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UNDERSTANDING S S S. Additional Knowledge:. Sex Education Sexually Transmitted Diseases Substance Abuse. At the end of the session:. Difference between: a boy and a girl a lady and a gentleman Producing human babies

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additional knowledge
Additional Knowledge:
  • Sex Education
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Substance Abuse
at the end of the session
At the end of the session:
  • Difference between:
    • a boy and a girl
    • a lady and a gentleman
  • Producing human babies
  • Caring for yourself
at the end of the session1
At the end of the session:

Familiar with:

  • AIDS
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis..
  • Chlamydia
  • ETC.

AND HOW TO PREVENT SUCH ILLNESSES

at the end of the session2
At the end of the session:

YOU WILL HAVE TO MAKE A CHOICE:

  • To smoke or NOT?
  • To drink ALCOHOL or NOT?
  • To take SHABU or NOT?
  • To delay SEX or NOT?
when where from whom did you learn about sex
When, Where, from Whom did you learn about SEX?
  • DID YOU GET THE REAL FACTS?
  • DID YOU SHARE YOUR APPREHENSIONS?
  • DID YOU SHARE YOUR FEARS?
  • To WHOM?
children need to know about sex
Children need to know about sex?
  • Help kids cope with their feelings & peer pressure
  • Enable them to take charge of their lives & have a loving relationship
  • Help protect them from sexual abuse
  • Prevent
    • Teen pregnancies
    • STD (sexually transmitted diseases)
    • Sexual violence
what to tell our kids it must be age appropriate
WHAT to tell our kids? It must be age appropriate!

3-5 years old

  • Teach the correct names of parts of the body like teaching them the elbows, knees
  • Tell the difference between a boy & a girl
  • Some parts are private: teach them on inappropriate touching by other poeple
  • Where babies came from?
  • “Babies grow in a special place inside the body”
what to tell our kids
WHAT to tell our kids?.....

5-7 years old

  • Awareness of their own gender and of others
  • Explain the terms they see and hear on TV
  • “Sex is part of a loving relationship between grown-ups”
what to tell our kids1
WHAT to tell our kids?...

Preteens: 8-12 years old

Explain

  • Breast budding
  • Baby fat disappearance
  • Pimples
  • Body hair
  • Enlargement of the male organ
  • Color change of the sex organs
what to tell our kids2
WHAT to tell our kids?...

Preteens: 8-12 years old

  • What is menstruation?
  • What is circumcision?
  • What is masturbation?
  • Be ready to answer.. questions about

wet dreams.

what to tell our kids3
WHAT to tell our kids?...

Preteens: 8-12 years old

  • Let them know that everyone is different

and develops differently

  • Remind them that “touching” of some body parts have some norms
  • Explain if ready: sexual responsibility, STD, birth control and consequences of teenage pregnancy
what to tell our kids4
WHAT to tell our kids?...

Teens

  • LEARNING HOW TO SAY NO
  • How to have a relationship without SEX
  • How to deal with peer pressure

BE frank

BE straight forward

BE a teacher

sexuality means
Sexuality means

Identity

Feelings

Curiosity

Independence

sexual intercourse
SEXUAL INTERCOURSE

What exactly does "having sex" mean?

"Having sex" can mean many things.

  • It can refer to intimacy or closeness between a man and a woman, between two men or between two women.
  • "Having sex" doesn't just mean when a man's penis enters a woman's vagina.
slide19

MORE QUESTIONS ON SEX:

What is vaginal sex?Vaginal sex usually means having a man's penis placed

inside a woman's vagina.What is oral sex?Oral sex means one person placing his or her mouth on

another person's genitals (penis, vagina or anus).What is anal sex? Anal sex is usually when a man's penis is place inside

someone else's anus, or butt hole.

slide20

If we will not control the

increase in population,

this will happen and

it is happening!!!

you might decide not to have sex
You might decide not to have SEX..

REASONS:

  • You want to wait
  • You just don’t feel ready
  • It would upset your parents
  • You have other PLANS!
tips for success on saying no
Tips for success on saying NO:
  • Use “I” statements
  • Stay calm
  • Use body language
  • Do not GIVE IN to PRESSURE
  • Set your limits
  • Talk about your feelings
  • DO NOT USE ALCOHOL OR OTHER DRUGS
  • SIMPLY ….SAY NO
do you want
DO YOU WANT…..
  • to be an alcohol user?

BRAIN OF AN ALCOHOLIC

why alcohol is a major killer
Why Alcohol is a major KILLER?

