Republic of Ecuador Population : 13,625,000 ( estimate 2008) Density : 53.8/km 2 Area : 283.561 Km 2 Ethnic Group : 65% mestizo , 25% indigenous, 7% white,3% black Laguage : Spanish Currency : U.S. dollar GDP: $4,059
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Population: 13,625,000 (estimate 2008)
Area: 283.561 Km2
EthnicGroup: 65% mestizo, 25% indigenous, 7% white,3% black
Currency: U.S. dollar
Administrative division: Ecuador is divided into 24 provinces (provincias), each with its own administrative capital
La Costa, or the coast, comprises the low-lying land in the western part of the country, including the Pacific coastline.
La Sierra, ("the highlands") is the high-altitude belt running north-south along the center of the country, its mountainous terrain dominated by the Andes mountain range.
La Amazonía, also known as El Oriente ("the east"), comprises the Amazon rainforest areas in the eastern part of the country, accounting for just under half of the country's total surface area, though populated by less than 5% of the population.
The Región Insular, is the region comprising the Galápagos Islands, some 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) west of the mainland in the Pacific Ocean.
Article 314 .- The State shall be responsible for the provision of drinking water utilities and irrigation, sanitation, electricity, telecommunications, roads, port and airport infrastructures and others determined by law.
Article 408 .- The State shall ensure that mechanisms of production, consumption , use of energy and natural resources work inside that framework of preservation and natural recovery cycles, and allowing living with dignity.
Article 413 .- The State shall promote energy efficiency, development and use of environmentally clean technologies and practices, healthy and renewable energy, diversified, low-impact and non-threatening food sovereignty, ecological balance ecosystems and water rights.
"Reaching the 6% of share with alternative energy in the total installed capacity by 2013.“
“Change from being net importers of energy to be even exporters.“
“Take the major advantage of water resources , without ruling out other sources of energy such as wind, geothermal or second-generation biofuels, trying to minimize negative impacts on the environment clean and appropriate technologies."
On July 9, 2007 it was established the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy, with the mission to serve the Ecuadorian society through the formulation of national policy in the electricity sector and project management.Objectives• Recovery planning for the state by changing the energy matrix.• Increase electricity coverage.• To strengthen and transform the state Energy institutions.• Ensuring the reliability and quality of supply, self-sufficiency in 2012.• Promote the efficient and rational use of energy. Promoting regional energy integration.
ASSESTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL AND AGROINDUSTRIAL WASTES FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION BY BIODIGESTERS . STUDY OF RICE HUSKS USAGE IN ORDERTO GENERATE ELECTRICITY.
PROGRAM OF GASOLINE ETHANOL ANHYDROUS ADDED .LOCAL PRODUCTION OF JATROPHA PURE OIL FROM LIVE FENCES OF MANABI PROVINCE FOR THERMOELECTRIC GENERATION IN THE GALAPAGOS ISLANDSCONSTRUCTION OF BIODIGESTERS AT NATIONAL LEVEL ELECTRIC GENERATION BY URBAN WASTES
In Ecuador, the implementation of state policies for the management of MSW and sewage, is controlled by the Secretariat for Water Supply and Sanitation Ministry of Urban Development and Housing (Housing Ministry).
In Santo Domingo, Ibarra, Manta, Quevedo and other cities, existing landfills have exceeded their capacity, demanding technology solutions.
MSW IN TONES / DAY