International Country Cooperation and Coordination in Implementing the Palermo Protocol Ruby Marks Chief Director: Gender Department of International Relations and Cooperation
Forms of international co-operation • Extradition • Mutual legal assistance • Transfer of proceedings • Co-operation for purposes of confiscation to deprive traffickers or criminal assets • Co-operation between law enforcement authorities including exchanging information and co-operation in conducting inquiries • Co-operation in using special investigative techniques
Channels of communication of international co-operation includes • Competent National Authorities • Diplomatic staff • Law Enforcement officials More structured forms of cooperation in law enforcement include: • Posting of Liaison Officers to facilitate co-operation with the host government’s law enforcement officers in criminal investigations • Bilateral and Multi-=lateral Agreements and arrangements on law enforcement co-operation and on the sharing of law enforcement information • Co-operation with such structures as INTERPOL and SARPCO (South African Regional Chiefs of Police Co-operation Organisation.
Issues for Concern: formal and informal law enforcement co-operation • Diversity of legal systems • Diversity of law enforcement structures • Absence of channels of communication for the exchange of basic information and criminal intelligence • Diversity in approaches and priorities • Lack of trust
10 YEAR SADC STRATEGIC PLAN OF ACTION ON COMBATING TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS, ESPECIALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN (2009 – 2019) Inter-State Co-operation – Conditions must be put in place to ensure that all countries co-operate fully and effectively between themselves to prevent and address the causes and effects of trafficking in persons as well as deter and punish the offenders within and across countries. .
Coordination and Regional Cooperation Activity 1: Facilitate the establishment and strengthening of channels of communication between Member States law enforcement, immigration; border control agencies and other relevant sectors for sharing of intelligence, information and trends on trafficking in persons Output 1: Regional Information and Experiences Sharing Forum on Trafficking in persons established and convening at least twice a year. Output 2: Memoranda of understanding and bilateral and multilateral agreements between MS on issues related to combating trafficking in persons signed. Output 3: Intelligence on Trafficking in persons integrated into the Interpol and SARPCCO systems.
South Africa’s Commitment to SADC Inter-Country Cooperation and Coordination • provide policy consensus at regional level consistent with global commitments; • take ownership and sustain initiatives; • implement regional policy and strategic priorities – direct service delivery; • monitor and evaluate with support from UN and civil society; • coordinate at national and sub national levels; • mobilize resources locally and internationally and account; • generate and manage information with technical support from UN, civil society and private sector; • build local implementation capacity; • facilitate sharing lessons and experiences at regional and national levels; • (x)mobilize community action