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CIGRE Working Group C6-07 on Rural Electrification. Report on Working Group Activities Joseph Mutale 6 October 2004. Overview. Motivation Social-economic characteristics of rural areas Main issues in rural electrification WG Terms of reference Deliverables and Time schedule

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cigre working group c6 07 on rural electrification

CIGRE Working Group C6-07 on Rural Electrification

Report on Working Group Activities

Joseph Mutale

6 October 2004

  • Motivation
  • Social-economic characteristics of rural areas
  • Main issues in rural electrification
  • WG Terms of reference
  • Deliverables and Time schedule
  • WG Membership
  • Task forces
  • Review of activities – past and future
  • Concluding remarks

Why is Rural Electrification an issue?

  • About half the world's population lives in rural communities (between 2 and 3 billion people)
  • Electrification plays a vital role in poverty reduction and improvement in the quality of life in rural communities
  • Electricity is essential in the development of rural industry as well as agribusiness and associated income generation
  • It is also essential for sustainable development
socio economic characteristics of rural environments
Socio-economic characteristics ofrural environments
  • Low population density
  • Low consumption levels
  • Marginal cost of serving rural load is high compared to urban load
  • Low-income levels (typical UN statistic of people subsisting on less than a dollar day)
main issues
Main issues
  • How to design cost effective rural electrification programmes
  • Seek low cost electrification options/solutions
    • SWER – single wire earth return
    • Ready boards to avoid cost of wiring
    • Revision of wiring standards?
    • Relaxing of voltage quality standards?
  • Innovative financing of RE
    • How to involve private sector
    • Management of subsidies
  • Organisation of RE programmes  social dimensions
terms of reference 1
Terms of reference…1


  • Review the methodologies and practices for electrification of villages and residential areas, including services and craft industry.
  • Assess the impact of electrification on the generation and transmission system
terms of reference 2
Terms of reference … 2

Work Programme

  • A review of the existing situation concerning rural electrification;
  • A detailed analysis of the related loads, supply alternatives and organisations, to be possibly performed by dedicated task forces:
    • Load characterization: typical loads considered, on basis of the primary needs requirements and including corresponding load profiles, main influencing parameters, quality and reliability requirements, DSM possibilities, etc.;
    • Cost-effective load supply alternatives, including energy generation, distribution configurations and storage capabilities. Co-generation, possible use of distribution network for communication and consumer interface should also be reviewed;
terms of reference 3
Terms of reference…3

Work Programme

    • Organisation: organisational structures, planning, operation and maintenance principles, losses minimisation, metering and billing, financing, etc…
  • An analysis of the impact of electrification on system development (review of the methodology for realistic system load forecast and establishment of the corresponding development strategy)
  • The preparation of checklists, guidelines and methodologies to be used for the realisation of rural electrification programmes
  • A symposium on rural electrification for results dissemination
  • Deliverables will consist of:
    • Checklists, guidelines and methodologies for rural electrification programmes
    • A paper for Electra;
    • A symposium;
    • A presentation to the 2006 Cigré Session and
    • A tutorialat 2006 Cigré Session
  • Time Schedule
    • Start: 2003
    • End of work: 2006
membership by country
Membership by Country
  • Nigeria
  • Australia
  • Croatia
  • France
  • Belgium
  • Algeria x 2
  • South Africa x 2
  • Italy
  • Canada
  • Australia x 2
  • Zambia/UK
  • Japan
  • Sweden
  • Finland
  • Germany x 3
  • Norway
  • The Netherlands

Convenor: Jean BOUCKAERT - Belgium

task forces 1
Task forces…1
  • Task 1: Classification of loads
    • Modelling and forecasting, price elasticity,
    • Loads and international standards
  • Task 2: Network infeed
    • Local MV and LV distribution
    • Isolated systems with local generation
    • Integration with ICT

Working Group is organised in 4 Task forces

task forces 2
Task forces…2
  • Task 3: Organisational aspects
    • Institutional aspects (rural development, sector reform, national capability),
    • Demand and supply side aspects
    • Financing policy and subsidies
  • Task 4: Impact on power system
    • Load Forecasting
    • Planning & Development of T and D
    • Data management
review of past wg activities
Review of past WG activities
  • Kick off meeting – Brussels, March 2004
    • Agreed on tasks and work programme
    • Appointed task leaders and members
    • Agreed a short term work programme preparation of keynotes on each task
  • Paris meeting – August 2004
    • Review of keynotes on each task
    • Agreed on content deliverable
    • Presentation by Sten Bergman on World Bank activities in RE focus on low cost electrification schemes
    • Agreed on next steps Draft Task reports
schedule of future activities
Schedule of future activities
  • Beginning 2005: progress meeting including description and discussion of the content of the draft report.
  • Circa March 2005: Abstracts for 2006 Session.
  • Distribution of sections of the draft report.
  • October 2005: present draft final report, Cigré Southern Africa Regional Conference; South Africa
  • August 2006: Cigré Session, tutorial - Paris
concluding remarks
Concluding remarks
  • There has been a lot work done on RE worldwide
  • CIGRE working group will avoid duplicating existing work
  • WG will aim to produce work that is useful to people in involved in RE planning (Government, utility, private sector investors, consultants)

Focus on developing a methodology and good practice guide for rural electrification