ILLUSTRATION ILLUSTRATION ILLUSTRATION. Cave Painting, Lascaux, France, 20,000 years old. Cave Painting, Lascaux, France 20,000 years old. Eagle Ranch Cave Painting, Australia 4000 years old. Cave Painting Australia Date Unknown. Petroglyphs Utah. Petroglyph, Utah Freemont Period
20,000 years old
4000 years old
500AD – 1500AD
Utah, after 1540 AD
4500 years old
Egyptian Pyramid Text
3000 years old
Papyrus fragment of a spell from the Book of the Dead written for Nes-pauti-taui, Egypt c. 1000 BC
Heiroglyphs from the “Papyrus of Ani,” Book of the Dead Egypt, 1292 BC – 1185 BC
Ani and his wife bow, while the god Anubis weighs Ani’s heart against the feather of truth.
Papyrus of Nany, a woman in her seventies, chantress of Amun-Re. She holds her mouth and eyes in her hand, while her heart is weighed.
Heiroglyphics written on amatyl paper
Yucatan, c. 1500 AD
Many such records of Mayan civilization were destroyed by the Spanish Conquistadors and priests in 1562. Only three remain.
“Book of Kells”
Four Gospels with Latin text
Ireland, c. 800 AD
Ivory icon carved about 1000 AD in Constantinople.
Book cover gilded silver on wood backing, set with sapphires, glass and crystal, made in Spain before 1085 AD.
Tempera and gold leaf with brown ink on parchment.
French, c.1290 AD
Tempera colors and gold leaf on parchment
Attributed to Masters of Dirc van Delf, Dutch
Utrecht, c. 1405-1410 AD
“Hours of Simon de Varie,” Illuminated by Jean Fouquet Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, & iron gall ink on parchment, covered with red morocco (soft goatskin leather). French, 1455 AD
Breviary belonging to Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots Her notes can be seen in the margins
Late 1400s AD
Italian Bible, Book 2
Printed text with Handcolored Woodcut Illustrations
“Poliphilo’s Dream about the Strife of Love” by Colonna Woodcut illustrations with printed text, Venice, 1499
Printed medical book with woodcut illustrations which have been colored using stencils or hand-pressed color blocks.
Chart combining medicine and astrology, used by doctors to determine the best time to operate or let blood from certain organs.
Italian, 1400-1600 AD
Illustrated books are still used for instruction.
“Gray’s Anatomy” 1977
Illustrations can be used to add information to scientific or technical texts.
“Large as Life, Daytime Animals”
Text by Joanna Cole
Illustrations by Kenneth Lilly
Text is frequently treated as a graphic component, adding visual interest to illustrations, particularly in advertising.
“Effigia okeefeae,” related to the forbears of modern crocodiles.
National Geographic, March 2007
Newspaper illustration by Frederick Remington. William Randolph Hearst, owner of the paper, allegedly told Remington, “You supply the drawings. I’ll supply the war.” Such inflammatory drawings and stories influenced the decision to enter the Spanish American War in 1896.
In the late 1800s, illustrators created images full of action for novels and historical fiction.
“On the Irrawaddy” by G.A. Henty, 1896
“Five Little Peppers & How They Grew,” by Margaret Sidney, 1881
Text is absorbed and understood in a linear manner. In most cultures, this travels from left to right and top to bottom.
Visual images are absorbed and understood all at once.
and a sloth.
Language is an expression of thought.
Written language is an expression of verbal language.
Understanding is achieved through mastery of vocabulary, grammar and syntax.
Rich mental images and emotional response are achieved through metaphor, simile, rhythm and tone.
Visual images incorporate many symbols within specific cultural contexts.
Illustrations provide a wide range of images, from realistic to suggestive to abstract.
Through the use of color and other elements, visual images elicit emotional responses, often without engaging the language/thought process.
Faithful depiction of what is written
“Under the Window” by Kate Greenaway 1879
Background and other information is excluded.
“The Country Bunny and the Little Golden Shoes,” by Du Bose Heyward,
Illustrated by Marjorie Flack
An extension of what is written
“The Day Jimmy’s Boa Ate the Wash” by Trinka Hakes Noble
Illustration by Steven Kellogg
Hinting at an event which has not happened in the story yet
“Raggedy Ann and Andy and the Wishing Pebble”
Illustrated by Cathy Beylon
When the illustrator adds visual information beyond what is written, the story can be enhanced or expanded.
If the illustrator chooses to create images which are in opposition to what is written, the story can become a farce or satire.
Simplest type of illustration
A series of pictures depict the action of the narrative.
“There’s a Nightmare in My Closet”
Written and illustrated by Mercer Mayer
Continuous Narrative Illustration is often used in books for young children who cannot read.
“Owl At Home” Written & illustrated by Arnold Loble, 1975
“Once There Was a Tree”
Written by Natalia Romanova
Illustrated by Gennady Spirin
Simple or elaborate, they tie the pages together as a whole.
Written by Marlys Boddy
Illustrated by Joe Boddy
Objects or animals portrayed as human
Illustrated by Arthur Rackham
Facsimile of 1912 edition
By Daniel San Souci
By Anne Rockwell
Poems and Drawings by Shel Silverstein
Pen and ink
by Aubrey Beardsley
Pen and Ink
“Portrait of James McNeill Whistler”
“The Ecstacy of St. Rose of Lima”
Pen and ink
by Aubrey Beardsley
“Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day”
By Judith Viorst
Illustrationed by Ray Cruz
By Tedd Arnold
“The Long Day” by Ben Wohlberg, 1961
“Glassmakers of Gurven”
Illustrated by Joe Boddy
Illustration for Pacific Mills
By John Gannam