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Write For Power. English Gold. Power Writing.

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write for power

Write For Power

English Gold

power writing
Power Writing
  • Write for Power is a tool to help any person, from the primary grades through adult life, develop and sharpen his writing skills by providing a method – Writing for Power – that will amplify the process and will actually result in writing with literacy and logic – and pleasure!
  • To eliminate the classical terminology of exposition – such as topic sentences, major and minor details – which may have seemed too abstract for many students and thus interfered with their development of a logical thought, the author applied a numerical value to word, phrases, sentences, and paragraphs. The approach seemed to unlock the process of writing at once for all types of people, at all ages.

Write For Power - English Gold

numeric value
Numeric Value
  • By using three numbers, Power Writing assigns the value of:
  • 1st Power to main ideas, topic sentences, and topic paragraphs;
  • 2nd Power to major details that explain main ideas:
  • 3rd Power to minor details that elaborate upon or clarify major details.

Write For Power - English Gold

why are we learning this
Why are we learning this?
  • Writing for Power will enhance Unity, Clarity, and Coherence. Write for Power will keep you on target. You will not ramble because each sentence must explain some preceding power until only 1st Power makes complete sense alone.

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 1 word power
Stage 1 – Word Power
  • Word Power: A 1st Power word serves as the most general, the “umbrella” word under which the 2nd Power words belong. Study these word combinations. Note one of the words has a number (1) for 1st Power and that the others have a (2) for 2nd Power.

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 1 word power examples
(1) boulevards

(2) Wilshire

(2) Sunset

(1) subjects

(2) English

(2) history

(1) parents

(2) mother

(2) father

(1) countries

(2) Portugal

(2) Greece

Stage 1 – Word Power Examples

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 1 assignment
Stage 1 - Assignment
  • Create some word-power combinations of your own, using the following as 1st Power words: countries, names, leaders, sports, islands, cars, movies, tools, sexes, subjects, companies, and foods.
  • 1)Countries
    • 2)USA
    • 2)England

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 2 phrase power
Stage 2 – Phrase Power
  • A dictionary defines a phrase as a sequence of two or more words conveying a single thought or forming a distinct party of a sentence, but NOT containing a subject and a predicate (no verb!). In the following examples note how words from the preceding stage 1 have now become power phrases, with 1st and 2nd power designations.

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 2 phrase power examples
(1) after-school activities

(2) playing baseball

(2) tutoring in the library

(1) Spanish speaking countries

(2) Spain in Europe

(2) Argentina in South America

(1) dogs of China

(2) Tibetan mastiff

(2) Chinese wolfhound

(1) High School subjects

(2) American Literature

(2) American history

Stage 2 – Phrase Power Examples

Write For Power - English Gold

slide10
Comedy Movies

Clerks 2

Money Talk

Professional Sports

Ice Hockey

British Rugby

National Football League

Arena Football

World Wrestling Federation

Tools for the home

Chain saw

Philips screwdriver

Power washer

Weeding shovel

Allen wrench

Personal computer

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 2 assignment
Stage 2 - Assignment
  • Create some phrase-power combinations of your own, using the following as 1st Power words: countries of Europe, names of children, leaders of the world, professional sports, islands of the Pacific, old cars, comedy movies, tools for the home, subjects in school, foods in the supermarket.
  • 1) 80s Rock Bands
    • 2) Van Halen
    • 2) Def Leopard

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 3 4 sentence power
Stage 3 & 4 – Sentence Power
  • Most English grammar books define a sentence as a group of words expressing a complete thought (subject & verb!). Just as words and phrases had power, so do sentences in their relationships with each other. In Stage 3, phrases have now become sentences. For example:

1)After school I like to do two things. 2)For one, I like to play on the school baseball team. 2)For another, I like to help others by tutoring in the library.

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 4 powergraphs 1 2 2
Stage 4 Powergraphs (1, 2, 2)
  • 3-sentence powergraphs
  • 1st Power sentence MUST have the word “two” in it.
  • 2nd Power sentences MUST include “transitions” or “signal words”.

Write For Power - English Gold

write a stage 4 pg using
Write a Stage 4 PG using
  • For two reasons is my favorite subject.

For two reasons is my favorite subject. First…

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 5 powergraphs 1 2 3 2 3
Stage 5 Powergraphs (1, 2-3, 2-3)
  • From 3 sentences to 5 sentences!
  • Now you expand your thoughts with use of 3rd Power Sentences following each 2nd Power Sentence.
  • 3rd Power Sentences, known as minor details, elaborate, expand, and develop the 2nd Power sentences (major details).
  • Use signals or transitions such as: specifically, for example, in other words, for instance, etc.

