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The Little Engine That Could. US Foreign Policy Prior to WWI. I Think I Can…. Prior to 1898 US involved in Mexico, Central and S. America, and the Caribbean Protection of US business interests Filibustering Private armies that attempt to take foreign lands Success is non-issue

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the little engine that could

The Little Engine That Could

US Foreign Policy Prior to WWI

i think i can
I Think I Can…
  • Prior to 1898
    • US involved in Mexico, Central and S. America, and the Caribbean
      • Protection of US business interests
  • Filibustering
    • Private armies that attempt to take foreign lands
      • Success is non-issue
      • Attempt is the idea of America…sort of
spanish american war
Spanish-American War
  • After the war, America enters the Imperial Race
    • Must maintain power
      • Support merchants
      • Project power
      • Secure markets
      • Support Allies
  • Flexing American Power
roosevelt and big stick diplomacy
Roosevelt and Big Stick Diplomacy
  • Roosevelt’s believed that Civilized nations had right to intervene in affairs of uncivilized nations
  • Definition of civilization
    • Civilized
      • White, Anglo-Saxon, wealthy
    • Uncivilized
      • Non-white
      • Slavic, Latin
open door policy
Open Door Policy
  • US concerned over threats to Chinese resources
    • Sec. of State John Hay
      • Sent letters to all those with claims in China
        • Known as the “Open Door Notes”
      • All countries should have unimpeded access to China
roosevelt and asia
Roosevelt and Asia
  • 1904 Russo-Japanese War
    • Roosevelt brokers peace
    • 1906 wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • Threat of Japanese power
    • The Great White Fleet is sent out to demonstrate US power, especially in Pacific
roosevelt and latin america
Roosevelt and Latin America
  • Venezuela 1902
    • Bankrupt and can’t pay loans from Euro banks
    • Germany threatens to establish a base
    • US threatens Germany with Naval war
      • Germany backs down
  • 1904 Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
    • US had right to oppose any Euro intervention in Western Hemisphere
    • Also US could intervene in affairs of its Latin neighbors
      • Strong nations = secure nations
panama canal
Panama Canal
  • French start, but fail to finish
  • Problem
    • Area controlled by Columbia
      • John Hay negotiates treaty
      • Columbian Senate Veto's it
      • US supports independence revolution in Panama
        • USS Nashville sent to maintain order
      • US recognizes Panamanian Independence
        • Begins building canal
        • Opened in 1914 and controlled by US until 1999
dollar diplomacy
Dollar Diplomacy
  • Instead of aggression, show of force, and revolutions, Taft tries something new
    • Dollar Diplomacy
    • Banks make loans to Latin nations and in return are essentially in the back pocket of US
      • Resources are extracted from nations by US corps. atcheap prices
      • Nations can never really get ahead
moral diplomacy
Moral Diplomacy
  • Wilson wanted to be different
    • Not intervene
    • Actually intervenes more than Roosevelt and Taft
      • Haiti, Dominican Republic, Virgin Islands, Nicaragua
  • Mexico
    • Tampico Incident
    • Invasion of Veracruz
    • Columbus incident and Poncho Villa
    • US Expeditionary force in Mexico