high nature value farmland in strandzha l.
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High Nature Value farmland in Strandzha Koen De Rijck - for EFNCP / WWF-DCP Strandzha seminar, 26-27 June 2007 Land use Total area of Strandzha Nature Park: about 116.000 ha 80% of Strandzha NP: forest Broad-leaf forests prevail Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis), Oak (several species)

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high nature value farmland in strandzha

High Nature Value farmland in Strandzha

Koen De Rijck - for EFNCP / WWF-DCPStrandzha seminar, 26-27 June 2007

land use
Land use
  • Total area of Strandzha Nature Park: about 116.000 ha
  • 80% of Strandzha NP: forest
    • Broad-leaf forests prevail
    • Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis), Oak (several species)
land use4
Land use
  • Total area of Strandzha Nature Park: 116.000 ha
  • 80% of Strandzha NP: forest
    • Broad-leaf forests prevail
    • Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis), Oak (several species)
    • Evergreen underbrush of Strandzha rhododendron (Rhododendron ponticum)
land use6
Land use
  • About 10-12% of Strandzha NP is agricultural land:
    • Pastures
land use7
Land use
  • About 10-12% of Strandzha NP is agricultural land:
    • Pastures
    • Orchards
    • Arable land
land ownership
Land ownership
  • Private property: 54% of agricultural land or 11.800 ha
  • Temporarily managed by municipality: 35,1% or 7.700 ha
  • Municipal ownership: 7,7% or 1.700 ha
  • State ownership: 2,5% or 550 ha
concept
Concept
  • High Nature Value farmland are those areas in Europe where agriculture is a major (usually the dominant) land use and where that agriculture supports, or is associated with, either a high species and habitat diversity or the presence of species of European conservation concern, or both
farmland species diversity
Farmland species diversity
  • Species directly connected to farmland: 25
    • 13 mammal species
    • 8 birds
      • Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix), Quail (Coturnix coturnix), Corncrake (Crex crex), Sky Lark (Alauda arvensis), Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris), Black-headed Bunting (Emberiza malanocephala)
    • 4 reptiles
      • Dione's Snake, Green Whip Snake
farmland species diversity11
Farmland species diversity
  • Species depending on extensive grassland management: 104 invertebrates and 60 vertebrates
    • Mammals
      • Marbled Polecat (Mustela putorius), mole rat, Souslik (Citellus citellus), mole, shrews (Sorex spp.), mice rodents, Hamster
    • Birds
      • eagles (Aquila spp.), White Stork (Ciconia ciconia), Little Owl (Athena noctua), Roller, Hoopoe (Upupa epops)
  • Farmland provides food for 90-95 species inhabitantsof the forests, rocks and caves
farmland species diversity12
Farmland species diversity
  • Breeding niche of 9 priority mammal species, birds and reptiles and of over 100 invertebrate species of significance for conservation
  • Provides food for more than 20 species of priority mammals and birds.
  • Farmland in Strandzha is biotope of European significance
typology
Typology
  • Type 1: Farmland with a high proportion of semi-natural vegetation
  • Type 2: Farmland dominated by low intensity agriculture or a mosaic of semi-natural and cultivated land and small-scale features
  • Type 3: Farmland supporting rare species or a high proportion of European or world populations
high nature value farmland in strandzha16

High Nature Value farmland in Strandzha

Koen De Rijck - for EFNCP / WWF-DCPStrandzha seminar, 26-27 June 2007