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Finding and Mining Today’s Energy Inefficiencies The Gold Rush of the 21 st Century. Lorenz V. Schoff Energy Consultant “Finding Little Energy Inefficiencies, Generating Big Energy Savings”. Background Information 43+ years in Facilities Management AF Civil Engineering Officer

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finding and mining today s energy inefficiencies the gold rush of the 21 st century

Finding and Mining Today’s Energy Inefficiencies The Gold Rush of the 21st Century

Lorenz V. Schoff

Energy Consultant

“Finding Little Energy Inefficiencies, Generating Big Energy Savings”

slide2
Background Information

43+ years in Facilities Management

AF Civil Engineering Officer

Director of Facilities for Governmental Agency

Original member of US DOE – Rebuild America

Member of Committees working on Design Documents for ASHRAE and USGBC

slide3
Background Information – Commercial Bldg

18% of all energy use in the US – $100 Billion +

Cooking 2%; Computers 3%; Electronics 6%; Ventilation 6%; Water Heating 6%; Refrigeration 6%; Lighting 30%; Space Heating 17%; Space Cooling 14%

4.9 Million Buildings

72 Billion SF

Average site Energy Intensity – 91 kBtu’s/SF/Yr

Average Primary Energy Intensity – 191 kBtu’s/SF/Yr

slide4
Agenda

Observations

How buildings are Operated?

What is Energy Management (EM)?

Best Practices in Operations, Maintenance and Behavior

Bottom-Line

slide5
Observations

Limited or Reduced Maintenance

Improper Light Levels

Energy Inefficient Equipment

To Many Personal Appliances

Improper Use of Controls

slide6
Observations

Limited or Reduced Maintenance

Dirty Filters increase energy use (EU)

Cleaning of light lenses reduce light levels

Increased friction increase EU

Leaks around doors and windows increase EU

slide7
Observations

Improper Light Levels

Office areas over illuminated

Hallways over illuminated

Storage and Mechanical Areas

Use of shades and blinds

slide8
Observations

Energy Inefficient Equipment

HVAC Equipment

Motors

Appliances

slide9
Observations

To Many Personal Appliances

Personal Heaters

Refrigerators

Microwave Ovens

Fans

slide10
Observations

Improper Use of Controls

Light Switches

Thermostats

Energy Management Systems

slide11
How Buildings are Operated?

Without knowledge of energy use and impact of individuals actions

Lack of Utility Management

No Energy Policy/Regulation

No approved Energy Management Plan

slide12
How Buildings are Operated?

Education is Key to the

Success of Any Program --

Energy Awareness of all

`

slide13
How Buildings are Operated?

Lack of Utility Management

No Knowledge of how much energy is used

Can not Manage what you do not know

slide14
How Buildings are Operated?

No Energy Policy/Regulation

No approved Energy Management Plan

slide15
What is Energy Management?

A process to obtain an Understanding of:

Building Utilization

How energy is being consumed

Energy Systems Installed

A process to:

Improve overall energy efficiency and reduce impact on the environment

slide16
What is Energy Management?

Understanding of Building Utilization

What areas are used and when?

Patterns of occupancy and habits

Space compatible with programs and energy efficiency

How’s the Energy is being consumed?

What are the light levels?

Identifying Plug and Phantom Loads

HVAC equipment operations – EMCS

Electrical Systems

development a successful em program
Adoption of an “Energy Policy”

KISS Principle

“… provide leadership in developing a realistic energy ethic in the operation of its facilities and reduce operating costs…” “… success …Is the Joint responsibility of the administrators and employees is based on their cooperation.”

Development a Successful EM Program
data info baseline
Gather the Energy Utility Data

Use this data to establish a baseline – kBtu’s/SF/YR

Establish Baseline

Portfolio Manager will assist in validation of Efforts

Sub-metering of circuits helpful

Who reviews this information/data?

Data, Info, Baseline
data info baseline19
Conduct an Energy Use Audit of Each Facility

Determine Building Occupancy Profiles

Determine Building Characteristics and Systems

Conduct an Plug Load Survey

Remember you can not determine how much you can save until you know how much you use

Data, Info, Baseline
other em elements
EM Regulation

Operation of energy systems in the building

Establish accountability for action in each building

Establish method for Baseline Energy Use in each Bldg

Establish an Energy Management Teams

Describe an Incentive Program

Establish a reporting and evaluation methodology

EM Plan

Designate Responsibility and means of implementation

Establish goals and objectives

Establish Checklist for all personnel

Establish an Energy Awareness Training program for all personnel

Establish a means of evaluating and celebrating success

Other EM Elements
slide21

Plug and Phantom Loads

What is a plug load?

How best to control plug loads?

What is a Phantom load?

Means of controlling Phantom Loads?

best practices in operations maintenance and behavior
It’s the Little Things

Turning off Lights

Offices

Storage

All Areas

Control of Plug Loads and Phantom Loads

Cleaning Operations

Use of Facilities

Best Practices in Operations, Maintenance and Behavior
best practices in operations maintenance and behavior23
Energy Awareness Training

All Personnel

KISS

Newsletters

Make it part of daily routine

They can be part of the solution or part of the problem

Best Practices in Operations, Maintenance and Behavior
slide24

Potential Energy Savings

  • Use of Lighting Systems – 15%
  • Lighting Controls – 10%
  • Energy Awareness Training 10-15%
slide25

It’s

Not

Rocket

Science

Nothing is Impossible it just takes time and resolve