The book of judges. Israel’s downward spiral. INTRODUCTION. The Historical Setting The historical scope of this period: from the death of Joshua (1390 BC) to the days of Samuel (i.e., the establishment of the monarchy (Saul becomes king in 1051BC)
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Israel’s downward spiral
from the death of Joshua (1390 BC)
to the days of Samuel (i.e., the establishment of the monarchy (Saul becomes king in 1051BC)
2. The period of the Judges thus extends from about1390 to 1051 BC, a total of approximately 340 years
2. The purpose of Judges
The book of Judges demonstrates Israel’s need for a righteous king who will lead the nation
to test Israel, to see whether they would trust YHWH (2:20-22; 3:4)
1.) Intermarriage (3:5,6)
2.) Idolatry (2:12-13; cf 3:6b)
Deborah (and her sidekick)
Marries within his tribe
God “raises him up” (only said of Othniel and Ehud)
Related to Caleb, one who stands out for his faithfulness
No defect in Othniel
Oppressed by Eglon (king of Moab)
Left-handed man (significance?)
Eglon, a rather large fellow (3:17)
“He’s only covering his feet” (3:24)??
Humor in the story
Idols at Gilgal (3:19, 26)
Is Ehud good, bad, or ambiguous?
Deborah, in tune with God (4:4-7)
Barak, a bit of a coward (4:8)
Didn’t complete the mission, i.e. “kill Sisera” (4:7)
Jael does the dirty work
3rd unlikely judge
Ehud—a left-handed man
Was Gideon a good leader?
Was Jephthah a good leader?
Ends in civil war
Slaughter of Ephraimites
No “peace formula”
Years of oppression more than years of judgship
Jephpthah’s vow: what was he thinking?
Thinking of a human sacrifice all along?
“out of the doors of my house to meet me”
Chap. 13, a very special dude with a very special mission
Chap. 14, a strong man with a weak heart
Chap. 15, God uses him to defeat the Philistines
Destroys vineyards (15:1-8)
Kills 1,000 men with a jawbone (15:9-20)
Chap. 16, Samson and Delilah
Was Samson a good guy or a bad guy?
Heb 11:32-33, “For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah…who by faith conquered kingdoms, performed acts of righteousness….”
Judges 1:1-2, “Now…the sons of Israel inquired of the LORD, saying, ‘Who shall go up first for us against the Canaanites?’ And the LORD said, ‘Judah shall go up.’”
Judges 20:18, “Now the sons of Israel arose, went up to Bethel, and inquired of God, and said, ‘Who shall go up first for us to battle against the sons of Benjamin?’Then the LORD said, ‘Judah shall go up first’”
Ezek 16:46-48, “Your younger sister…is Sodom with her daughters. Yet you have not merely walked in their ways or done according to their abominations; but, as if that were too little, you acted more corruptly in all your conduct than they. As I live,’ declares the Lord God, ‘Sodom, your sister, and her daughters, have not done as you and your daughters have done’”