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Challenges in the Commercial Adoption of Grid Computing Technologies Ian Osborne Project Director Intellect, London +44 20 7331 2054 +44 7793 258219 ian.osborne@intellectuk.org Agenda Grid Computing Now! Project Overview Progress to date Our pitch The “Playing Field” Plans

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challenges in the commercial adoption of grid computing technologies

Challenges in the Commercial Adoption of Grid Computing Technologies

Ian Osborne

Project Director

Intellect, London

+44 20 7331 2054

+44 7793 258219

ian.osborne@intellectuk.org

agenda
Agenda
  • Grid Computing Now! Project Overview
  • Progress to date
  • Our pitch
  • The “Playing Field”
  • Plans
  • Is the game changing?
  • Summary

www.gridcomputingnow.org

about grid computing now
About Grid Computing Now!
  • A Knowledge Transfer Network project funded by the DTI Technology Programme aimed at transferring knowledge about Grid Computing Technologies to Public and Private Sector Users in the UK.
  • Partnership between Intellect, the UK Hi-Tech Trade Association; National e-Science Centre, a world leader in Grid Computing research; and CNR Ltd, a consultancy focused on SME organisations and business intermediaries.
  • Substantial number of industrial, business user and academic partners

www.gridcomputingnow.org

grid computing now objectives
Grid Computing Now! Objectives
  • Establish wide understanding of the potential of Grid Computing particularly among the IT user community
  • Accelerate the recognition of requirements and issues for Grid Computing
  • Prepare the UK ICT industry, users and government for Grid Computing
  • Follow through the e-Science Core Programme vision
  • The KTN will engage: IT and business leaders, policy makers in central government, regional government, regional development agencies and the devolved administrations, specialist grid suppliers, service providers and e-Science experts.

www.gridcomputingnow.org

grid computing now progress to date
Website

Background Information

Industry News/Events

User Case Studies

Events programme

Technical Overviews

Multiple vendor perspectives

Featured Case Studies

Sector Agenda

Healthcare; Government; Telecoms; Services; etc..

User Community

Network with peers

Find useful contacts

Contribute experience

Some Key Facts:

3 yr, £1M/$1.8M Funding

Leading suppliers engaged

Website live August 2005

>500 network members

80% Business

#27 Google “Grid Computing”

600 unique visits/month

90% Returning members

Average visit duration >5mins

14 Case Studies

6 Invited Industry Talks

>20 Target Media Articles

Grid Computing Now! Progress to date…

www.gridcomputingnow.org

why grid computing
What is Grid Computing and the capabilities it holds for business?

Grid computing harnesses the massive processing power made possible by distributed computing and applies it to business problems.

It does this through virtualising computers, storage and networking resources such that a grid appears as one large computer.

A grid computing infrastructure is capable of managing large peaks of work; managing large amounts of processing and automatically adjusting capacity to meet workload.

When this infrastructure is combined with business systems that allow users to describe their processes, substantial benefits can be obtained.

What benefits does Grid Computing bring to users?

Improved Return on Assets

Increased Scalability

Business Flexibility & Agility

Managing IT Complexity

Why Grid Computing?

www.gridcomputingnow.org

but today s data center it architecture can t deliver a service effectively

Business Processes

Payroll

Email Retail Manuf. ERP CRM

Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security

Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security

Servers

Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security

Database

Trans. proc.

Web host.

File/print

Storage

But today’s data center IT architecture can’t deliver a service effectively

www.gridcomputingnow.org

establishing business process management

Business Monitoring, Analysis & Decision-Making

Business Processes

Business Processes

Payroll

Email Retail Manf. ERP CRM

Security Management

Service Level & Resource Management

Interface & Access

Business Rules & Functionality

Servers

Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security

Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security

Collaboration/Messaging

Packaged

Apps –ERP CRM

HR

Custom Apps,

Business Rules

In-house,

3rd party compo-

nents

Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security

Integration, Event & Deployment

Federated Data & Information

Database

Trans. proc.

Web host.

File/print

Storage

Virtualized Infrastructure

Virtualized

Storage

Virtualized

Processing

Establishing Business Process Management

B P M

S O A

S O I

www.gridcomputingnow.org

it leadership s top issues
IT Leadership’s Top Issues
  • Service Continuity
  • Security
  • Compliance
  • More with less
  • Power and Cooling
  • Aligning IT with Business
  • Critical Skills
  • Supplier Management
  • Outsourcing, off-shoring and on-shoring
  • IT on the Board
  • Technical Strategy

www.gridcomputingnow.org

implementation challenges
Implementation Challenges
  • Overcoming the Market Confusion!
    • It’s not just hype!
  • Different Business Drivers
    • Where is the ROI?
    • Who’s server is it anyway?
  • System planning
    • Network, storage, processors
    • Middleware or application server?
    • In house, outsource or vendor?
  • Migration strategy
    • Legacy encapsulation or replacement?
  • Cost model
    • Accounting
    • License management

www.gridcomputingnow.org

grid computing now plans
Strategy:

Engage & Influence IT leadership in Sectors with potential

Identify more success stories!

