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American Revolution Pt. 1. US-I Mr. Pinto. Fort Ticonderoga. (May 1775) – Ethan Allen leads Vermont Militia (Green Mountain Boys) w/ Benedict Arnold’s Connecticut militia and captured Fort Ticonderoga. The Battle of Bunker Hill. (June 1775) Notes from previous section

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fort ticonderoga
Fort Ticonderoga
  • (May 1775) – Ethan Allen leads Vermont Militia (Green Mountain Boys) w/ Benedict Arnold’s Connecticut militia and captured Fort Ticonderoga.
the battle of bunker hill
The Battle of Bunker Hill
  • (June 1775) Notes from previous section
  • (January 1776) Col. Knox brings cannons from Ticonderoga
    • Washington sets them up overlooking city and harbor of Boston
    • By March, British abandon Boston, head for Canada
advantages for each side
Advantages for each side

Colonial Advantages

British Advantages

fighting in the middle colonies
Fighting in the Middle Colonies
  • (Summer 1776) British crush colonial army throughout New York and Pennsylvania. General Howe leads 32,000 soldiers and takes New York City
  • Washington masses 23,000 men, but by the Winter, he is down to 8,000.
    • Many troops deserted
    • Colonial army is ready to collapse
    • Congress flees Philadelphia
battle of trenton
Battle of Trenton
  • Xmas night – Washington leads his army across the Delaware River.
    • March 9 miles to Trenton (controlled by British).
    • 8am, Dec. 26, Surprise attack defeats 1,000 Hessians (German mercenaries) nets Trenton and 6 cannons.
    • 8 days later, Washington wins again at Princeton.
the fight for philadelphia
The Fight for Philadelphia
  • (July 1777) – General Howe’s British force captures Philadelphia
  • (September 1777) – British win Battle of Brandywine
  • (October 1777) – British win at Battle of Germantown
victory at saratoga
Victory at Saratoga
  • As How is taking Philadelphia, General John Burgoyne devises plan to retake Fort Ticonderoga
    • British struggle advancing and lose 2 significant battles (These are known as the Battle of Saratoga) October 1777.
saratoga as a turning point
Saratoga as a turning point
  • Victory helped encourage French to openly back the U.S. (February, 1778 sign Treaty of Alliance)
    • France won’t make peace w/ Britain unless American independence is recognized
  • Changed British strategy – British army stayed near coast under protection of Navy and other supplies