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SPS-related Barriers Faced by Cambodian Exporters in East Asian Countries Dourng Kakada Economic Institute of Cambodia

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SPS-related Barriers Faced by Cambodian Exporters in East Asian Countries Dourng Kakada Economic Institute of Cambodia (EIC) June 26 th -27 th ,2006 Hainan, China. Content. Cambodia’s Overview Cambodian Export Profile SPS Issues in Cambodia: The weakness Case Studies.

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slide1

SPS-related Barriers Faced by Cambodian Exporters

in East Asian Countries

Dourng Kakada

Economic Institute of Cambodia (EIC)

June 26th-27th,2006

Hainan, China

content
Content
  • Cambodia’s Overview
  • Cambodian Export Profile
  • SPS Issues in Cambodia: The weakness
  • Case Studies
cambodia s overview
Cambodia’s Overview
  • Population: 13.9 Million in 2005
  • Economic growth: 6~7% per annum
  • Poverty rate: 35% in 2004
  • Least Developed Country (LDC)
    • GDP/capita: US$ 390 in 2005
    • Receiving GSP schemes from developed/developing countries
cambodian export profile 1
Cambodian Export Profile (1)
  • Total recorded merchandise exports: US$ 1.1 billion in 2000 and US$ 2.4 billion in 2005
  • Cambodian merchandise exports are limited in terms of Export Directions……..

Sources: Ministry of Economy and Finance

cambodian export profile 2
Cambodian Export Profile (2)
  • ……….And in terms of Export Products

Source: Ministry of Economy and Finance

  • Informal exports of agricultural products are significant
sps issues in cambodia the weakness 1
SPS Issues in Cambodia: The weakness (1)
  • Weak Capacity of Institutional Certification/Conformity Assessment
    • No laboratory is accredited by international standard bodies such as ISO, APLAC, EA…ect.
    • Inadequate capacity of laboratory to meet requirements of some importing countries
sps issues in cambodia the weakness 2
SPS Issues in Cambodia: The weakness (2)
  • Lack of private investment in certification services
    • Small market size
    • Few agents operating certification services
  • Inadequate capacity of export firm to meet SPS requirements
    • Facilities
    • Management (e.g. Flow chart)
case study 1 rice s access to chinese markets
Case Study #1: Rice’s Access to Chinese Markets

With concerns of pests and diseases to be imported into its country:

  • China requested documents for risk analysis and assessment (1)
  • China dispatched expert group to conduct field inspection in Cambodia (2)

►The ability of rice to access to Chinese markets is based on above assessments

documents requested for risk analysis and assessment 1
Documents requested for risk analysis and assessment (1)
  • Information about the plant and/or the product being tested including general name, scientific name, variety and class.
  • Information about the producing area of the product indicating the province, city and area, showing the product location on the national map with associated acreage.
  • Information about field management, growing and harvest times.
  • Information about pests and diseases involved including the general and scientific names, distribution, plants with parasites, harm-stricken parts of the plant, harm season, the supervision and inspection system, an impact statement on economy and biology.
  • Information of plant protection such as the method and effect of protection adopted, the description and frequency of chemicals used for protection.
  • Risk management measures for harmful plants including import & export inspection and quarantine law, processes and standards.
  • Information of the organization system of Inspection and Quarantine Bureau from central administration to local government, as well as its responsibility; the institution which is used as the inspection and quarantine lab is included.
  • Information of ongoing procedures, organisation relating to the Issuance of Certificate of Inspection and Quarantine, and a copy of the Certificate.
results of field inspection 2
Results of Field Inspection (2)
  • Capacity of Phytosanitary Laboratory is not yet satisfied
  • Inadequate capacity of Border Phytosanitary Authority
    • Facilities
    • Staff
  • Inadequate Facility/Management of Export Firms
    • Processing facilities
    • Quality Management
case 2 black pepper s access to japanese markets
Case #2: Black Pepper’s access to Japanese Markets
  • Black pepper is not accessible to Japanese markets due to the requirement of a certificate of sterilisation
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