22

Printed Manuscripts Appear with the Renaissance

Italian Bible, Book 2

Printed text with Handcolored Woodcut Illustrations

slide23

“Poliphilo’s Dream about the Strife of Love” by Colonna Woodcut illustrations with printed text, Venice, 1499

slide24

“The Dissection” by Johannes de Ketham

Printed medical book with woodcut illustrations which have been colored using stencils or hand-pressed color blocks.

slide25

“Zodiac Man”

Chart combining medicine and astrology, used by doctors to determine the best time to operate or let blood from certain organs.

Italian, 1400-1600 AD

slide26

Modern Illustration serves many purposes

Illustrated books are still used for instruction.

“Gray’s Anatomy” 1977

slide27

Illustrations can be used to add information to scientific or technical texts.

“Large as Life, Daytime Animals”

Text by Joanna Cole

Illustrations by Kenneth Lilly

1985

slide28

Photography and digital artwork is often used to illustrate products.

Text is frequently treated as a graphic component, adding visual interest to illustrations, particularly in advertising.

slide29

Illustrations can be used to provide conceptual images.

“Effigia okeefeae,” related to the forbears of modern crocodiles.

National Geographic, March 2007

slide30

Illustrations can be used to influence.

Newspaper illustration by Frederick Remington. William Randolph Hearst, owner of the paper, allegedly told Remington, “You supply the drawings. I’ll supply the war.” Such inflammatory drawings and stories influenced the decision to enter the Spanish American War in 1896.

slide31

Illustrations can add a great deal to Creative Writing.

In the late 1800s, illustrators created images full of action for novels and historical fiction.

“On the Irrawaddy” by G.A. Henty, 1896

slide33

Text is absorbed and understood in a linear manner. In most cultures, this travels from left to right and top to bottom.

The movie

Ice Age

Visual images are absorbed and understood all at once.

features:

a mammoth,

a sabertooth,

a squirrel

and a sloth.

slide34

Text and Illustrations are both symbol systems.

Language is an expression of thought.

Written language is an expression of verbal language.

Understanding is achieved through mastery of vocabulary, grammar and syntax.

Rich mental images and emotional response are achieved through metaphor, simile, rhythm and tone.

Visual images incorporate many symbols within specific cultural contexts.

Illustrations provide a wide range of images, from realistic to suggestive to abstract.

Through the use of color and other elements, visual images elicit emotional responses, often without engaging the language/thought process.

slide35

Congruency

Faithful depiction of what is written

“Under the Window” by Kate Greenaway 1879

slide36

Simplification

Background and other information is excluded.

“The Country Bunny and the Little Golden Shoes,” by Du Bose Heyward,

Illustrated by Marjorie Flack

1939

slide37

Elaboration

An extension of what is written

“The Day Jimmy’s Boa Ate the Wash” by Trinka Hakes Noble

Illustration by Steven Kellogg

1980

slide38

Foretelling

Hinting at an event which has not happened in the story yet

“Raggedy Ann and Andy and the Wishing Pebble”

Illustrated by Cathy Beylon

1987

slide39

Deviation

When the illustrator adds visual information beyond what is written, the story can be enhanced or expanded.

If the illustrator chooses to create images which are in opposition to what is written, the story can become a farce or satire.

slide40

Continuous Narration

Simplest type of illustration

A series of pictures depict the action of the narrative.

“There’s a Nightmare in My Closet”

Written and illustrated by Mercer Mayer

1968

slide48

Time and Change can evolve over several pages

“Once There Was a Tree”

Written by Natalia Romanova

Illustrated by Gennady Spirin

1983

slide49

Border Decorations

Simple or elaborate, they tie the pages together as a whole.

slide51

“The Glassmakers of Gurven”

Written by Marlys Boddy

Illustrated by Joe Boddy

slide52

Personification

Objects or animals portrayed as human

“Aesop’s Fables”

Illustrated by Arthur Rackham

Facsimile of 1912 edition

slide54

Different art styles can work for the same story

By Daniel San Souci

By Anne Rockwell

slide55

“Where the Sidewalk Ends” 1987

Poems and Drawings by Shel Silverstein

Line Art

slide56

“Salome: The Peacock Skirt”

Pen and ink

by Aubrey Beardsley

1894

slide58

Use bold shapes to create drama

Pen and Ink

“Portrait of James McNeill Whistler”

Aubrey Beardsley

1894

slide59

Use juxtaposition to create fantasy or dream images

“The Ecstacy of St. Rose of Lima”

Pen and ink

by Aubrey Beardsley

1896

slide60

Use facial expression and body language to tell the story

“Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day”

By Judith Viorst

Illustrationed by Ray Cruz

1972

slide62

Illustrations do not have to be detailed to be effective.

“The Long Day” by Ben Wohlberg, 1961

slide63

Color creates mood

“Glassmakers of Gurven”

Illustrated by Joe Boddy

slide65

Unusual composition adds interest

Illustration for Pacific Mills

By John Gannam