INSTRUMENTS USED IN ORAL SURGERY. GENERAL SURGICAL INSTRUMENT Chittle Forceps Instruments used for lifting out sterile instruments from autoclave or instrument tray. It has long handles and long, angulated and serrated beaks for better grip.
It has short blades which have crisscross serrations and groove in the centre.
Allis Tissue Holding Forceps
Tissue Holding Forceps
Delicate tissue such as fascia, mucosa, pathological tissues may be held with a non toothed forceps; whereas periosteum, muscles, aponeurosis, etc., may be held with a toothed tissue holding forceps.
BONE CUTTING INSTRUMENTS
Rowe’s Maxillary Disimpaction Forceps
Asche’s Septal Forceps
This instrument is similar to needle holder except that the blades are shorter and stouter. There are no vertical groove. It has rachet.
Dial’s periosteal elevator : This has one rounded edge and one pointed end. The pointed edge is used todetect the papilla while the rounded edge to reflect the mucoperiosteal flap and small flaps.
2. For extraction of mandibular molar root stumps when both the roots are present but one fractured at a lower levelthan the other or when the furcation is intact.
All the forceps have cross hatching on the handle to allow a firm grip and have serrations on the inner side of the beaks to allow better grip on the tooth.
They are used primarily for extraction of stumps of the maxillary anterior teeth.
The mandibular premolar forceps have identical broad open beaks that are longer than the beaks of the anterior forceps.