Alcohol intake:

  • Slows judgment
  • Results to poor reaction time
  • Creates a notion “of a no problem” state
  • Impairs visual reaction
  • Has physical effects on the body system:

liver, kidneys, vitamin absorption, wastage

  • Has negative mental effects
reason for alcohol drinking
Reason for alcohol drinking:
  • To forget the problems
  • “my friends are doing it”

“I have to belong’

  • I want to make a Statement
  • Curiosity
slide29

Reason for alcohol drinking:To FORGET PROBLEMS

Reminder, if with problems:

  • Calm down
  • Describe the problem
  • Think of solutions
  • Think of options
  • Think of cause and effect
  • Choose

“God made problems with corresponding solution!”

recommendation
RECOMMENDATION

TOGETHER WITH

Your PARENTS

WHO

DOH

“young people still in

school should be taught

to abstain from

alcohol,drugs and sex”

substance abuse
SUBSTANCE ABUSE

Experimentation & learning Mood swing

Regular use/seeking the mood swing

(TOLERANCE)

Daily use/preoccupation with the mood swing (CRIMINAL ACTS)

Dependency/using drugs to feel normal

the smoker s body
Hair loss

Cataracts

Wrinkling

Hearing loss

Skin Cancer

Tooth Decay

LungCancer

Emphysema

Osteoporosis

Heart Disease

Stomach ulcers

Discolored Fingers

Cervical Cancer

Deformed Sperms

Psoriasis

THE SMOKER’S BODY!
sexually transmitted diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

STD

  • Infection spread by having SEX with another person who is infected.
  • SOME are curable , OTHERS are not
  • Those who have it might look HEALTHY, But they have it!
non curable
NON CURABLE:
  • HEPATITIS
  • AIDS/HIV
slide37

AIDS

Acquired

  • Not born with the disease compared to most immune deficient conditions
  • *You can only be born with AIDS if your mother had AIDS when pregnant

Immunodeficiency

  • Characterized by a weakened or ineffective immune system with no resistance to infections.

Syndrome which means:

  • AIDS is a combination of signs and symptoms which occur together due to the HIV infection as well as many other infections as a result of theimmunodeficiency 
slide38

AIDS….HIV

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus

  • This virus causes AIDS
  • It is an infection of the immune system
  • It destroys the body's ability to fight off infections.
  • It remains quiet for a  long time
  • Drug therapy only destroys the active virus, DOES NOT CURE
  • HIV infects the cells (T Lymphocytes) of the immune system weakening the entire system.  
slide39
AIDS

AIDS

Transmission

  • Blood or blood products
  • Mother to infant 
  • Sexual contact
  • Sharing of needles or syringes
slide40

AIDS….HIV

HIV has been located in fluids such as:

  • blood
  • breast milk
  • saliva
  • semen
  • tears
  • vaginal fluids

It appears that the disease can only be transmitted through:

  • blood
  • blood products
  • sexual fluids
slide41
AIDS….

The infection can be spread from unprotected sex  (sex without condoms) with an infected partner, including:

  • anal intercourse
  • oral intercourse
  • vaginal intercourse
slide42
AIDS….

and is spread from:

  • men to men
  • men to women
  • women to men
  • women to women  
slide43
AIDS….

The virus can enter the body during sex through the:

  • lining of the vagina
  • mouth
  • penis
  • rectum
  • vulva
slide44

SYPHILIS

(CURABLE)

slide45

Crabs (Pubic Lice)(curable with medication)

  • Tiny little blood-sucking bugs (lice) that live in pubic hair
  • They cause a lot of itching.
  • They are transmitted via:
    • Skin-to-skin contact with an infected person
    • Sleeping on infested bedding
    • Wearing infested clothing
    • Contact with an infested toilet seat
  • They can be transmitted even if you use a latex condom to
  • help prevent other STDs.
bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial Vaginosis

The risk of acquiring Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is increased by:

  • changing  sexual partners
  • douching
  • using intrauterine devices (IUDs)

The infection can not be spread from person to person by casual contact, such as:

  • clothing
  • eating utensils
  • swimming pools
  • toilet seats
bacterial vaginosis1
Bacterial Vaginosis
  • When different types of bacteria outnumber the normal  bacteria, Lactobacillus, an imbalance is caused in the bacterial organisms that exist in the vagina. 
  • Caused by: Hemophilus ducreyi
bacterial vaginosis2
Bacterial Vaginosis

Symptoms

  • Although more than 50% of women with Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) have no symptoms, when symptoms do occur they include the following:
  • Excessive, thin gray or white vaginal discharge that sticks to the vaginal walls
  • Fishy or musty, unpleasant vaginal odor, most noticeable after sex
  • Vaginal itching and irritation
chancroid
CHANCROID
  • soft chancre
  • venereal sore 
  • bacterial disease causing painful, irregularly shaped sores, but is a localized infection which can be treated and cured and has no long-term effects. 
chancroid1
CHANCROID…

First signs of infection appear from 3-5 days and up to 2 weeks after contact, and usually a tender, raised bump develops where the bacteria entered the body:

  • inside/outside the vagina or rectum
  • occasionally on hands, thighs or mouth
  • on the penis
  • Within 1-4 days the bump transforms into one or more shallow sores which break open and deepen, becoming:
  • filled with pus
  • inflamed
  • painful
  • ruptured
chancroid transmission
Transmitted through the skin by direct sexual contact with an infected individual through

anal sex

oral sex

vaginal sex

The infection is spread to other parts of the body by:

minor abrasions

physical contact

rubbing

scratching

Chancroid…Transmission
chlamydia
CHLAMYDIA
  • Caused by Chlamydia trachomatis
  • US: Teenage girls have the highest rates of Chlamydial infection regardless of demographics or location
chlamydia transmission
CHLAMYDIA…Transmission

Direct person-to-person contact through:

  • Blood
  • Passing it to a baby during birth
  • Semen from the penis
  • Touching eyes when infected
  • Vaginal fluid 

Risk Groups

  • Babies (from infected mothers)
  • Sexually active people, regardless of their sexual preference
  • Sexually active teenagers (about 45%)
gonorrhea
Gonorrhea

Bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae

  • second only to Chlamydia

Found in mucous areas of the body:

  • Genital tract
  • Penis
  • Rectum
  • Throat
  • Vagina
slide56

Gonorrhea

  • (curable with medication)
  • nicknamed "the clap" or "the drip“ (“Tulo”)
  • Women often have no symptoms at all or very mild ones.
  • Symptoms:
  • burning during urination
  • and/or a vaginal discharge.
  • Men
  • yellow discharge from the urethra, opening in the penis
  • burn or hurt to urinate
gonorrhea1
Gonorrhea
  • In Men:
  • Creamy or green, pus-like discharge from the penis
  • Painful urination (burning sensation)
  • Testicular pain
gonorrhea2
Gonorrhea

In Women:

  • Bleeding between periods
  • Creamy or green, pus-like or bloody vaginal discharge
  • Excessive bleeding during menstrual period
  • Irritation of the vulva
  • Lower abdominal pain 
  • Painful intercourse
  • Painful urination (burning sensation)
  • Rectal infection
  • Throat infection 
gonorrhea3
Gonorrhea

Rectal infection:

  • Constipation
  • Creamy, pus-like discharge
  • Itching
  • Painful bowel movement with blood in feces
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Symptoms usually appear 2-7 days after infection in males, but it can sometimes take up to 30 days for symptoms to appear.
genital warts
Genital Warts

There are more than 100, mostly harmless, types of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

genital warts1
GENITAL WARTS

Affected genital area:

  • anus
  • cervix
  • penis
  • rectum
  • scrotum
  • vagina
  • vulva
genital warts2
GENITAL WARTS

Symptoms may occur several weeks to months after being exposed to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and include:

Itching or burning around the sex organs

Painless growths on damp moist surfaces (penis & vagina) begin as tiny, soft, pink or red spots

Spots develop into small, white/yellow/gray bumpy warts on the sex organs and anus

Warts can grow quickly into irregularly shaped cauliflower-like masses  

substance abuse1
SUBSTANCE ABUSE

SMOKING

ALCOHOL

DRUGS

do you want1
DO YOU WANT…..
  • to be a drug a user?
do you want2
DO YOU WANT…..
  • to be a smoker?

Cigarette contains nicotine

Nicotine is addictive!

slide66

print this page

  • Tobacco Fact Sheet
  • Spit Tobacco Fact Sheet
  • Truth About Tobacco Website
  • Teaming Up For Tobacco-Free Kids
  • print this page
  • Tobacco Fact Sheet
  • Spit Tobacco Fact Sheet
  • Truth About Tobacco Website
  • Teaming Up For Tobacco-Free Kids

EFFECTS OF SMOKING

do you want3
DO YOU WANT…..
  • to be a teenage parent?

=

+

do you want4
DO YOU WANT…..
  • to be infected with a sexually transmitted

disease (STD)?

slide73
The Philippine College of Physicians wishes to acknowledge the following for her invaluable efforts in the preparation of this module

Cynthia Cuayo-Juico, MD, FPPS