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 5 example 1 2 3 2 3
Stage 5 Example (1, 2-3, 2-3)

1)Rain causes two problems at the construction site. 2)One is floods. 3)Consequently, workers must delay the pouring of concrete. 4)Another problem is mudslides. 5)For example, it becomes difficult to put in a stable foundation.

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stage 6
Stage 6
  • Still 1, 2-3, 2-3 format (5 sentence paragraph)
  • Never start a sentence with the words “There are”
  • Avoid “to be”verbs – especially in the 1st power sentence! (is, am, are, was, were, been, being, will, be)

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 5 6 assignment handout
Stage 5-6 Assignment - Handout
  • Now, think about a story or book you have read. Write a Stage 5 “powergraph” about two reasons why it is a memorable story. Write your paragraph on a separate sheet of lined paper. Be sure to indent and punctuate, and be as neat as possible. Also, please “number” each of the sentences as I have done in the example above.
  • 1st Power –
    • 2nd Power –
      • 3rd Power –
    • 2nd Power –
      • 3rd Power –

Write For Power - English Gold

write for power rules
Write For Power Rules!

W4P homework assignments may be typed, but sometimes you will have to write by hand as well!

  • Use ink or type (double spaced!)
  • Have 1-inch margins on all 4 sides.
  • Control neatness.
  • Indent the opening sentence of a powergraph one inch.
  • Write complete sentences.
  • Use proper grammar.
  • Spell and punctuate correctly.
  • Never start a sentence with “There are…”
  • Avoid “to be” verbs when possible.

W4P assignments that break these rules will be returned without credit for a “redo”.

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in class assignment

There are…

“To-be”

In-class Assignment

Write a Stage 6 Powergraph about two things you would buy with $500.00.

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1 st power sentences sentence patterns
1st Power Sentences & Sentence Patterns
  • The key to a good “Powergraph” is the 1st Power Sentence. I will give you a packet of 150 1st-power sentences to help you generate ideas.
  • Write For Power incorporates grammar and sentence structure within the paragraph writing. These are called Sentence Patterns and are illustrated in this packet. Don’t lose it!

Write For Power - English Gold

stage 7 sentence patterns
Stage 7 – Sentence Patterns
  • Don’t lose the packet! $3.00 for a new one.
  • Sentence Patterns incorporate grammar and writing together – graduate to a more complex style!

Write For Power - English Gold

sentence pattern 1 strong active verb
Sentence Pattern #1Strong Active Verb
  • Assignment
    • 10 Sentences with Strong Active Verbs – Underline them
    • 1 Powergraph in which you use SP #1 – label the “SP” in the left margin!
    • Feel free to look at the Sentence Pattern Packet for ideas. Also, use your vocabulary book for great verbs!

Write For Power - English Gold

example stage 7 powergraph
Example Stage 7 Powergraph

1)Two problems perplexed the student. 2)First, how would he get his homework done? 3)The boy had a late basketball practice that night. 2)Second, how would he ask Sarah to the dance? 3)He was trying to work up the courage all week.

#1

Label the Sentence Pattern (SP) in the left margin.

Write For Power - English Gold

sentence pattern 2 3 ask a question exclamation
Sentence Pattern #2 & #3Ask a Question & Exclamation
  • What two teachers give the most homework?
  • Mrs. Norton assigns so much homework!
  • Assignment
    • 5 Sentences in which you ask a question.
    • 5 Sentences in which you use exclamation.
    • 1 Powergraph in which you use SP #1, 2, 3– label the “SPs” in the left margin!
    • Feel free to look at the Sentence Pattern Packet for ideas.

Write For Power - English Gold

example powergraph
Example Powergraph

1)Two problems perplexed the student. 2)First, how would he get his homework done? 3)The boy had a late basketball practice that night. 2)Second, how would he ask Sarah to the dance?3)He was trying to work up the courage all week!

#1

#2

#3

Label the Sentence Patterns (SPs) in the left margin.

Write For Power - English Gold

write for power powergraph using sp 1 2 3
Write For Power – Powergraph using SP #1, #2, & #3
  • SP #1 – Strong Active Verb
  • SP #2 – Question
  • SP #3 – Exclamation (Exclamatory Sent)
  • Powergraph – 1, 2-3, 2-3 format (5 sentences)

REVIEW!

Write For Power - English Gold

in class example
In-Class Example

1-Two terrible things happened yesterday!

2-First I attended school.

3-Does anyone else besides me hate school?

2-Another bad thing occurred when I tripped.

3-I tripped over a chair.

#3

#1

#2

Write For Power - English Gold

slide29
Two terrible things happened yesterday! First I attended school. Does anyone else besides me hate school? Another bad thing occurred when I tripped. I tripped over a chair.

#3

#1

#2

Write For Power - English Gold

sentence pattern 4 adverb opener
Sentence Pattern #4 – Adverb Opener
  • Adverbs describe or “connect” to verbs, adjectives, OR other adverbs.
  • DO NOT EVER connect to nouns BECAUSE only Adjectives connect to nouns.
  • Usually end in “-ly” – happily or sadly
  • Adverbs answer questions like:
    • When? How much? Where? Why? How?
  • Tomorrow/Today…, A lot, Many, Much, Few

Write For Power - English Gold

powergraph using sp 1 2 3 4
Powergraph using SP 1, 2, 3, 4

#4 -ly

#1-vb

#2-?

#3-!

Wisely, Helen made two course choices. First, she decided to take Spanish. Spanish will help her get a better job in the future. Second, should she take Calculus? Calculus is a very hard class!

Write For Power - English Gold

w4p sp 4 assignment 15pts
W4P – SP #4 Assignment-15pts
  • 10 Sentence using SP #4 – please underline the adverbs
  • 1 Powergraph using SP #1, #2, #3, and #4
  • This is what will be on the Grammar test this Friday – Also study your notes!

Write For Power - English Gold

sentence pattern 5 prepositional phrase opener
Sentence Pattern #5 – Prepositional Phrase Opener
  • Prepositions are the “small” words that are ALWAYS followed by an “Object of the Prep”, which is a noun. They give detail to a sentence. They can help describe nouns or verbs. Therefore, as a phrase, they can be adjective phrases OR adverb phrases. They are sometimes known as “BUSY PREPOSITIONS” because they work so much throughout our writing.

Write For Power - English Gold

prepositions
Prepositions
  • Basically anything that goes in/out/under/etc. a Trashcan…
  • Above, Across, Along, Around, at, before, on , out, over, through, behind, below, beneath, besides, between, by, to, toward, under, for, from, in, of, off, up, upon, with, and MANY more.

Write For Power - English Gold

sp 5 start with a prep phrase
SP #5 – Start with a Prep Phrase
  • For two reasons, I love to visit Disneyland.
  • Throughout the story, the characters showed love in two ways.
  • Between you and me, I think we should tighten the dress code for two reasons.
  • Inside the house, I found my lost keys.
  • During the vacation, I slept in every day.

Write For Power - English Gold

sps 1 5
SPs 1-5
  • Strong Active Verb
  • Questions
  • Exclamation
  • Adverb Opener
  • Prep Phrase Opener

Write For Power - English Gold

assignment due tues 10 21
Assignment – Due Tues, 10/21
  • Write 10 sentences using SP #5
  • Write 1 sentence for each of the other 4 SPs. Be sure to label!
  • Write 1 Powergraph in which you use the ODD Sentence Patterns (1,3,5)

Write For Power - English Gold

sp 6 verb precedes the subject
SP #6 – Verb Precedes the Subject
  • Normally, in our sentences, we start with a subject and then comes the verb.
  • A large tree grew (in the park).
  • Subject + Verb + Prep Phrase
  • (In the park) grew a large tree.
  • Prep Phrase + Verb + Subject

Write For Power - English Gold

slide39
SP #6
  • The student studied diligently.
  • Subject + Verb + Adverb
  • Diligently, studied the student.
  • Adverb + Verb + Subject
  • The engine roared loudly.
  • Subject + Verb + Adverb
  • Loudly roared the engine.

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assignment sp 6
Assignment SP #6
  • Due Monday – Oct 27
  • 10 Sentences using SP #6 (10 pts)
    • 5 starting with a (PP) and 5 with a Adv.
  • 1 sentence each using SP #1-5 (5 pts)
  • 1 powergraph using even SPs. (2,4,6)
  • Don’t forget to use your packet as a reference for help!

Write For Power - English Gold

slide41
PG

On my street live two famous people. First, Tim Duncan, the basketball player lives on the corner. Graciously, he taught me some moves. Another person is Orlando Bloom. Do you think he’ll go to prom with Megan?

#6

#4

#2

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slide42

#6

#4

#2

Along the boulevard sped two sports cars. First, a Corvette raced by me. Luckily, I caught a glance at it in my mirror. Second, a Lamborghini flew by. How can anyone afford that car?

Write For Power - English Gold

sp 7 use conversation or a quotation
SP #7 – Use Conversation or a Quotation
  • Always place commas and periods INSIDE the closing punctuation
  • “Ellen,” she said, “I want you to take the two ladies for a ride on the roller coaster.”
  • Punctuation is the key to using quotations and/or conversation in your writing.
  • NEVER double-end your punctuation.
  • He said, “I did it!”

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sp 7 quotations
SP #7 - Quotations
  • “What will I wear?” asked the girl.
  • The girl asked, “What will I wear?”
  • “Get out of here!” screamed the policeman.
  • The policeman screamed, “Get out of here!”
  • ASSIGNMENT : Write the SPs #1-7. Write 8 examples of SP #7.

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assignment due friday 11 16 14 sentences total
ASSIGNMENT : Due Friday 11/16 (14 sentences total)
  • Write the pattern name & an example sentence for each SP #1-#7
    • SP #1 – Strong Active Verb – The man dawdled at his house.
    • SP #2 – Question
    • SP #3 – Exclamation
    • SP #4 – Adverb Opener
    • SP #5 – Prep Phrase Opener
    • SP #6 – Verb Proceeds Subject – At his house dawdled the man.
    • SP #7 – Quotation
  • Write three more examples of SP #7
  • Write four examples of SP #6 (2 with adverbs, 2 with Prep. Phrases)
  • Be ready for a quiz on all of this on Friday.

Write For Power - English Gold

8 use apposition
#8 – Use Apposition
  • SP #1 – Strong Active Verb
  • SP #2 – Question
  • SP #3 – Exclamation
  • SP #4 – Adverb Opener
  • SP #5 – Prep Phrase Opener
  • SP #6 – Verb Proceeds Subject
  • SP #7 – Quotation
  • SP #8 – Apposition (appositive)

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sp 8 apposition
SP #8 - Apposition
  • Noun or Pronoun, that is “connected” to another noun or pronoun, to give it more detail.
  • HOWEVER, it is NOT an adjective!!!
  • Mrs. Norton, the English teacher, is very cool.
  • We will go to Disneyland, a park in Anaheim.

Write For Power - English Gold

appositives
Appositives
  • Remember, any word or phrase that you can put “the, a, or an” in front of is a noun!
  • Appositive are NOUNS that just give more detail to a proceeding noun.
  • The ship arrived at a Mexican resort destination, Puerto Vallarta.
  • The ship arrived in Puerto Vallarta, a Mexican resort destination.

Write For Power - English Gold

sp 8 assignment 15 points due on monday
SP #8 – Assignment (15 points)Due on Monday
  • Write 5 Sentences Using SP #8
  • One Powergraph (5 sentences) Using the odd SPs (1, 3,5, 7)
  • One Powergraph (5 sentences) Using the even SPS (2,4,6,8)
  • Remember to use the “packet” to help with those 1st Power sentences!

Write For Power - English Gold

example of an even powergraph
Example of an Even Powergraph

Two American cities, Los Angeles and San Diego, appeal to me. Specifically, Los Angeles has many attractions for locals and tourists. To Hollywood flock thousands of people every day. San Diego also has great attractions. Who doesn’t love Shamu and Sea World?

#8

#4

#6

#2

Remember to label the SPs!!!

Write For Power - English Gold

example of an odd powergraph
Example of an Odd Powergraph

On the way to class I see two kinds of people. First, I see students who are gossiping about other students. One student may say, “Oh my gosh, did you hear about Sally and Bobby?” Other students resemble busy ants around an ant hill. With stressed out faces I just want them to take a second and relax!

#5

#7

#1

#3

Write For Power - English Gold

sps 1 8 review
SPs 1-8 Review
  • Strong Active Verb
  • Question
  • Exclamation
  • Adverb Opener
  • Prep Phrase Opener
  • Verb Precedes Subject
  • Quotation
  • Apposition

Write For Power - English Gold

sp 9 open with adverbial clause dependent clause
SP #9 - Open with Adverbial Clause (Dependent Clause)
  • How is this different from SP #4?
    • Happily, I did my chores for the day.
  • Adverb Clause has its own verb & subj
  • Adv. Clause begins with an Adverbial Trigger: Because, Since, When, While, Although, So, Before, etc.
  • Adv. Clause will open the sentence and be followed by a comma.

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sp 9 adv clause opener
SP 9 – Adv. Clause Opener
  • Examples: (The trigger is red)
  • After the bell rang, we quickly went to class.
  • Since I didn’t see any of the movies, I could care less about the Oscars.
  • Because it is a new semester, we all start with fresh grades.

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sp 9 assignment
SP #9 Assignment
  • 5 - SP #9 sentences
  • 1 Powergraph using all of the odd SPs
    • 1,3,5,7,9
  • Due on Monday

Write For Power - English Gold

example powergraph 1 3 5 7 9
Example Powergraph 1-3-5-7-9

When I find the pot of gold, I will buy two things. First, I will purchase a monkey named Jim. He will be so cool!At Toys-R-Us I will buy a giraffe. When I push the button, the giraffe says, “Buy me!”

#9

#1

#3, #5

#7

Write For Power - English Gold

sp 10 parallel structure
SP # 10 – Parallel Structure
  • Parallel Structure places words, phrases, clauses, and sentences in a series of the same grammatical elements (like a list).
  • Parallel structure helps to keep logical thought and keep the reader on track.
  • Examples:

Wind and spray together blind, deafen, and strangle you.

He walked to the platform, he stood still a moment, and he hesitantly began to speak. (parallel clauses)

Write For Power - English Gold

sp 10 assignment
SP #10 - Assignment
  • Write 5 examples of SP #10.
  • Each sentence must display a different type of parallel structure (words, phrases, clauses, etc.)
  • Write 1 Powergraph in which you use the even SPs (2,4,6,8,10)

Write For Power - English Gold

example sentences words phrases clauses verbs etc
Example sentences (words, phrases, clauses, verbs, etc)
  • I bought new makeup, new clothes, and new shoes.
  • Lutheran HS, LA Baptist, and Alameny are all parochial schools.
  • I want to wake up in the morning, nap in the afternoon, and stay up late at night.
  • She will either study for the test or fail it miserably.
  • This weekend I will go to the movies, hang out with my friend, and celebrate her birthday.

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even powergraph
Even Powergraph

Washing dishes, cleaning house, and doing laundry annoy me for two reasons. Firstly, these chores take too long. Doesn’t my mom know I have other plans? Second, next to my bed lies a pile of dirty clothes. My room, the dirtiest room in the house, smells bad.

#10

#4

#2

#6

#8

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stage 8 1 2 3 2 3 2 3 1c
STAGE 8 – 1, 2-3, 2-3, 2-3, 1C
  • Add a third detail
  • 1st Sentence will have a “three” instead of “two”
  • All other rules apply
  • Add a conclusion that “echos” the 1st topic sentence
  • Ultimately, Stage 8 preps us for a 5 Paragraph Essay.

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example of stage 8
Example of Stage 8

(With regard) to book reports, three novels attract a great deal of students. First, A Child Called “It”, a book by David Peltzer, is the first book of a very popular series. Because it is a true story and has a hopeful ending, this book is excellent. A second book that interests students is Harry Potter. Unfortunately, all of the books in this series are unavailable on AR. Finally, The Chronicles of Narnia is a well-liked series by C.S. Lewis. These books are favorites because they blend fantasy with Christian themes. In conclusion, students enjoy books that are interesting to read, have sequels that follow, and include intriguing themes.

#5

#8, #9

#4

#1

#10

Write For Power - English Gold

assignment in class
Assignment – in class
  • Write a Stage 8 Powergraph using the following 1st power sentence.
  • Group A – If I was home alone during a major earthquake, I would do three things. (SP #9)
  • Group B – In three ways Sara expressed appreciation to her parents, teachers, and friends. (SP #10)
  • Group C – Australia, one of the world’s seven continents, possesses three major tourist attractions. (SP #8)

Write For Power - English Gold

sp 11 open with adjective
SP #11 – Open with Adjective
  • An Adjective is a word that connects to a noun to describe it.
  • They usually immediately precede the words they modify ( the _______ girl)
  • However, when pulled away and placed on the front of a sentence and followed by a comma, they gain emphasis.

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examples of sp 11
Examples of SP #11
  • Attractive, the young lady exuded great confidence.
  • Cold, the family gathered near the fire.
  • Furious, Peter felt frustration.
  • Breathless and weary, she still ran on the treadmill.

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sp 12 open with adjective phrase
SP #12 – Open with Adjective Phrase
  • Adjective Phrase = Adjective + a group of words, often a Prep Phrase.
  • The Phrase does NOT have a subject & verb (that would be a clause!)
  • The Adjective Phrases serve the same function as regular adjectives – connecting to and modifying a noun.
  • Adjective Phrase Openers are followed by a comma.

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examples of sp 12
Examples of SP #12
  • Attractive (in a physical way), the young lady exuded great confidence.
  • Cold (from the approaching storm), the family gathered near the fire.
  • Furious (at the teacher), Peter felt frustration.
  • Breathless and weary (from a lack of sleep), she still ran on the treadmill.

Write For Power - English Gold

assignment sp 11 12 due monday feb 9 th
Write 5 sentences using SP #11 (5 pts)

Write 5 sentences using SP #12 (5 pts)

Write ONE Stage 8 Powergraph (three details) using SP’s #8-#12 (10 points)

Here are some topics you could use:

3 adjectives to describe your personality

3 embarrassing moments

3 things you find annoying

3 wishes you would make

3 days NOT to go to the mall

Assignment – SP #11 & #12 – Due Monday, Feb 9th

Write For Power - English Gold

sp 13 open with present infinitive
Sp #13 – Open with Present Infinitive
  • Infinitive is “to” + verb
    • To push
    • To wash
    • To dance
    • To laugh

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sp 13
SP #13
  • Infinitive Opener can act as three different parts of speech
  • Noun (subject of the sentence)
    • To laugh at the funeralwould be rude.

Subject(n) verb Pred Adj

    • To cry at a weddingis normal.

Subject(n) verb Pred Adj

    • To eat too much cheese is fattening.

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sp 131
SP #13
  • Noun (Subject
  • Adjective (connect to nouns –subject)
  • To stop dress code infractions, Mrs. Norton did a dress code check all day.
  • To get to the park, the dog ran all day.
  • To satisfy her hunger, Nadia ate cheese.

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sp 132
SP #13
  • Noun (Subj)
  • Adjective (connecting to Subject)
  • Adverb
  • I struggled to teach the lesson.
  • To improve my grades I worked hard.
  • To get extra rest, Andrew slept in.

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sp 14 open with perfect infinitive
SP #14 Open with Perfect Infinitive
  • To + have + past participle form of the verb
  • To have studied for the examwould have been a good idea.
  • SP #13 – Present Infinitve
  • To + present tense of verb
  • To study for the exam will be a good idea.

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sp 13 14 assignment due tuesday feb 17
SP #13 & 14 Assignment – due Tuesday Feb. 17
  • 5 SP #13s
    • To eat the soup will make me sick.
  • 5 SP #14s
    • To have watched the show would have been nice.
  • 1 Stage 8 Powergraph (1, 23, 23, 23, 1C)
    • SP #2, #4, #8, #12, #14

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sp 15 16 open with a participle 15 present 16 past
SP #15 & #16 – Open with a Participle (15-present, 16- past)
  • Participles always act as adjectives.
  • They always connect to nouns.
  • Present Part -ing ending
    • Eating quickly, I couldn’t be late for school.
  • Past Part -ed ending
    • Burned by the fire, the child cried loudly.

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sp 15 present participle
SP #15 – Present Participle
  • Flying through the air, Andrew bravely fought crime.
  • Driving recklessly, DJ should not get his license.
  • Singing in the shower, Davielle slipped on the soap.
  • Running in the park, Eric got attacked by a dog.

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sp 16 past participle
SP #16 – Past Participle
  • Laughed at by the class, Vickie was in tears.
  • Cleaned by Christie, the room was still dirty.
  • Stunned by her beauty, Victor couldn’t even speak.
  • Shocked at the sight, the teacher fainted.

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assignment due monday
Assignment – Due Monday
  • 5 SP #15s
  • 5 SP #16s
  • Write a list of ALL 16 Sentence Patterns.
  • Strong Active Verb
  • Question
  • Exclamation
  • Adverb Opener

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sp 17 open with a perfect participle
SP #17 – Open with a Perfect Participle
  • Present Part – ending –ing
  • Past Part – ending –ed
  • Perfect Part – having + past tense(usually)
    • Having shrieked loudly, the girl…
    • Having come late to school, Eric got a tardy.
    • Having kissed her hand, Romeo fell in love.

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examples
Examples
  • Having sat in the expensive seats, I don’t think I’ll ever sit anywhere else!
  • Having taught preschool, Mrs. Norton was better prepared to teach freshman.
  • Having eaten the whole thing, I felt sick!
  • Having ran in the rain, DJ caught the flu.

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participle review
Participle Review
  • SP #15 – Present Participle Opener
    • Walking across the street, I got hit by a car.
  • SP #16 – Past Participle Opener
    • Determined to finish my homework, I stayed up all night.
  • SP #17 – Perfect Participle Opener
    • Having laughed hard, she fell out of the chair.

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assignment due today
Assignment – Due Today
  • 4 SP #15 – Present Participle Opener
  • 4 SP #16 – Past Participle Opener
  • 7 SP #17 – Perfect Participle Opener

Review Test on Friday – SP #1-17 (I’ll provide a sheet of notes for SPs #1-10

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sp 18 open with a direct object
SP #18 – Open with a Direct Object
  • Normally, sentences begin with a subject, are followed by a verb, and IF that verb is transitive (or takes an object), then a DIRECT OBJECT.

Mrs. Norton gave directions.

  • A direct object (DO) is ALWAYS a noun.
  • Nouns are any word that you can put

THE, A, or AN in front of.

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do continued
DO - continued
  • Transitive verbs include:
    • Make
    • Love
    • Have
    • Order
    • Notice
    • Give

The word that follows the transitive verb is the “WHAT” of the sentence.

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back to sp 18
Back to SP #18
  • OPEN with a DO
  • Krista owns a dog. (regular sent order)
  • A dog Krista owns.
  • I love Mayam more than Andrew.
  • Mayam I love more than Andrew.
  • The teacher promised As (for everyone).
  • As for everyone the teacher promised.

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assignment sp 18 due mon
Assignment – SP #18 – due Mon.
  • 10 SP #18s – Be sure to underline the DO
  • 1 Powergraph – Stage 8 (8 sentences)
  • 3, 9, 12, 15, 18 (no #6!)
  • I smell fear.
  • Fear I smell.
  • Fear smell I. SP #6 & #18

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in class examples
Steven ordered food.

Aileen played basketball.

Trent made music.

Yohan made a cookie.

Justin ate food.

Nicky bought a car.

Luke had homework.

Brandon hates WOW.

Daniel loves WOW.

Mrs. Norton gave homework.

The dog jumped the fence.

Food Steven ordered.

Basketball Aileen played.

Music Trent made.

A cookie Yohan made.

Food Justin ate.

A car Nicky bought.

Homework Luke had.

WOW Brandon hates.

WOW Daniel loves.

Homework Mrs. Norton gave.

The fence the dog jumped.

IN-CLASS EXAMPLES

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3 9 12 15 18 tutoring
3-9-12-15-18 (tutoring)

Excited for his future, Aladdin revealed his three wishes. First, he wished for a magic carpet! Because transportation was his biggest issue, a carpet was important. Second he wished for a meal. A loaf of bread the genie provided. Finally, flying on the magic carpet, Aladdin wished for a princess. Jasmine was his dream girl. Happy with these new “belongings”, Aladdin went for a picnic… in Brazil.

12

3

9

18

15

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sp 19 open with a verb
SP #19 Open with a Verb
  • Verbs supply action to a sentence
  • Time Magazine, in every issue, makes frequent use of the verb as a sentence opener – particularly in recording conversation
  • When you open a sentence with a verb, you may take credit for 2 different SPs - #19 and #7 (quote)

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examples of 19
Examples of #19
  • Reported the officer, “We apprehended the suspect last night.”
  • Announced the team owner, “We will be releasing 500 free tickets to the public.”
  • Thought General Zaroff, “Why did Rainsford quit the game and kill himself?”
  • Grinned the teacher, “There will be no homework this week.”

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assignment
Assignment
  • 5 Examples of SP #19
  • 1 example each of SPs 14-18 (5 sentences total)
  • One Stage 8 Powergraph about 3 major plot points in Cask of Amontillado. EC for typing!
  • Use SPs #19, 18, 16, #14, #7 (7 & 19 go well together!)

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14 18
14-18
  • #14 – To have ed would have been (Perfect Infinitive)
  • #15 – Fainting from the heat, (Present Participle)
  • #16 – Shocked by Emily, I yelled!(Past Participle)
  • #17 – Having received the apple, the teacher was happy. (Perfect Participle)
  • #18 – (DO) A question the teacher asked.

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odyssey 19 7 18 16 14
Odyssey - #19 & #7, 18, 16, #14

Three examples of Greek Mythology

  • Scylla & Charybdis – mythological monsters
  • The Cyclops – one-eyed son of Poseidon
  • Athena disguises & helps Odysseus
  • The Sirens
  • Calypso
  • Helios’ cattle
  • Zeus and his bolt of lightning destroys the ship
  • Hermes tells Calypso to let him go
  • Aeolus – bag of wind

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interlopers 19 7 18 16 14
Interlopers - #19 & #7, 18, 16,#14

Three points of irony Saki uses in “The Interlopers.” First, it is ironic that nature’s violence takes over before their own. Specifically, to have shot each other was the objective of both Ulrich and Georg. A second instance of irony is when the men become friends. Said Ulrich, “Neighbor if you will help me bury this old quarrel, I will ask you to be my friend.” Finally, a last situational irony is found when they are going to be eaten by wolves. Eaten by the wolves, their conflict is resolved. In conclusion, the irony in “The Interlopers” makes this a very engaging story.

