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Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA PowerPoint Presentation
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Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA

Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA

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Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA

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Presentation Transcript

  1. FROM NATURAL HAZARDS TO DISASTERS AND DISASTER RESILIENCE A 3-Part Story That Can Take 40 Years, or More, to Live Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA

  2. TO BECOME DISASTER RESILIENT, OR NOT, THAT IS THE QUESTION (PART III)

  3. UNDERSTANDING DISASTER RESILIENCEA realistic, time-dependent and policy-driven process

  4. FOUR PILLARS OF RESILIENCE • NATURAL HAZARDS • INVENTORY • VULNERABILITY • LOCATION • PREPAREDNESS • PROTECTION • EMERGENCY RESPONSE • RECOVERY IENCE RISK ASSESSMENT ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK GOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE DATA BASES AND INFORMATION COMMUNITY HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS

  5. A DISASTER OCCURS WHEN THE CITY’S PUBLIC POLICIES ALLOW IT TO BE … UN—PREPARED UN—PROTECTED UN—ABLE TO RESPOND EFFECTIVELY UN (NON)--RESILIENT

  6. THE FOUR PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE 1. PREPAREDNESS(HAZARD, VULNERABILITY, AND RISK ASSESSMENTS; PREDICTIONS, FORECASTS AND WARNING; DISASTER PLANNING SCENARIOS; INSURANCE; INTELLIGENT COMMUNITY); …

  7. FROM UN—PREPARED TO PREPAREDNESS

  8. HAZARDS EXPOSURE VULNERABILITY LOCATION ELEMENTS OF RISK RISK

  9. HAZARD, VULNERABILITY, AND RISK ASSESSMENTS • WHERE WILL THE NAT. HAZARD OCCUR? • WHEN? • PHYSICAL EFFECTS? • HOW BIG OR SEVERE? • WHAT IS AT RISK? • THE VULNERABILITIES? • EXPECTED DAMAGE? • EXPECTED SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS?

  10. RISK ASSESSMENT FOR A COMMUNITY RISK = NAT. HAZARD x EXPOSURE SPECIFIC HAZARD: EXPOSURE: PEOPLE BUILDING STOCK INFRASTRUCTURE GOVERNMENT AND BUSINESS ENTERPRISE

  11. THE FOUR PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE (Continued) 2. PROTECTION (IMPLEMENTATION OF BUILDING CODES AND LIFELINE STANDARDS; SITE-SPECIFIC DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR ESSENTIAL AND CRITICAL FACILITIES) …

  12. FROM UN—PROTECTED TO PROTECTED

  13. A COMMUNITY HAS BUILDINGS AND INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDING PROTECTION

  14. A COMMUNITY HAS CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDING PROTECTION

  15. THE FOUR PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE (Continued) 3. EMERGENCY RESPONSE (EVACUATION; EMERGENCY MEDICAL; MASS CARE; SEARCH AND RESCUE; EMERGENCY TRANSPORTATION, LOCAL, REGIONAL, AND INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE)…

  16. FROM UN—ABLE TO RESPOND EFECTIVELY TO “INTELLIGENT” RESPONSE

  17. THE FOUR PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE (Continued) 4. RECOVERY (RECONSTRUCTION; LOCAL, REGIONAL, AND GLOBAL BUSINESS RESUMPTION; POST-DISASTER STUDIES FOR PRE-DISASTER PREPAREDNESS)

  18. FROM A UN (NON)—RESILIENT CITY TO A RESILIENT CITY

  19. A CITY BECOMES DISASTER RESILIENT WHEN IT IS … PREPARED FOR THE INEVITABLE NATURAL HAZARDS THAT ARE LIKELY TO OCCUR AT THE WRONG TIME AND IN THE WRONG PLACE RELATIVE TO THE CITY’S SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS

  20. A CITY BECOMES DISASTER RESILIENT WHEN … ITS PEOPLE, BUILDINGS, INFRASTRUCTURE, ESSENTIAL AND CRITICAL FACILITIES ARE PROTECTED BY CODES & STANDARDS AGAINST THE POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS OF LIKELY NATURAL HAZARDS

  21. A CITY BECOMES DISASTER RESILIENT WHEN … IT IS ABLE TO: A) RESPOND EFFECTIVELY IN REAL TIME TO MOVE PEOLE OUT OF HARM’S WAY, B) MEET THEIR NEEDS IN A CRISIS ENVIRONMENT, AND C) PROTECT ASSETS, WITH AND WITHOUT HELP

  22. A CITY BECOMES DISASTER RESILIENT WHEN … IT’S POLICIES NOT ONLY RESIST DISASTERS WITHOUT FAILING, BUT ALSO ARE MANDATES TO LOOK BEYOND TO A FUTURE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMNT

  23. DISASTER RESILIENCE INTEGRATES RESEARCH AND SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE GAINED FROM “DISASTER LABORATORIES” WITH EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND THE COMMUNITY’S POLITICAL PROCESS TO ADOPT REALISTIC PUBLIC POLICIES FORD

  24. POLITICAL SOLUTIONS CA COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE WHAT’S NEEDED: TO FIND THE COMMON AGENDA (CA) OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL SOLUTIONS TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS

  25. POLITICAL SOLUTIONS CA STAPLE FACTORS S P O T THE EFFECTIVE SOLUTION FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE FACT: THE COMMON AGENDA IS BASED ON EACH COMMUNITY’S UNIQUE STAPLE FACTORS TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS