gaspar yanga slavery in mexico
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Gaspar Yanga & Slavery in Mexico

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Gaspar Yanga & Slavery in Mexico. The first “Liberator” in the New World. Mexico Today. “New Spain” Colonial Mexico . Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztecs. I. Slavery in Mexico. A. By the 1520s, Mexico had approximately 6, 000 African slaves mainly along the Atlantic & Pacific Coasts

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gaspar yanga slavery in mexico

Gaspar Yanga & Slavery in Mexico

The first “Liberator” in the New World

i slavery in mexico
I. Slavery in Mexico
  • A. By the 1520s, Mexico had approximately 6, 000 African slaves mainly along the Atlantic & Pacific Coasts
  • B. African slaves worked in the “mines of silver mines of Zacatecas, Taxco, Guanajuato,”
  • C. “On the sugar plantations of the Valle de Orizaba and Morelos”
  • D. “The textile factories of Puebla and Oaxaca and in Mexico City”
  • E. In homes, ranches, etc
i slavery in mexico2
I. Slavery in Mexico
  • F. Africans were allowed to intermarry with other ethnic groups
  • G. Spanish Casta Painting document

“racial, class mobility & hierarchy” in Colonial Mexico

  • H. Resulting in “Over 75 percent of modern Mexico's population, have at least one Indian or Mulatto ancestor. “
i slavery in mexico3
I. Slavery in Mexico

#1 Peninsulares

Spanish_born in Spain

#2 Creoles (Criollos)Spanish born

in Latin America

#3 Mestizoes(Euro & Native)

#4 Mulattoes (Euro & African)

#5 Zambos(African & Native)

#6 Native Americans

#7 Africans & Filipinos

i slavery in mexico5
I. Slavery in Mexico
  • I. There were 30 Africans to 1 Spanish (European) person (30:1)
  • J. Slave uprisings were common:
      • 1. 1540s in Mexico City
      • 2. 1560-1580s runaway African Zacatecas miners joined Chichmecan Indians in war against Spanish colonists
      • 3. Late1500s African Pachuca miners rose up & hid in caves
i slavery in mexico6
I. Slavery in Mexico
  • K. Maroons & Native Americans were able to live & prosper with the protection of mountains & caves
iii legacy of african slavery
III. Legacy of African Slavery
  • A. Veracruz, Oaxaca, Puebla & Guerrero have sizable Afro-Mexican populations that originate from Spanish slavery
  • B. Coahuila, Afro-Mexicans are descended from runaway slaves from the US
  • C. Africans brought:

1. Son jarocho music & dance

2. dishes such as frying plantains, cassava (yuca), using peanuts in dishes such as mole

ii gaspar yanga1
II. Gaspar Yanga
  • A. Gaspar Yanga:

1. originally from West Africa

2. 1570 organized a rebellion & an escape from a sugar cane plantation of Vera Cruz Mexico

3. escaped to the El Pico Orizaba

4. made alliances with other maroon cities & Native American cities in the mountains

4. raided sugar & cattle haciendas & caravans en route to Mexico City

ii gaspar yanga3
II. Gaspar Yanga
  • B. Gaspar’s War with the Spanish

1. Wanting to discourage slave rebellions & stop raids, in 1609 the Spanish sent troops to “crush” Yanga

2. Fierce fighting took place with heavy causalities on both sides

ii gaspar yanga4
II. Gaspar Yanga

3. A cease fire resulted in:

1. Yanga & his people would surrender in return for freedom, cultivable land & self government

2. Not take anymore runaway slaves

2. Freedom for other maroon cities in the mountains

3. Franciscan priests would attend to his people

4. Yanga would be king again & leadership would be inherited down to his children

ii gaspar yanga5
II. Gaspar Yanga
  • C. 1618, the Yangans asked for a better location, which was called “San Lorenzo de los Negros”
  • D. It was renamed Yanga in 1956