18

14

19, 7

16

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sentence pattern 20
Sentence Pattern #20
  • Open with a present GERUND
  • A gerund is a verbal – a word that used to be a verb, but now is something else… like a noun or an adjective.
  • A Participle is also a verbal – it used to be a verb, but now is an adjective.
    • The sleeping dog had a puppy dream.
    • The wrapped candy was expensive.

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gerunds act as nouns ing
Gerunds – act as nouns - ING
  • Gerunds ALWAYS end in –ing.
    • Sleeping, walking, running, talking, dying, painting, writing, flying, burning, kissing
  • Gerunds MUST act as NOUNS
    • Subject, Direct Object, Object of Preposition, Predicate Noun (follows a “to be” verb)
how to open with a gerund
How to Open with a Gerund
  • Combine with an adverb
    • Driving dangerously can be criminal.
  • Combine with a Prepositional Phrase
    • Writing in my journal is relaxing.
  • Take an object after the gerund
    • Saying goodbye to my mom gave me a feeling of sadness.
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With an adverb
    • Dancing romantically can be thrilling.
  • With a PP
    • Dancing with a short person can present some problems.
  • Taking an object
    • Dancing the Cha-cha at a competition gives me confidence.
homework due monday
Homework – due Monday
  • 5 sentences using SP 20 (Present Gerund opener)
  • List all 20 Sentence Patterns
    • Strong Active Verb
    • Question
    • Exclamation
    • Adverb Opener
    • Prep Phrase Opener
    • Verb Precedes Subject

Be ready for a W4P quiz on Friday on SP 20 and all the SPs!!!!!!

sp 21 restrictive adjective clause
SP #21 – Restrictive Adjective Clause
  • A clause must have a subject and a verb (unlike a phrase)
  • A clause may be independent and be its own sentence.
    • The ball bounced down the road.
      • Subject Verb- (Prep Phrase)
  • A clause may be DEPENDENT, which means it can NOT be its own sentence
    • It must “connect” to an independent clause.
slide101

Dependent Clauses may be:

    • Adverbial Clauses (“because”, “since”)
    • Adjective Clauses – connecting to NOUNS
  • Restrictive Adjective Clause – dependent clause (Subj & Verb), connecting to a noun, that is necessary to the meaning of the sentence. – Without the Rest Adj Clause, the sentence meaning changes
  • Common Triggers (Who, Whom, Whose, Which, That)
examples of rest adj clause
Examples of Rest Adj Clause

Start with a Subj (Nouns) and then connect the RAC

Studentswho want to score well on their testswill prepare (with plenty) (of studying).

Ellisa, who was sick with swine flu,missed school yesterday.

The class, that worked hard on the report, earned a party.

examples of sp 21
Examples of SP 21

Harout, who stayed up too late last night, slept through class.

Krystal, for whom we are throwing a party, will celebrate her fifteenth birthday.

The teacher, whose class was feared by all, turnedout to be loving and nice.

The car which ran out of gas got stuck in the middle of the street.

The sunglasses that I thought I had lost were in Mr. Gummelt’s office.

sp 21 homework due monday
SP 21 Homework – due Monday
  • 5 Sentences using SP 21 (use each trigger – who, whom, whose, which, that)
  • 5 Sentences using SP 20
  • 1 Stage 5 Powergraph, with a conclusion (so 6 sentences) in which you use SP 18, 19 (& #7), 20, & 21.
  • TOPIC – Two qualities that make (your Greek God) an interesting character.
powergraph odysseus 18 19 7 20 21
Powergraph – Odysseus 18, 19 (& #7), 20, 21

#19 & #7

#21

#18

#20

  • Exclaimed the student, “Odysseus is a great hero for two main reasons.”
  • One reason he is heroic is he protects his crew of men.
  • The Lotus Eaters who are loser weed-heads try to keep some of his men, but Odysseus defeats them.
  • Cleverness Odysseus possesses, which makes him a smart character.
  • Outsmarting the Trojans proves how intelligent he is.
  • Finally, Odysseus is protective and clever, both of which make him a good epic hero.