Seize initiative on critical issues

Capitalise on collaborative R&D progress

Generate media attention

Energize community of Grid enthusiasts, experts

Sector Agenda

Pilot Projects:

Government Infrastructure

Healthcare

Transport

Leverage Collaborative Projects

Technical Events

Webinars

Face to face Showcase events

Media

Case Studies

Competition

Industry platforms

Grid Computing Now! Plans …

www.gridcomputingnow.org

starting the it transformation

Capacity dynamically sourced

Virtualization and Provisioning

Consolidation / Standardization

Remove waste, Reclaim Capacity, Manage Demand

Starting The IT Transformation

HIGH

Grid

Service-oriented architectures

Service-oriented Infrastructures

Transformation

Asset Optimization

Management as a discipline

LOW

Today 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

www.gridcomputingnow.org

soa vision

BPEL Workflows

receive

receive

receive

getSSN

getSSN

getSSN

SCOPE

SCOPE

SCOPE

getRating

getRating

getRating

FLOW

FLOW

FLOW

invoke

invoke

invoke

invoke

invoke

invoke

receive

receive

receive

receive

receive

receive

select

select

select

review

review

review

Oracle &

non-Oracle based

Legacy Applications

end

end

end

Composite

Applications

Workflows

Orchestration

Business Rules

Business logic

Transformation

Data access

Business

Hub

Integration Platform

Reusable service

components

SOA Vision

Channels

Oracle

Applications

www.gridcomputingnow.org

software licensing
Software Licensing
  • It used to be simple!
  • One computer, one license
  • scaled by processor or number of users
  • Not any longer …
  • Virtual stacks, moving around
  • Multi-core processors
  • Potential for on-demand, utility style dynamic capacity
  • What’s the situation?

www.gridcomputingnow.org

marketplace confusion
Related stories

Software rental firm targets SMBs (23 August 2006)IBM prepares to make per processor software pricing proprietary (27 July 2006)Open Source for the Enterprise (8 January 2006)Oracle begins Phase IV of per processor pricing offensive (20 December 2005)Microsoft to shelve per processor prices for users willing to get virtual (11 October 2005)BEA gives up on dual-core pricing confusion (23 August 2005)VMware greets new dual-core chips with old world licensing (18 July 2005)Oracle processor core pricing a comedy of fractions (15 July 2005)

Per processor/core used by some

e.g. Oracle

IBM Power Value Units, scaled by processor power

Per “socket” used by others

Multiple concurrent use per “system” agreed by MS (*4)

Site licensing a work around

Software as a Service (SAAS) looms into view, e.g. Salesforce.com

Linux/Opensource, an alternative

But, surely, metering and usage accounting would be best?

E.g. IBM purchase of CIMS

Marketplace confusion

Some clarity of thought is required here, led by the Users and their needs!

www.gridcomputingnow.org

it architecture trends

Service Oriented

Architecture

Web Services

Virtual

Computing

Infrastructure

Consolidation

IT Architecture Trends

Flexibility

Range

of solutions

Resource Sharing

www.gridcomputingnow.org

the internet web open standards are a new wave
The Internet, Web & Open Standards are a new wave

Today’s world

Service Oriented Enterprise

Business scenarios definedwithin applications

Event Driven

Business

Scenario

Assembly

of Services

Services

Applications

  • Extraction of business scenarios and processes from application landscape
  • Clear focus on defined services, which are reusable through an assebly of services
  • Internal and external users get better access to data in different systems
  • Processes and business scenarios “hard-wired” within applications
  • Hard to make business connections necessary to change and improve processes
  • IT’s speed of change is limiting factor on business speed of change

www.gridcomputingnow.org

rethinking the role of it in your enterprise

Understanding the

Hubs and Spokes

  • Enterprise Operations: The “Hub” of critical corporate data management and maintenance for CxO level use, auditors, etc…
  • Enterprise Procedures: The “spokes” serve as vehicles for delivering data across the company, typically already exist via current ERP systems
  • Operational Departments: The “rim” sees many new department specific processes defined by day-to-day activities
  • Departmental Process: Essential to individual departments, they provide more value to business owners than to the Enterprise
  • Inter-Enterprise Procedures / Ad Hoc Interactions: Additional processes developed to manage daily interactions/ requirements
Rethinking the role of IT in your enterprise

1

Enterprise Operations (“Enterprise Hub”)

4

Departmental Process

Ad Hoc Interactions

2

Enterprise Procedure (“Spokes”)

5

3

5

Operational Departments

(“The Rims”)

Inter- Enterprise

Procedure

www.gridcomputingnow.org

the world is changing fast
The World is Changing Fast …
  • Software as a Service
    • Salesforce.com
    • Microsoft
    • Software Vendors
  • Service Hosting
    • Google, Microsoft, Amazon
  • Outsourcing
    • SWITCH

www.gridcomputingnow.org

summary
Summary
  • The adoption of Grid Computing Technologies is progressing:
    • Virtualisation
    • Service Oriented Architecture
    • Web Services
  • The bandwidth of the IT Director for new technology is limited by:
    • Operational pressures
    • Budget limits/Legacy Infrastructure
    • Limited Skills and Capacity
    • Change Management issues
  • There are some challenges …
  • but is it possible that a Web-centric Services model might replace all?

www.gridcomputingnow.org

acknowledgements
John Barr, Intel

Paul Butler, IBM

John Easton, IBM

William Fellows, The 451 Group Mark Linesch, HP/GGF

Andy Mulholland, Capgemini

Dave Pearson, Oracle

Vernon Turner, IDC

DTI Innovation Group

Intellect

National eScience Centre

UK eScience Community

Grid Computing Now! Team

Dave Berry

Gillian Law

Shaheed Mohammed, Tradermedia

Mark Simpson, Griffiths-Waite

Acknowledgements

www.gridcomputingnow.org

thank you

Thank You!

Ian Osborne

Intellect

Ian.Osborne@Intellectuk.org

www.gridcomputingnow.org